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Olympic body. Super Slim Me. Barbie. Dr Pepper 10. Fitness. Pepsi Zero. Killing Us Softly 4. Wate-On: “True Beauty Includes a Full Figure” A couple of years ago we posted a series of weight gain ads from the 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s. Yes, weight gain ads. Say it a few times, see how it rolls unfamiliarly around your tongue. If you consume popular culture, it’s rare to come across anyone suggesting that there’s such a thing as women who are too skinny. Quite the opposite.

Yet, during the middle decades of the 1900s, being too skinny was a problem that women worried about. And Wate-On was there to help them achieve the “glamorous curves” of “popular” girls. Jeremiah gave us a great excuse to re-post this already-posted material. There are interesting conversations to be had here. Julie C. found this ad in a newspaper from the 1960s: The text: “If skinny, thin and underweight take improved WATE-ON to help put on pounds and inches of firm, healthy looking flesh. Another (year unknown, found here): Taylor D. sent in this add for Wate-On (found here), which targets African American women: Text: Vintage Ads posted another example: Debenhams Bans Retouching of Its Lingerie Models. Fat Talk — Mimi Nichter.

Teen-aged girls hate their bodies and diet obsessively, or so we hear. News stories and reports of survey research often claim that as many as three girls in five are on a diet at any given time, and they grimly suggest that many are “at risk” for eating disorders. But how much can we believe these frightening stories? What do teenagers mean when they say they are dieting? Anthropologist Mimi Nichter spent three years interviewing middle school and high school girls—lower-middle to middle class, white, black, and Latina—about their feelings concerning appearance, their eating habits, and dieting.

In Fat Talk, she tells us what the girls told her, and explores the influence of peers, family, and the media on girls’ sense of self. Letting girls speak for themselves, she gives us the human side of survey statistics. Most of the white girls in her study disliked something about their bodies and knew all too well that they did not look like the envied, hated “perfect girl.” 'Fat Talk' Compels but Carries a Cost. Ken Orvidas Over winter break, Carolyn Bates, a college senior, and a friend each picked out five pairs of jeans at a Gap store in Indianapolis and eagerly tried them on.

But the growing silence in their separate fitting rooms was telling. At last, one friend called out, “Dang it, these fit everywhere but my thighs! I wish my legs weren’t so huge.” The response: “My pair is way too long. I need to be taller or skinnier!” The young women slumped out of the store, feeling lousy. This exchange is what psychological researchers call “fat talk,” the body-denigrating conversation between girls and women. And while research shows that most women neither enjoy nor admire fat talk, it compels them.

Alexandra F. Because of the stigma against heavier people, Dr. The most likable woman chosen by the students was overweight and quoted as saying: “I know I’m not perfect, but I love the way I look. The results were heartening, Dr. But, she acknowledged, her experiment had limitations. Dr. Ms. Theory of Forms. Plato's theory of Forms or theory of Ideas[1][2][3] asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most fundamental kind of reality.[4] When used in this sense, the word form or idea is often capitalized.[5] Plato speaks of these entities only through the characters (primarily Socrates) of his dialogues who sometimes suggest that these Forms are the only true objects of study that can provide us with genuine knowledge; thus even apart from the very controversial status of the theory, Plato's own views are much in doubt.[6] Plato spoke of Forms in formulating a possible solution to the problem of universals.

Forms[edit] The Greek concept of form precedes the attested language and is represented by a number of words mainly having to do with vision: the sight or appearance of a thing. A Form is aspatial (transcendent to space) and atemporal (transcendent to time). Meno Phaedo. Khôra. Key authors addressing "khôra" include Heidegger who refers to a "clearing" in which being happens or takes place (Nader El-Bizri, 2001, 2004). Julia Kristeva deploys the term as part of her analysis of the difference between the semiotic and symbolic realms, in that Plato's concept of "khora" is said to anticipate the emancipatory employment of semiotic activity as a way of evading the allegedly phallocentric character of symbolic activity (signification through language), which, following Jacques Lacan, is regarded as an inherently limiting and oppressive form of praxis.

