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British Empire. The British Empire, which in the early decades of the 20th century covered nearly 30 million square kilometers with a population of 400-500 million people (roughly a quarter of the world's population), was the most extensive area under a single country's rule in history.

British Empire

The Empire had come about through a succession of phases of expansion by trade, settlement[?] Or conquest, interspersed with intervals of pacific commercial and diplomatic activity or contraction over 400 years. The territories under British influence were scattered across every continent and every ocean; it was said with some truth that "the sun never sets on the British Empire".

The British Empire - Children's British History Encyclopedia. The British Empire included all the territories that were ruled by Britain.

The British Empire - Children's British History Encyclopedia

Under Queen Victoria's rule, she doubled its size to make it the largest empire in history – it controlled 23% of the world’s surface and 458 million people at its peak. It was described as being the "Empire on which the sun never sets". Trade with the Empire made Britain rich. The most famous part of the British Empire was the East India Trading Company, which started out as a small business before becoming a very large trading company in Asia that many people depended on.

It mainly traded in: cotton, silk, indigo dye and tea. Smarthistory: a multimedia web-book about art and art history. Video. Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April, 1889, in the small Austrian town of Braunau near the German border.

Adolf Hitler

Both Hitler's parents had come from poor peasant families. His father Alois Hitler, the illegitimate son of a housemaid, was an intelligent and ambitious man and was at the time of Hitler's birth, a senior customs official in Lower Austria. Alois had been married before. In 1873 he had married Anna Glasl, the fifty-year-old adopted daughter of another customs collector. Triumph of Hitler: Nazis Boycott Jewish Shops. Just a week after the Enabling Act made Hitler dictator of Germany, a national boycott of Jewish shops and department stores was organized by Nazis under the direction of Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels.

Triumph of Hitler: Nazis Boycott Jewish Shops

The boycott was claimed to be in reaction to unflattering newspaper stories appearing in Britain and America concerning Hitler's new regime. The Nazis assumed most journalists were either Jewish or sympathetic to Jews and thus they labeled the bad publicity as "atrocity propaganda" spread by "international Jewry. " The boycott began at 10 a.m. on Saturday, April 1st, 1933, and lasted only a day. Activehistory.co. History.

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Slavery in America. Slavery in America Slavery in America began in 1607 and continued until 1865.

Slavery in America

These links tell you more about this controversial but, for a long time, legal practice. Slavery It's hard to imagine that people did these things to each other, but different times allowed different ideals. History For Kids - By KidsPast.com. History For Kids.