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Transport Transport is one of the European Union's (EU) foremost common policies. It is governed by Title VI (Articles 90 to 100) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
Road transport is the principal means of transport in the European Union for both passengers and goods. Today, the European Union has almost one vehicle for every two residents, and road freight traffic represents more than two thirds of the total tonnage. European Union action focuses essentially on controlling the multiple costs of road transport. Transport development must comply with safety requirements as well as environmental protection.
This directive updates certain technical provisions of Directive 1999/36/EC to avoid conflicting rules. It sets out detailed rules on transportable pressure equipment * to improve safety and to ensure free movement of such equipment within the European Union (EU). This directive applies to: new transportable pressure equipment which does not bear the conformity markings provided for in Directives 84/525/EEC , 84/526/EEC , 84/527/EEC or 1999/36/EC , for the purpose of making it available on the market; transportable pressure equipment bearing the conformity markings provided for in the above directives, for the purposes of its periodic inspections, intermediate inspections, exceptional checks and use; transportable pressure equipment which does not bear the conformity markings provided for in Directive 1999/36/EC, for the purposes of reassessment of conformity. This directive does not apply to:
Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods. This directive applies to the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail or inland waterway within European Union (EU) countries or between several EU countries. The directive shall not apply to the transport of dangerous goods: by vehicles, wagons or vessels belonging to or under the responsibility of the armed forces; by seagoing vessels on maritime waterways forming part of inland waterways; by ferries only crossing an inland waterway or harbour; wholly performed within the perimeter of an enclosed area. EU countries have the right to regulate or prohibit, strictly for reasons other than safety during transport, the transport of dangerous goods within their own territory. They may also set down specific safety requirements for the national and international transport of dangerous goods within their own territory with regards to:
Council Directive 95/50/EC of 6 October 1995 on uniform procedures for checks on the transport of dangerous goods by road [ See amending acts ]. This directive applies to checks carried out by European Union (EU) countries on the transport of dangerous goods by road in vehicles travelling in their territory or entering it from a third country. It does not apply to the transport of dangerous goods under the responsibility of the armed forces.
Among the different modes of transport, air transport has experienced the fastest growth. However, it must overcome the problem of its infrastructures becoming saturated. The European Union is therefore committed to modernising and adapting the infrastructure to increasing passenger flows, whilst also improving their rights and safety. In order to do this, the Union is working to implement the Single European Sky.
Council Directive 96/67/EC of 15 October 1996 on access to the groundhandling market at Community airports [ See amending acts ]. The Directive applies to all Community airports open to commercial traffic whose annual traffic is not less than two million passenger movements or 50 000 tonnes of cargo. The managing body of an airport * , the airport user * or the supplier * of groundhandling services must, under the supervision of the designated auditor, rigorously separate the accounts of their groundhandling activities from the accounts of their other activities. In parallel, the Member States may:
No specific safety requirements for fueling by Mar 15
Directive 2001/95/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 3 December 2001 on general product safety [Official Journal L 11 of 15.1.2002]. This Directive applies in the absence of specific European regulations, governing the safety of certain categories of products or if specific regulations (sectoral) are insufficient. Furthermore, it is to be applied without prejudice to Directive 85/374/EEC concerning liability for defective products . General safety requirement The Directive imposes a general safety requirement on any product put on the market for consumers or likely to be used by them, including all products that provide a service.
The objective of foodstuff labelling is to guarantee that consumers have access to complete information on the content and composition of products, in order to protect their health and their interests. Other information may provide details on a particular aspect of the product, such as its origin or production method. Some foodstuffs, such as genetically modified organisms, allergenic foods, foods intended for infants or even various beverages, are also subject to specific regulations. Labelling of certain non-food products must also contain particular information, in order to guarantee their safe use and allow consumers to exercise real choice. In addition, the packaging of foodstuffs must adhere to production criteria in order to avoid contaminating food products. <p style="text-align:right;color:#A8A8A8"></p>
This common framework for the marketing of products sets out: common definitions; common conformity assessment procedures; obligations for economic operators (manufacturers, importers and distributors); rules for the use of the EC marking, thereby making it possible to increase trust in the products marketed in the EU; notification criteria for the conformity assessment bodies; safeguard procedures. The common framework will be a toolbox for future sectoral regulations on the approximation of legislation ( harmonisation ). It draws on the new approach , according to which legislation shall be restricted to the setting of essential requirements and use of harmonised standards . As far as possible, future sectoral legislation must therefore draw on the provisions of this Decision and define essential requirements for the marketing of products. Where necessary, specific legislation may nevertheless offer other solutions.
This Regulation envisages the laying down of clear rules on the organisation and operation of accreditation , in the Member States, of conformity assessment bodies performing assessment of any substance, preparation or other product, transformed or not, to be placed on the Community market. It is important to guarantee a high level of market surveillance in order to satisfy the requirements of protection of public interests such as health and safety in general, health and safety in the workplace, protection of consumers, the environment and security. These rules reinforce the existing system, without weakening existing instruments such as the General Product Safety Directive , which has on the whole been successful.
Single Market for Goods The free movement of goods, with the objective of ensuring trade within the European Union, is one of the cornerstones of the internal market. Provided for by the Treaty establishing the European Community, it offers businesses the advantage of larger markets and European citizens a wider choice at lower prices in an open and competitive area. Free movement applies under the same conditions for all goods circulating within the EU, including those from third countries, with the exception of those posing risks to consumers, public health or the environment. The ban on measures restricting imports and exports between Member States and the principle of mutual recognition ensure compliance under the monitoring of the Commission.
Directive 2006/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (codified version) (Text with EEA relevance). This Directive aims at ensuring that electrical equipment may be placed on the market only if it does not, when installed and maintained, endanger the safety of persons, domestic animals or property, and at promoting the free movement of this equipment in the European Union. Scope
This Directive aims to harmonise the national legislation of Member States concerning the design, manufacture, testing and conformity assessment of: pressure equipment; assemblies of pressure equipment constituting an integrated whole. It seeks to ensure that the relevant equipment in the European Union (EU) and certain other associated countries, such as those in the European Economic Area (EEA), can be placed on the market freely. Scope The Directive's provisions apply to equipment subject to a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0.5 bar (i.e. 0.5 bar above atmospheric pressure) that poses a hazard due to pressure. The Directive does not apply to: