Theories, Ideas, and Social Concepts
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Propaganda of the deed (or propaganda by the deed , from the French propagande par le fait ) is specific political action meant to be exemplary to others.
Riepl's law is a hypothesis formulated by Wolfgang Riepl in 1913.
"Luddite fallacy" redirects here. Technological unemployment is unemployment primarily caused by technological change . Given that technological change generally increases productivity , it is an established principle of economics that technological change, although it disrupts the careers of individuals and the health of particular firms, cannot cause systemic unemployment. [ 1 ] The notion of technological unemployment leading to structural unemployment (and being macroeconomically injurious) is often called the Luddite fallacy , named after an early historical example. John Maynard Keynes used the term as early as 1930: “We are being afflicted with a new disease of which some readers may not yet have heard the name, but of which they will hear a great deal in the years to come-namely, technological unemployment. This means unemployment due to our discovery of means of economizing the use of labor outrunning the pace at which we can find new uses for labor.” [ 2 ]
The newest technologies--computers, genetic engineering and the emerging field of nanotech--differ from the technologies that preceded them in a fundamental way.
In my last post I made the claim that colleges are not preparing students for the future.
The Leader of the Luddites , engraving of 1812 The Luddites were 19th-century English textile artisans who violently protested against the machinery introduced during the Industrial Revolution that made it possible to replace them with less-skilled, low-wage labourers, leaving them without work.
Neo-Luddism is a philosophy opposing many forms of modern technology . [ 1 ] Its name is based on the historical legacy of the British Luddites , who were active between 1811 and 1816. [ 1 ] These groups along with modern Neo-Luddites are characterized by the practice of destroying private property as a means of protest.
Critique of technology is an analysis of the negative impacts of technologies. It is argued that, in all advanced industrial societies (not necessarily only capitalist ones), technology becomes a means of domination, control and exploitation, or more generally something which threatens the survival of humanity. Prominent authors elaborating a critique of technology are, e.g..
Postdevelopment theory (also post-development , or anti-development ) holds that the whole concept and practice of development is a reflection of Western-Northern hegemony over the rest of the world.
Degrowth (in French: décroissance , [ 1 ] in Spanish: decrecimiento , in Italian: decrescita ) is a political, economic, and social movement based on ecological economics and anti-consumerist and anti-capitalist ideas.
The term Traditionalist School (whose perspective is generally referred to as Traditionalism or Perennialism ) is used by many authors to denote a school of thought based upon a belief that all the world's great religions share the same origin (in a primordial principle of transcendent unity) and are, at root, based on the same metaphysical principles. These ideas are sometimes referred to in the Latin as: the philosophia perennis and are expounded in the writings and teachings of French metaphysician René Guénon , German-Swiss philosopher Frithjof Schuon and the Ceylonese -British scholar Ananda Coomaraswamy . The school includes such figures as Titus Burckhardt , Martin Lings , Jean-Louis Michon , Marco Pallis , Huston Smith , Seyyed Hossein Nasr , Jean Borella and, with some controversy, Julius Evola . [ 1 ] [ edit ] Terminology
The green and black flag of green anarchism.
Technophobia (from Greek τέχνη - technē , "art, skill, craft" [ 1 ] and φόβος - phobos , "fear" [ 2 ] ) is the fear or dislike of advanced technology or complex devices, especially computers . [ 3 ] Although there are numerous interpretations of technophobia, they seem to become more complex as technology continues to evolve at such an unstoppable rate. The term is generally used in the sense of an irrational fear, but others contend fears are justified. It is related to cyberphobia and is the opposite of technophilia .
Technorealism is an attempt to expand the middle ground between Techno-utopianism and Neo-Luddism by assessing the social and political implications of technologies so that people might all have more control over the shape of their future .
Technological utopianism (often called techno-utopianism or technoutopianism ) refers to any ideology based on the belief that advances in science and technology will eventually bring about a utopia , or at least help to fulfill one or another utopian ideal. A techno-utopia is therefore a hypothetical ideal society , in which laws, government, and social conditions are solely operating for the benefit and well-being of all its citizens, set in the near- or far- future , when advanced science and technology will allow these ideal living standards to exist; for example, post scarcity , transformations in human nature , the abolition of suffering and even the end of death . In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, several ideologies and movements, such as the cyberdelic counterculture, the Californian Ideology , transhumanism , [ 1 ] and singularitarianism , have emerged promoting a form of techno-utopia as a reachable goal.