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Vocabulary - B2

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Camden Fashion. Presented by Carmen: Camden Market is made up of many different markets.

Camden Fashion

The first market was called Camden Lock because it was next to the canal. It first opened in 1972 and is now one of the largest markets in the UK. Half a million people visit Camden market each week. And with hundreds of stalls, there’s something for everyone. Everyone knows what punk fashion is but 30 years ago it didn’t even exist. Punks were young people who were anti-government, anti-popular music and anti-fashion.

Punks created their own cheap fashion with torn clothes, safety pins and spiky hair. Punk fashion is still here today and it’s still about rejecting ordinary fashion and standing out, but there are lots of ways of looking different. LearnEnglishTeens. The Queen, and her family, are well-known worldwide.

LearnEnglishTeens

This is in part due to the influence of the British Empire; during the colonial era, many countries across the globe were under British rule. People often said that "the sun never sets on the British Empire" - this was because due to the expanse of the British Empire, the sun would always be shining on one of its territories. Whilst the British Empire has ceased to exist, the formation of the Commonwealth of Nations means that Queen Elizabeth 2nd is the monarch, or ruler, of countries besides just those that make up the United Kingdom. Babysitting: harder than it looks. Most people assume that babysitting is one of the easiest jobs available for young people.

Babysitting: harder than it looks

Many imagine a bored teenager putting a few well-behaved children to bed at 9 o'clock and then continuing to watch television until the parents return home to hand over some money. Well, I can tell you how wrong that stereotype is. As I only work three days a week in France, I decided that a good way to get out of the house – and earn some extra money – would be to look for a babysitting job. I looked after children a lot when I was at school, and I remembered it as being quite easy. I now work all day on a Wednesday for a Ukranian family with three young boys. Now, four months later, I get home at the end of the day absolutely exhausted! Being a babysitter requires you to take on a hundred different roles throughout the day. Despite the exhaustion involved in my job, I usually do enjoy it. Boarding schools in the UK: Class. Multicultural Britain.

This is Southall Broadway in West London.

Multicultural Britain

This area has one of the largest Asian populations in London. The United Kingdom is an ethnically diverse country with many different communities that reflects the multicultural nature of Britain. Many British people’s families originally come from overseas. Over the centuries, people from around the world have come to live here. The first significant wave of immigrants arrived by ship from Jamaica in 1948.

In the 1950s and 60s, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani families made Britain their home. This cultural variety makes Britain a vibrant place to be, but it’s not without its problems. Sunny Grewel and his father Avinda live in Southall. Nick: Avinda, what was life like when you first came here? Heritage tourism. In Victorian times, Britain was famous for producing things; it was known as ‘the workshop of the world’.

Heritage tourism

I’m travelling to York to find out how this industrial past is still important for a newer industry: tourism. Before planes, trains and cars, this was one of the best ways to travel. Rivers and canals played a very important role during the Industrial Revolution. Barges like this were the lorries of their day, transporting coal to the factories and finished products around the country. Now they’re used for leisure and many canals have become a focus for cafes, restaurants and art galleries. Amandeep: Thank you for the lift. Bargee: Thank you. Amandeep: Steam trains replaced the canal boats and became great symbols of Britain’s industrial past. There is a huge collection of them here at the National Railway Museum. The museum has its own workshed where engineers restore these incredible machines to their former glory.

Amandeep: Chris, how much work goes into restoring these trains?