The Panama Papers Mapped. How Afraid of Watson the Robot Should We Be? Watson was just 4 years old when it beat the best human contestants on Jeopardy!
As it grows up and goes out into the world, the question becomes: How afraid of it should we be? Illustrations by Zohar Lazar On the first weekend of January, many of the leading researchers in artificial intelligence traveled to Puerto Rico to take part in an unusual private conference. Knowledge Doubling Every 12 Months, Soon to be Every 12 Hours. Knowledge Doubling Curve Buckminster Fuller created the “Knowledge Doubling Curve”; he noticed that until 1900 human knowledge doubled approximately every century.
The Law of Accelerating Returns. An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense “intuitive linear” view.
So we won’t experience 100 years of progress in the 21st century — it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today’s rate). The “returns,” such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. There’s even exponential growth in the rate of exponential growth. Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity — technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history.
The impossibility of being an expert: empowering physicians with new-new information. The godfather of evidence-based medicine, Dr.
David Sackett, said that the practice of evidence-based medicine integrates: Individual clinical expertiseA patient’s values and expectationsThe best available external clinical evidence. If a physician’s got the first issue covered, and a patient is very engaged in their health in full collaboration with their physician, there’s still the third issue to deal with: the proliferation of medical information and keeping up with the literature. There are 25,400 scientific journals and their number is increasing by 3.5% a year. More scientific and medical papers are being published now than ever before.
Is it possible to be an expert nowadays, asks BMJ. Every doctor has an ethical duty to keep up to date. Is this just getting more difficult or has it already become impossible? The impossibility of being an expert: empowering physicians with new-new information. Key Findings from U.S. Digital Marketing Spending Survey, 2013. Marketing leaders have secured bigger budgets to define markets and attract, acquire and retain customers.
Yet, increased funding is a double-edged sword. It brings new opportunities but puts more pressure on marketers to deliver and prove a return on the investments. Use our seven key findings to benchmark your marketing budgets and review our recommendations to enhance your digital marketing efforts. (See Note 1 for the definition of digital marketing.) Finding No. 1: 10.4% of 2012 Revenue Was Spent on Marketing, and Budgets Will Increase 6% in 2013. World Internet Users Statistics Usage and World Population Stats.
20th WCP: What Is Information? In the books and papers on brain science, cognitive science, etc., one of the most frequently used terms is information.
We are told that brains and their various subunits — down to the level of a single neuron — process information, store it, retrieve it, transmit it, etc. They do, indeed. The point, however, is that we are not told what information is. Perhaps information is meant to be understood in the sense first given by C. Public Speaking: For the average person speaking at a normal pace, what is the typical number of words they can say in one minute. Was Eric Schmidt Wrong About the Historical Scale of the Internet? Last August we quoted outgoing Google CEO Eric Schmidt saying "There was 5 exabytes of information created between the dawn of civilization through 2003, but that much information is now created every 2 days, and the pace is increasing.
" RJMetrics co-founder and CEO Robert J. Executive Summary. How much new information is created each year? Newly created information is stored in four physical media print, film, magnetic and optical and seen or heard in four information flows through electronic channels telephone, radio and TV, and the Internet. This study of information storage and flows analyzes the year 2002 in order to estimate the annual size of the stock of new information recorded in storage media, and heard or seen each year in information flows.
Where reliable data was available we have compared the 2002 findings to those of our 2000 study (which used 1999 data) in order to describe a few trends in the growth rate of information. Print, film, magnetic, and optical storage media produced about 5 exabytes of new information in 2002.
Fungi.png (PNG Image, 800 × 600 pixels) - Scaled (96%) Reconstructing the tree of life. March 2008 Ernst Haeckel's Monophyletic tree of organisms, 1866.
Biologists at the time identified three major groups of species: animals, plants and protista; primitive, mostly unicellular, organisms. Modern biologists also classify all life into three groups, but now animals and plants are considered to belong to the same group, with two different types of bacteria making up the other two groups. Next year is a great one for biology: not only will we celebrate 150 years since the publication of On the origin of species, but also 200 years since the birth of its author, Charles Darwin.
