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Category:Software development philosophies. Empowering Public Wisdom. Phronesis. Phronēsis ( Greek : φρόνησις) is the Greek word for wisdom or intelligence which is a common topic of discussion in philosophy .

Phronesis

In Aristotelian Ethics , for example in the Nicomachean Ethics it is distinguished from other words for wisdom and intellectual virtues – such as episteme and techne – as the virtue of practical thought. For this reason, when it is not simply translated by words meaning wisdom or intelligence, it is often translated as " practical wisdom ", and sometimes (more traditionally) as " prudence ", from Latin prudentia . Phronesis is also sometimes spelled Fronesis . [ edit ] Related concepts [ edit ] Intellectual. Category:Programming principles. TEDxCHUV - Henry Markram - Understanding the Human Brain: a test of global collaboration. Concept Mapping as a Tool for Group Problem Solving. Deliberatorium-intro.pdf (Objet application/pdf) PyBrain. TopQuadrant. OpenAi - - Creating the standard for Artificial Intelligence.

How will we build an artificial human brain? Crowd computing. Crowdcomputing Eric Brown, co-author of "The Effective CIO", coined the term "Crowdcomputing" in 2009.[1][dubious ] It is an overarching term which defines the myriad of tools that enable idea sharing, non-hierarchical decision making and the full utilization of the world’s massive "cognitive surplus”-the ability of the world’s population to collaborate on large, sometimes global projects. [2] Crowd computing brings together the strengths of crowdsourcing, automation and machine learning.

Crowd computing

Machine learning. Software agent. In computer science, a software agent is a computer program that acts for a user or other program in a relationship of agency, which derives from the Latin agere (to do): an agreement to act on one's behalf.

Software agent

Such "action on behalf of" implies the authority to decide which, if any, action is appropriate.[1][2] Related and derived concepts include intelligent agents (in particular exhibiting some aspect of artificial intelligence, such as learning and reasoning), autonomous agents (capable of modifying the way in which they achieve their objectives), distributed agents (being executed on physically distinct computers), multi-agent systems (distributed agents that do not have the capabilities to achieve an objective alone and thus must communicate), and mobile agents (agents that can relocate their execution onto different processors).

Concepts[edit] The basic attributes of a software agent are that agents Nwana's Category of Software Agent Distinguishing agents from programs[edit] Mathematicians Predict the Future With Data From the Past. Peter Turchin.

Mathematicians Predict the Future With Data From the Past

Image: Peter Turchin. In Isaac Asimov’s classic science fiction saga Foundation, mathematics professor Hari Seldon predicts the future using what he calls psychohistory. Drawing on mathematical models that describe what happened in the past, he anticipates what will happen next, including the fall of the Galactic Empire. Cleverbot.com - a clever bot - speak to an AI with some Actual Intelligence? Why Cognition-as-a-Service is the next operating system battlefield. The Semantic Web may have failed, but higher intelligence is coming to applications anyway, in another form: Cognition-as-a-Service (CaaS).

Why Cognition-as-a-Service is the next operating system battlefield

Cognitive Machines Offer Many Benefits to Humanity. Building cognitive machines that process information the same way a brain does has been the dream of neuroscientists for more than 50 years.

Cognitive Machines Offer Many Benefits to Humanity

Artificial intelligence, fuzzy logic, and neural networks have all shown some degrees of success, but by human standards, most machines are still considered ‘dumb’. However, as technologies continue to advance exponentially, this may change. Futurist Ray Kurzweil believes that by integrating machines into our bodies, we will soon experience a mindboggling future that today, might sound more like fiction than science.

He explains this in an interview on robot evolution, in the video below: The following examines different types of cognitive technologies, and the future they promise: SyNAPSE currently operates with 256 neurons, 262,144 synapses and 256 axons. Reverse-engineering the brain – researchers at the Blue Brain Project hope to reverse-engineer the human brain and construct an exact replica in silicon. Pattern recognition. Pattern recognition algorithms generally aim to provide a reasonable answer for all possible inputs and to perform "most likely" matching of the inputs, taking into account their statistical variation.

Pattern recognition

This is opposed to pattern matching algorithms, which look for exact matches in the input with pre-existing patterns. A common example of a pattern-matching algorithm is regular expression matching, which looks for patterns of a given sort in textual data and is included in the search capabilities of many text editors and word processors. In contrast to pattern recognition, pattern matching is generally not considered a type of machine learning, although pattern-matching algorithms (especially with fairly general, carefully tailored patterns) can sometimes succeed in providing similar-quality output to the sort provided by pattern-recognition algorithms.

Overview[edit] Pattern Recognition on the Web. Pattern recognition (psychology) The incoming sensory information is compared directly to copies (templates) stored in the long term memory.

Pattern recognition (psychology)

These copies are stored in the process of our past experiences and learning. E.g. A A A are all recognized as the letter A but not B. Note: This does not allow for variation in letters unless there are templates for each variation. Prototype means a concept of average characteristics of a particular subject. Anti-pattern. Trees to Network.... Junto_blueprint_gen002.png (Image PNG, 1024x1368 pixels)

Thinkbase - Message. Thinkbase: Mapping the World's Brain. If Freebase is an "open shared database of the world's knowledge," then Thinkbase (found via information aesthetics) is a mind map of the world's knowledge.

