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[Pr p12] §1. Introduction. Protogaea (1690-1691) Protogaea (1690-1691)
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, translated by C.D. Yonge Book I.Introduction, Thales, Solon, Chilon, Pittacus, Bias, Cleobulus, Periander, Anacharsis, the Scythian, Myson, Epimenides, Pherecydes. Book II.Anaximander, Anaximenes, Anaxagoras, Archelaus, Socrates, Xenophon, Aeschines, Aristippus, Phaedo, Euclides, Stilpo, Crito, Simon, Glaucon, Simmias, Cebes, Menedemus. Book III.Plato. Book IV.Speusippus, Xenocrates, Polemo, Crates, Crantor, Arcesilaus, Bion, Lacydes, Carneades, Clitomachus. Book V.Aristotle, Theophrastus, Strato, Lycon, DemetriusHeraclides. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, translated by C.D. Yonge

List of unsolved problems in philosophy

List of unsolved problems in philosophy This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?"
Oráculo manual y arte de prudencia
The First Dialogue. Berkeley, George. 1909-14. Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists. The Harvard Classics
Ludwik Fleck (July 11, 1896 – June 5, 1961) was a Polish Israeli medical doctor and biologist who developed in the 1930s the concept of Denkkollektiv (or thought collectives). This concept is important in philosophy of science and sociology of science in that it helps explain how scientific ideas change over time, similar to Thomas Kuhn's later notion of paradigm shift or Foucault's episteme. Thought collectives and thought styles[edit] Fleck wrote that the development of truth in scientific research was an unattainable ideal as different researchers were locked in thought collectives (or thought-styles). Ludwik Fleck Ludwik Fleck
Willard Van Orman Quine Originally published in The Philosophical Review 60 (1951): 20-43. Reprinted in W.V.O. Quine, From a Logical Point of View (Harvard University Press, 1953; second, revised, edition 1961), with the following alterations: "The version printed here diverges from the original in footnotes and in other minor respects: §§1 and 6 have been abridged where they encroach on the preceding essay ["On What There Is"], and §§3-4 have been expanded at points." Except for minor changes, additions and deletions are indicated in interspersed tables. I wish to thank Torstein Lindaas for bringing to my attention the need to distinguish more carefully the 1951 and the 1961 versions. Two Dogmas of Empiricism Two Dogmas of Empiricism
Heidegger reading Hölderlins Hymne The Ister
Anthony Quinton on Spinoza and Leibniz: Section 4
by G W Leibniz I: Concerning the divine perfection and that God does everything in the most desirable way II: Against those who hold that there is in the works of God no goodness, or that the principles of goodness and beauty are arbitrary III: Against those who think that God might have made things better than he has Leibniz- Discourse on Metaphysics Leibniz- Discourse on Metaphysics
THIS treatise on Elementary Philosophy, which first appeared in the year 1813, when it procured for me the degree of doctor, afterwards became the substructure for the whole of my system. It cannot, therefore, be allowed to remain out of print, as has been the case, without my knowledge, for the last four years. On the other hand, to send a juvenile work like this once more into the world with all its faults and blemishes, seemed to me unjustifiable. On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason
documentary Spinoza
A Theologico-Political Treatise - Spinoza - Philosophy Archive
For more on Einstein and Spinoza see this page. Einstein's Poem About Spinoza From Jammer, p. 43; the complete poem is available in German in the Appendix of the book. Spinoza and Einstein Spinoza and Einstein
repository of texts written by Michel Foucault