Julia Kristeva articulates the 'chora' in terms of a presignifying state: 'Although the chora can be designated and regulated, it can never be definively posited: as a result, one can situate the chora and, if necessary, lend it a topology, but one can never give it axiomatic form.'[1] Jacques Derrida uses "khôra" to name a radical otherness that "gives place" for being. Notes[edit] References[edit] The Truth About Bodybuilding Genetics. By Bret Contreras – 1/11/2011 How the Mutants Do It World-record deadlifter Andy Bolton squatted 500 and deadlifted 600 the very first time he tried the lifts.

Former Mr. Olympia Dorian Yates bench-pressed 315 pounds on his first attempt as a teen. Metroflex Gym owner Brian Dobson tells the story of his first encounter with then-powerlifter and future Mr. Olympia Ronnie Coleman. He describes Ronnie's enormous thighs with veins bulging through the spandex, despite the fact that Ronnie had never used an anabolic steroid at that time. Arnold Schwarzenegger looked more muscular after one year of lifting than most people do after ten. It's just plain obvious that some individuals respond much better to training than others. Genetics: The Cold Hard Truth This probably isn't what you want to hear, but your progress is largely dependent on your genetics. Recent research shows that some individuals respond very well to strength training, some barely respond, and some don't respond at all. The Research. New Genes IDd in Obesity: How Much of Weight is Genetic?

Two studies zero in on DNA-based drivers of weight. Is obesity written in our genes? In two separate papers, published in the journal Science and in the Journal of Clinical Investigation (JCI), researchers describe new genetic factors that could explain weight gain in some people. In the Science study, researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital studying mice found a rare genetic mutation that prevented the animals from burning off fat calories.

They also found the same gene was mutated in a group of obese people. And a team based at University College London reported in JCI that a specific form of a gene previously linked to obesity, FTO, can increase craving for high-fat foods. In the mouse study, the research team determined that mutations in the Mrap2 gene led the animals to eat less initially but still gain about twice as much weight as they normally would. (MORE: Study Identifies Four New Genetic Markers For Severe Childhood Obesity) Cosmetic surgery. Home > Body Image > Cosmetic surgery If you are considering cosmetic surgery, you must be honest with yourself. Why do you want surgery and what do you expect surgery to do for you? According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), there are two categories of patients who are good candidates for surgery: The first includes patients with a strong self-image who are bothered by a physical characteristic that they'd like to improve or change.The second category includes patients who have a physical defect or cosmetic flaw that has diminished their self-esteem over time.

It's important to remember that cosmetic surgery can create both physical changes and changes in self-esteem. But if you are seeking surgery with the hope of influencing a change in someone other than yourself, you might end up disappointed. ASPS list of inappropriate candidates for surgery Patients in crisis, such as those who are going through divorce, the death of a spouse, or the loss of a job. Return to top. Gastric bands: Healthy women are demanding cosmetic surgery to stay thin. By Claire Bates Updated: 01:45 GMT, 18 January 2011 A few week's into 2011 and thousands of New Year dieters will already have slipped and raided the cupboards for treats. But instead of starting again or heading to the gym, it seems many are turning to private surgeons in hope of a 'quick fix.' Michael Dermody said he has had a request for gastric surgery from a woman with a BMI of 19, which means she was borderline underweight Michael Dermody, Director of Cosmetic Bliss, which offers procedures in the Czech Republic, said his company followed UK guidelines and only considered obese people for a gastric band fitting.