Thinkbase: Mapping the World's Brain

The interesting and incredibly addictive Freebase visualization and search tool is the brainchild of master's degree student Christian Hirsch at the University of Auckland. Thinkbase is one of the cool proof of concept applications built on top of Freebase that we mentioned last week. As we've mentioned here on RWW, Freebase is best suited for complex inferencing queries -- the type that expose relationships between various entities to figure out an answer. Things like, "What's the name of the actor who was in both "The Lord of the Rings" and "From Hell? " A Potential Federation of Emergent Platforms – Memetic Cartography. About Metamaps.cc Metamaps.cc is a free and open source web platform for changemakers, innovators, educators and students.

It enables individuals and communities to build and visualize their shared knowledge and unlock their collective intelligence. We're creating tools to help connect people, resources and ideas with rich detail and weave those relationships into actionable insights and stories. The platform is evolving for a range of applications amidst a growing network of designers, developers, practitioners, entrepreneurs, and artists. Metamaps.cc is created and maintained by a distributed, nomadic community comprised of technologists, artists and storytellers. A-Potential-Federation-of-Emergent-Platforms.jpg (Image JPEG, 4794x3287 pixels) - Redimensionnée (24%) Data 2 Wisdom - D.I.K.W.

Collective Wisdom Initiative.org. The Spirit of the Internet - Synopsis. Synopsis of The Spirit of the Internet Written by Lawrence Hagerty with the non-technical reader in mind, The Spirit of the Internet explains in everyday language how the Internet works, who is in charge, and some of its future possibilities.

The Spirit of the Internet - Synopsis

It also describes different aspects of "spirit," as manifest in the Internet community. Throughout the book,speculations about the Internet, the noosphere, virtual reality, shamanic plants, and other seemingly unrelated domains are woven into a fascinating tapestry of thought about the evolving Gaian consciousness that is beginning to envelop the planet. [1208.4091] Wisdom of groups promotes cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas.

PhiloComp: Philosophy and Computing. Welcome — LOD2 – Creating Knowledge out of Interlinked Data. Memetic Engineering. Memetic [meh-met-ik] engineering is a term developed and coined by Leveious Rolando, John Sokol, and Gibran Burchett while they researched and observed the behavior of people after being purposely exposed (knowingly and unknowingly) to certain memetic themes. The term is based on Richard Dawkins’ theory of memes (a proposed basic unit of cultural information). Memetic engineering refers to the process of developing memes, through ‘meme-splicing’ and ‘memetic synthesis,’ with the intent of altering the behavior of others in society or humanity; the process of creating and developing theories or ideologies based on an analytical study of societies, cultures, their ways of thinking and the evolution of their minds; and the process of modifying human beliefs, thought patterns, etc.

According to the theory, the effect a meme has on society is based on the application of the meme after understanding the qualities essential to the meme. Tutorial on Using Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) for HCI Research. Distributed thinking. A distributed thinking project is similar to distributed computing except that the human computer-user performs the relevant tasks. The tasks usually being unsuitable or extremely difficult for computers but very easy for humans. Examples include pattern recognition, proofreading, and certain types of error checking. Projects[edit] BossaIntro – BOINC. Bossa is an open-source software framework for distributed thinking - the use of volunteers on the Internet to perform tasks that use human cognition, knowledge, or intelligence. Bossa minimizes the effort of creating and operating a distributed thinking project. It provides a project web site, hosted on your Linux server, where volunteers go to perform tasks and to interact with other volunteers.

Proceedings Template - WORD. E-guestbook: David McCandless. DIKWchain.pdf (Objet application/pdf) Abaque de Régnier. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. En management et gestion de groupe, un abaque de Régnier est un outil visuel d'aide à la prise de décision facilitant la négociation collective. Inventé en 1973 par François Régnier, docteur en médecine, les premières versions étaient en dur, constituées d'une grille et de cubes dont les six faces étaient colorées. Son informatisation permet un traitement plus rapide des informations. Principe de l'abaque[modifier | modifier le code] À un groupe de personnes, pouvant aller de moins de dix (pour le groupe restreint) à plusieurs centaines (s'il s'agit d'une forme de sondage), on propose une série d'affirmations. 撥亂反正. Knowledge extraction. "A bad plan is better than no plan"

Wisdom of Crowds. Stigmergy. Spontaneous order. Spontaneous orders are to be distinguished from organizations. Norman Barry, The Tradition of Spontaneous Order. Word & text monitoring. Theorie de l'information.pdf. Information theory. Overview[edit] The main concepts of information theory can be grasped by considering the most widespread means of human communication: language. Two important aspects of a concise language are as follows: First, the most common words (e.g., "a", "the", "I") should be shorter than less common words (e.g., "roundabout", "generation", "mediocre"), so that sentences will not be too long. Mining Data-text-web. [1205.2026] Complexity and Information: Measuring Emergence, Self-organization, and Homeostasis at Multiple Scales.

On genes, memes, bemes, and conscious things. 5 Transformational Forces That Should Be Driving The Social Sector (But Aren’t) Hybrid Wisdom Labs. Collaborative Discovery Hybrid Wisdom offers the Social Enterprise a next generation approach to online brainstorming and generating insightful solutions: Collaborative Discovery . Collaborative Discovery has two key benefits over existing social innovation tools: scale and speed . Hybrid Wisdom app. Computers match humans in understanding art. Understanding and evaluating art has widely been considered as a task meant for humans, until now.

Computer scientists Lior Shamir and Jane Tarakhovsky of Lawrence Technological University in Michigan tackled the question "can machines understand art? " The individual and social dynamics of knowledge sharing: an exploratory study. Human-based computation. Human-based computation (HBC) is a computer science technique in which a machine performs its function by outsourcing certain steps to humans. How Twitter Gets In The Way Of Knowledge. Information retrieval.

[0807.0023] Automatic Metadata Generation using Associative Networks. Category:Information retrieval.