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Abukar Albadri / 500px. Dagskryssning. Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value. Revenge is spark behind a Somali teen's militancy. DJIBOUTI — A year ago, Bashir Yusuf was a schoolboy who dreamed of becoming a doctor.

Revenge is spark behind a Somali teen's militancy

Now the 15-year-old Somali dreams only of revenge and his own death. His transformation from junior high student to Islamist fighter with blood on his hands is a bitter legacy of the cycle of violence that began in Somalia a year before Bashir was born. Just as the U.S. -led invasion of Iraq has become a recruiting tool for Al Qaeda, the presence of thousands of Ethiopian troops in Somalia is creating a generation of religious warriors such as Bashir, radicalized by a daily diet of violence.

Today, Bashir is recuperating in the neighboring country of Djibouti after losing his hand during an attack on his insurgent hide-out. The militant journey that brought him to a hospital here began in March, when an Ethiopian missile landed on his family's home in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. More than 1,000 civilians are believed to have died in the fighting this year, and 450,000 have been displaced.

Somalia: Government Clampdown on Independent Media Houses and Freedom of Expression - East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project. The Somali government has repeatedly violated the human rights principles enshrined in the Provisional Constitution of Somalia promulgated on August 1, 2012, specifically, the right to freedom of expression and right of the media to disseminate information of public interest, as expressed in Chapter Two of the Constitution”, said the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (EHAHRDP) today.

Somalia: Government Clampdown on Independent Media Houses and Freedom of Expression - East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project

Over the last few weeks , 19 media workers, including three prominent journalists of Shabelle Media Network were arrested, pressured to go off air and charged by the office of the Attorney General at Benadir Regional Court. EAJA CONDEMNS RAID ON RADIO STATIONS, ARREST OF JOURNALISTS IN SOMALIA  Published on August 22, 2014 by Maalik Eng · No Comments Eastern Africa Journalists Association has today criticized security agencies in Somalia for raiding and closing two radio stations and arresting at least eight journalists.

EAJA CONDEMNS RAID ON RADIO STATIONS, ARREST OF JOURNALISTS IN SOMALIA 

According to EAJA’s local affiliate, National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ), heavily- armed security officers today, Friday, raided and shut down both Radio Shabelle and Sky FM, which are owned by Shabelle Media Network, and arrested at least eight journalists, including Shabelle Chairman Abdimalik Yusuf Mohamud. The two radio stations had reportedly aired news reports on Thursday night about an interview President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud gave to a US-based PBS television.

Some government officials accused Radio Shabelle of negatively depicting President Mohamud’s visit in Washington to attend US-Africa leaders’ summit. Somali journalist arrested after speaking out against censorship. Hassan Gessey, Dalsan Radio director and chairman of Somali Independent Media Houses Association, has been arrested.

Somali journalist arrested after speaking out against censorship

(SIMHA) Nairobi, September 3, 2014--Somali journalist Hassan Gessey, a radio director at the independent Dalsan Radio, is being held without charge by the National Intelligence and Security Agency after criticizing a directive to restrict reporting on military operations, according to news reports and local journalists.

Armed members of the security services arrested Hassan and Abubakar Moyhedin, a presenter and staff manager, at the Mogadishu station at about 9 a.m. today according to news reports. Abubakar was released after a few hours but Hassan remains in custody and has not been charged, local journalists told CPJ. The arrest comes after Hassan gave several radio interviews in his capacity as chairman of the Somali Independent Media Houses Association (SIMHA) on Tuesday evening, including one for the U.S. EAJA CONDEMNS RAID ON RADIO STATIONS, ARREST OF JOURNALISTS IN SOMALIA 

Independent media houses closed, journalists arrested  Published on August 15, 2014 by Maalik Som · No Comments Mogadishu(Sh M Network) The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) has criticised the security forces of the Federal Government of Somalia for abusing their power and the law by raiding and closing independent radio stations and arresting journalists in the wildest media attack.

Independent media houses closed, journalists arrested 

Independent Somali News Organization, Serving For Transparency And Fair Society. The National Security and Intelligence Agency [NISA] today arrested two journalists a day after the NISA imposed strict orders against the independent media in Mogadishu, Somalia capital.

Independent Somali News Organization, Serving For Transparency And Fair Society.

"It was a very shocking experience this morning when heavily armed men belonging to the National security and intelligence services broke into our compound and snatched the two journalists---we were all terrorised when the soldiers pointed guns at every staff member before they took our colleagues with them” a journalist who demanded anonymity said.

The motive of the arrest of the two journalists was not yet clear as there were not any charges filed against them but journalists in Mogadishu said the arrest came a day after NISA commander Colonel Koofi ordered the media houses not to cover Al Shabab related news events. The two journalists were reportedly arrested in the NISA detention at Godka Jila’ow, a place where Al Shabab fighters recently waged a deadly attack. Independent Somali News Organization, Serving For Transparency And Fair Society. EAJA CONDEMNS RAID ON RADIO STATIONS, ARREST OF JOURNALISTS IN SOMALIA  Independent media houses closed, journalists arrested  Concerns rise over freedom of press in Somalia after crackdown on journalists. Following the arrest of several Somali journalists in recent weeks, media organisations are crying foul and urging government branches to protect the freedom of the press and ensure due process is followed in criminal cases against journalists.

Concerns rise over freedom of press in Somalia after crackdown on journalists

In the latest round of arrests on Wednesday (September 3rd), security services arrested Dalsan Radio staff manager Abukar Moheydin, who was released a few hours later without charge, and Hassan Ali Gesey, the radio's director and chairman of the Somali Independent Media Houses Association (SIMHA), for criticising a directive issued by National Security Agency Benadir commander Mohamed Adan Kofi to curb media coverage on security and al-Shabaab related operations.

In a meeting with directors of local media held at Hotel City Plaza in Mogadishu on Tuesday, Kofi said effective immediately media houses could only publish or air official statements from the Ministry of National Security when covering security related news. The need for due process. Somali journalist arrested after speaking out against censorship.