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The pace of life in the second decade of the 20th century was one that was decidedly faster than those before. The automobile was already an established part of life and the airplane was finding a place in transportation beyond that of a novelty. Motion pictures were becoming competitive with the stage and advertising was becoming more inclined to send out modern, go get 'em messages.
World War I ( WWI ) was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. It was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until the start of World War II in 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter. It involved all the world's great powers , [ 5 ] which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom , France and Russia ) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany , Austria-Hungary and Italy ; but, as Austria–Hungary had taken the offensive against the agreement, Italy did not enter into the war). [ 6 ] These alliances were both reorganised and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.
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A remarkable number of well known authors were ambulance drivers during World War I. Among them were Ernest Hemingway, John Dos Passos, E.E. Cummings, and Somerset Maugham. Robert Service, the writer of Yukon poetry including The Shooting of Dan McGrew , and Charles Nordhoff, co-author of Mutiny On the Bounty , drove ambulances in the Great War. At least 23 well known literary figures drove ambulances in the First World War.
The " Lost Generation " was the generation that came of age during World War I . The term was popularized by Ernest Hemingway who used it as one of two contrasting epigraphs for his novel, The Sun Also Rises . In that volume Hemingway credits the phrase to Gertrude Stein , who was then his mentor and patron. In A Moveable Feast , which was published after both Hemingway and Stein were dead and after a literary feud that lasted much of their life, Hemingway reveals that the phrase was actually originated by the garage owner who serviced Stein's car. When a young mechanic failed to repair the car in a way satisfactory to Stein, the garage owner shouted at the boy, "You are all a " génération perdue. " [ 1 ] :29 Stein, in telling Hemingway the story, added, "That is what you are.
Henry John "Harry" Patch (17 June 1898 – 25 July 2009), dubbed in his latter years "the Last Fighting Tommy ", was a British supercentenarian , briefly the oldest man in Europe and the last surviving soldier known to have fought in the trenches of the First World War. [ 1 ] Patch was, with Claude Choules and Florence Green , one of the last three surviving British veterans of the First World War and, along with Frank Buckles and John Babcock , one of the last known five veterans worldwide. At the time of his death, aged 111 years, 38 days, Patch was the verified third-oldest man in the world, the oldest man in Europe and the 69th oldest man . [ edit ] Biography Patch was born in the village of Combe Down , near Bath, Somerset , England.
Radiohead's Thom Yorke ... a desolate lament for the late war veteran Harry Patch. Photograph: Mark Allan Those who tuned into Radio 4 this morning (Wednesday 5 August), received a nice surprise. At five to nine, Radiohead premiered their brand new song, a tribute to the late Harry Patch, the first world war veteran who died last month.
Home > song lyrics > Harry Patch Lyrics (In Memory of) Radiohead Lyrics for “Harry Patch (In Memory of)” by Radiohead, The song is dedicated to the recently deceased war veteran Harry Patch. The song was sold direct from Radiohead’s website for £1, with proceeds donated to the British Legion I am the only one that got through The others died where ever they fell It was an ambush They came up from all sides Give your leaders each a gun and then let them fight it out themselves I've seen devils coming up from the ground I've seen hell upon this earth The next will be chemical but they will never learn
Two of the last British survivors of World War I have died. Henry Allingham's funeral took place last week, with the funeral of Harry Patch taking place today. To mark the occasion, we asked Poet Laureate Carol Ann Duffy and National Poet of Wales Gillian Clarke to write a poem. By Gillian Clarke
" Last Post " is a poem written by Carol Ann Duffy , the Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom , in 2009. It was commissioned by the BBC to mark the deaths of Henry Allingham and Harry Patch , two of the last three surviving British veterans from the First World War , and was first broadcast on the BBC Radio 4 programme Today on 30 July 2009, the date of Allingham's funeral. The poem, named after the " Last Post " (the bugle call used at British ceremonies remembering those killed in war), makes explicit references to Wilfred Owen 's poem from the First World War Dulce et Decorum Est .
Poets, from ancient times, have written about war. It is the poet's obligation, wrote Plato, to bear witness. In modern times, the young soldiers of the first world war turned the horrors they endured and witnessed in trench combat - which slaughtered them in their millions - into a vividly new kind of poetry , and most of us, when we think of "war poetry" will find the names of Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon coming first to our lips, with Ivor Gurney, Isaac Rosenberg, Rupert Brooke ... What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
Personifications of Germany, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and the United Kingdom attempting to keep the lid on the simmering cauldron of imperialist and nationalist tensions in the Balkans to prevent a general European war. They were successful in 1912 and 1913 but did not succeed in 1914. The causes of World War I , which began in central Europe in late July 1914, included intertwined factors, such as the conflicts and hostility of the four decades leading up to the war. Militarism , alliances , imperialism , and nationalism played major roles in the conflict as well. The immediate origins of the war, however, lay in the decisions taken by statesmen and generals during the Crisis of 1914 , casus belli for which was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by Gavrilo Princip , an irredentist Serb . [ 1 ]
The greatest naval battle of the First World War. Jutland had all the ingredients to be a great British naval victory, but in the event the result was much less clear-cut. The recently appointed commander of the German High Seas Fleet, Reinhard Scheer , had returned to the policy of making sorties against the British coast, confident that his codes were secure, and thus that the main British battle fleet, at Scapa Flow in the north of Scotland could not intervene. However, the British could read German coded messages, and were aware of Scheer's plan. At the end of May, Scheer sortied with the entire High Seas Fleet, expected that the only serious threat he would meet was Admiral Beatty's battle cruiser squadron based on the Forth. Unfortunately for his plan, the Royal Navy knew he was coming, and the Grand Fleet sailed only minutes after the High Seas Fleet.
This section will display political cartoons from the First World War. Some cartoons are patriotic, while others express a cynical view of the war and its waste. The British cartoons emphasized the unflappable poise and urbanity of the British public and soldiers in the face of German atrocities. The so-called Rape of Belgium under German occupation was a main target of Allied propaganda cartoons. While German treatment of civilians in occupied territories was far from gentle, it was kind in comparison to later brutalities perpetrated by the Nazis during World War 2. The Kaiser and to some lesser extent the Emperor of Austria-Hungary were also favourite targets of caricatures.