And two important anniversaries these are indeed: Darwin's theory of evolution through natural selection revolutionised vast swathes of human thought, from hard science to religion. The Dawn of the Information Age. The Dawn of the Information Age When people picture the decade of social change, for most the “Flower Power” movement of the 1960s springs to mind.
But few stop to consider the massive cultural revolution that is occurring right in front of their eyes. The advent of the internet is fundamentally changing the way that society functions by empowering the individual. History of Psychology. The following program was originally written for a two-week section of an orientation course for psychology majors and minors. Thus, it is rather humble in its scope. I chose to focus on the intellectual history from which psychology emerged as well as the cultural context in which it continued to evolve. Much of the history of psychology itself I leave to the various content-specific courses within the department (e.g. Abnormal Psychology and Theories of Learning).
I have relied primarily upon secondary sources while writing this history, and while some of major errors that can occur with that approach have come to my attention and have been rectified other errors probably remain. Dawn of the Information Age. World War II created a need for more advanced information processing systems for war technology (e.g. radar and sonar) which led to the development of electronic computers. Computers are unique in that they neither generate power nor manufacture a tangible product, they simply process information. Understanding the computer required the development of new ways to model the flow and transformation of information. These models were to have a strong influence on cognitive psychology (see 'Human Information Processing' in this history). In a related development, the war led to advances in goal-directed/self-regulating systems (e.g. guided missiles, which must regulate their behavior to stay on course to their target) A new branch of mathematics, named 'cybernetics' was developed to model the behavior of these goal-directed/self-regulating systems.
Inventor of the Week: Archive. Inventor of the Week Archive Browse for a different Invention or Inventor Hypertext Vannevar Bush, the inventor credited with the principles underlying modern hypertext research, was born on March 11, 1890 in Everett, Massachusetts. He was a headstrong child who showed an early aptitude for math. After graduating high school he enrolled at Tufts College in Massachusetts to study engineering.
Bush earned his B.S. and M.S. from Tufts in 1913 and worked for the General Electric test department. Vannevar Bush. History of the Hyperlink. Today we talked about many different kinds of interactive experiences—both digital and non-digital. In discussing the digital realm, we identified environmental, non-linear navigation, avatar-based games and community/collaborative interactive types. As We May Think - Vannevar Bush. Liquid OS X. Five Best Mind Mapping Tools.
Why I Use Mind Maps for Content Marketing Projects. I'm often asked how I manage all the details of complex content marketing projects. My favorite tool for this is Mind Maps. Will Humans Still Be Humans in an Age of Artificial Intelligence? - Megan Garber. Almost as soon as it arrived as a concept, artificial intelligence has occupied a hefty portion of humans' technological anxieties. The Hut Where the Internet Began - Alexis C. Madrigal. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. Challenge Based Learning - Browse Challenges. Online Instructional Associate. Semantic Web.
I have an idea that I think is very important but I haven’t yet polished to the point where I’m comfortable sharing it. I’m going to share it anyway, unpolished, because I think it’s that useful. So here I am, handing you a dull, gray stone, and I’m saying there’s a diamond inside. Maybe even a dilithium crystal. Welcome to Glinkr. Idea: Clustering. 10 reasons why mind mapping software should be the foundation of your personal productivity system. Mind mapping software can significantly improve your effectiveness, so much so that you really ought to consider making it a key tool in your personal productivity arsenal. Parsons Institute for Information Mapping. Information mapping.
Parsons Institute for Information Mapping > About PIIM. Google. Techmamas - Curating the Best of Tech and Social Media for Families.
MapGuide. The Verge at work: backing up your brain. MultiTasking. Information literacy. Programming Titan: Hybrid architecture points the way to the future of supercomputing - ORNL Review Vol. 45, No. 3, 2012. Information Visualisation. List of concept- and mind-mapping software. How to Accelerate Your Learning: Using Advanced Mind Mapping Techniques.
MMapArticles. Mind Maps/Thinking Maps/Graphic Organizers. Products. Maps. Information Overload's 2,300-Year-Old History - Ann Blair. Richard Branson Secrets to Success. Recovering from information overload - McKinsey Quarterly - Organization - Talent.