However, they were turning down around 30 patients a month who are too healthy to qualify for weight loss surgery. 'When I tell them we can't help them, they are often quite disappointed,' he told the Mail Online. 'They assume they can get anything they want if it's done privately. 'They are playing fast and loose with their patient's health. Real-Life Anime Doll Anastasiya Shpagina Makeup Transformation. Anastasiya Shpagina - Real Life Anime Girl. Body Image and Eating Disorders | This blog is about body image and its effects on eating disorders. The size zero pill.

By REBECCA HOWARD Last updated at 08:35 09 October 2006 When asked about their recent rapid weight loss, emaciated starlets trip out the same old excuses. They're on a low-carb, high-protein detox or a juice fast; they're seeing this great new diet guru; they're working out; or they're really busy. We've heard it all before. But in the past few months the smokescreen shielding the secret world of celebrity slimming has started to lift. It's being openly acknowledged that Hollywood is in the grip of a diet drug phenomenon. "Trainers like me laugh ourselves silly listening to celebrities talk about their diet and exercise routines," says Jackie Warner, the co-owner of Sky Sport & Spa in Beverly Hills.

"If you want to get your body seriously skinny in three weeks, it's going to be difficult the natural way. " But there's nothing natural about Celeb-land's latest take on the trend to be uber-tiny that has seen some of the world's highest profile women shrink to less than six stone. The Zoe Report by Rachel Zoe: Be Glamorous. Every Day.

Rachel Zoe Tops List Of Hollywood's Most Powerful Stylists. Controversial stylist Rachel Zoe, who infamously popularised the size zero trend, has topped a list of the most powerful stylists in Hollywood. The waif thin designer, who was responsible for the impressive wardrobe of couture gowns worn by Anne Hathaway at the Oscars, came out on top of the list compiled by Hollywood Reporter. The 39-year-old who is eight months pregnant with her first child, was ranked above her peers thanks to her extensive list of celebrity clients, a reality television show and her own fashion line. The list also features Kate Young, the former Vogue editor behind Natalie Portman's stylish maternity look, and Petra Flannery, who is guiding young stars Emma Stone and Hailee Steinfeld. Jen Rade, who has long worked with Angelina Jolie, also appeared in the top 25, as did Anna Bingemann whose clients count Claire Danes, Gwyneth Paltrow and Naomi Watts.

Rachel Zoe. Early life[edit] Zoe was born Rachel Zoe Rosenzweig in New York City, New York, the daughter of Leslie and Ron Rosenzweig. Zoe dropped her last name in favor of her middle when she began her career as a fashion stylist, as Rosenzweig sounded "too Jewish".[4] Zoe grew up in Millburn, New Jersey and graduated from Millburn High School.[5] She has a sister, Pamela Rosenzweig. She studied psychology and sociology at George Washington University where she met future husband Rodger Berman. After graduating, she moved to New York City to pursue a career in fashion.

Career[edit] Stylist Rachel Zoe began her career as an editor[citation needed] and has swiftly become one of the most influential people in the fashion industry[citation needed]. Zoe, with the help of reality TV star Nicole Richie, became the pioneer of the 'boho-chic' look. Other notable collaborations: In February, Swedish fashion retailer Lindex announced a collaboration with Rachel Zoe this spring. Reality show[edit] Rachel Zoe: Stylist, Editor & Designer. The Mirror - Anorexia. American Fitness Index. Fat tax. A fat tax is a tax or surcharge that is placed upon fattening food, beverages or individuals.[1] As an example of Pigovian taxation, a fat tax aims to discourage unhealthy diets and offset the economic costs of obesity.

A fat tax aims to decrease the consumption of foods that are linked to obesity. A related idea is to tax foods that are linked to increased risk of coronary heart disease. Numerous studies suggest that as the price of a food decreases, individuals get fatter.[2][3][4] In fact, eating behavior may be more responsive to price increases than to nutritional education.[5] Estimates suggest that a 1 cent per ounce tax on sugar-sweetened beverages may reduce the consumption of those beverages by 25%.[6] However, there is also evidence that obese individuals are less responsive to changes in the price of food than normal-weight individuals.[7] To implement a fat tax, it is necessary to specify which food and beverage products will be targeted. History[edit] Japan[edit] Starvation. According to the World Health Organization, hunger is the single gravest threat to the world's public health.[2] The WHO also states that malnutrition is by far the biggest contributor to child mortality, present in half of all cases.[2] Undernutrition is a contributory factor in the death of 3.1 million children under five every year.[3] Figures on actual starvation are difficult to come by, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the less severe condition of undernourishment currently affects about 842 million people, or about one in eight (12.5%) people in the world population.[4] The bloated stomach, as seen in the picture to the right, represents a form of malnutrition called kwashiorkor which is caused by insufficient protein despite a sufficient caloric intake.[5] Children are more vulnerable to kwashiorkor whose advanced symptoms include weight loss and muscle wasting.[5] Common causes[edit] Medical reasons Circumstantial causes Signs and symptoms[edit] Efforts[edit]

Gluttony. Gluttony, derived from the Latin gluttire meaning to gulp down or swallow, means over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or wealth items to the point of extravagance or waste. In some Christian denominations, it is considered one of the seven deadly sins—a misplaced desire of food or its withholding from the needy.

In Judaism[edit] According to the list of 613 commandments that Jews must keep according to the Rambam, gluttony or excessive eating or drinking is prohibited. It is listed as #169. Not to eat or drink like a glutton or a drunkard (not to rebel against father or mother)[Lev 19:26][Deut 21:20] (CCN106).[1] In Catholicism[edit] A woodcut representing Gluttony Church leaders from the ascetic Middle Ages took a more expansive view of gluttony: Pope Gregory I, a doctor of the Church, described the following ways by which one can commit sin of gluttony, and corresponding biblical examples for each of them:[2] 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The fifth way is worse than all others, said St.

How Social Networks Spread Eating Disorders. Eating Disorders: Spreading Globally like Wildfire | Quirky Cats – GNDS 125. Eating Disorders - effects, food, nutrition, body, diet, fat, vitamin, weight. Best Inpatient Eating Disorder Rehab Centers. Why we eat what we eat: social and economic determinants of food choice. Does Extremely Picky Eating in Adulthood Signal a Mental Disorder? Fat acceptance movement.

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10 Photos Of Plus-Size Models We Deserve A Pat On The Back For Running. (101) Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood. London Fashion Week - Home. Cibeles Madrid Fashion Week. Modelling scouts target anorexic patients - Health Articles. 6 Things Women's Magazines Still Want Us To Worry About. WANNA LOOK LIKE A COVER MODEL? Victoria Beckham. Gharani strok - London fashion label designing beautiful women's clothes. Joshi Clinic | Colonic Hydrotherapy London | A holistic approach to your well-being. VICTORIA BECKHAM. Matt Roberts | About Matt Roberts | Personal Training London | Gyms In London. Debbie Matenopoulos. Barry's Bootcamp - The Best Workout in the World. Gym, Health & Fitness Clubs in the US Market Research. Fitness Sector Trends.pdf (application/pdf Object) Focus :: Market Statistics. Fitness Industry Analysis 2013 - Cost & Trends | Franchise Help.

Advertising as science. Padma Lakshmi's WhiteStiletto Heels - Hardees Commercial. American Advertising: A Brief History. Fast Food Nation - Cities in the US that spend the most on Fast Food (Food Infographics) Kings Of Fast Food. Fast Food Restaurants in the US Market Research. Fast Food in the US. What does advertising do? Blogs - Adam Curtis - MADISON AVENUE.

The Psychology of Advertising. The Women of the Caesars/Tiberius and Agrippina. Enjoli - 1980. Teachers | Classroom Activity | Dying to Be Thin. Dying to Be Thin. Dying to Be Thin | Watch NOVA Online. Brené Brown | Profile on James R. Mahalik. Guilt (emotion) Shame.