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Native American Folklore

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Coyote Stories/Poems. Coyote in mythology. Coyote canoeing, in a traditional story. Coyote is a mythological character common to many Native American cultures, based on the coyote (Canis latrans) animal. This character is usually male and is generally anthropomorphic although he may have some coyote-like physical features such as fur, pointed ears, yellow eyes, a tail and claws. The myths and legends which include Coyote vary widely from culture to culture. Coyote shares many traits with the mythological figure Raven. By culture[edit] The coyote (Canis latrans), the animal on which the myths are based Coyote is a figure in the following cultural areas of the Americas, as commonly defined by ethnographers: California[edit] Great Plains[edit] Coyote is seen in the cultural heritage of these people of the Great Plains area: the Crow mythology (Crow Nation), the Ho-Chunk mythology (Ho-Chunk, Winnebago), and the Menominee.

Plateau[edit] Southwest[edit] Functional cognates[edit] Coyote in the modern world[edit] References[edit] Coyote as a Trickster - "It all has to come from inside, though, I guess." -Jimi Hendrix. The Coyote is the traditional Native American Trickster figure and a symbol in Native American culture and oral tradition. He is a commonly-seen character in many Native American stories and myths. What exactly is a Trickster figure?

He is very difficult, if not impossible, to define. According to S.E. Schlosser of ‘Tricksters: Native American Trickster Tales and other Trickster Folklore’: “A Trickster is a mischievous or roguish figure in myth or folklore who typically makes up for physical weakness with cunning and subversive humor. The website “American Passages - Unit 8. In the antics of the Coyote Trickster, people sometimes learn more about their own weaknesses and foolishness. “He is often fooled and astonished by the outcome of his own pranks. However, because he is a Trickster figure, he is not all bad. Native American. Free eBooks: Native American Folklore (Kindle Nook iPad PDF EPub Html) DigitalBookIndex. Kurukshetra War. The Kurukshetra War is a mythological war described in the Indian epic Mahābhārata as a conflict that arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins of an Indo-Aryan kingdom called Kuru, the Kauravas and Pandavas, for the throne of Hastinapura.

It involved a number of ancient kingdoms participating as allies of the rival groups. The location of the battle is described as having occurred in Kurukshetra in the modern state of Haryana in India. The conflict is believed to form an essential component of an ancient work called Jaya and hence the epic Mahābhārata. Mahābhārata states that the war started on Kartheeka Bahula Amavasya (the end of the Kartheeka and the start of the Margasira lunar month), moon on Jyesta star, on Tuesday early morning. A solar eclipse also happened on that day and this Muhurtha was kept by Krishna himself. The Bhagavad Gita was told on that early morning, before the war began. Historical context[edit] B. Background[edit] Combatants[edit]

Maidu Legends (Folklore, Myths, and Traditional Indian Stories) Chinigchinix. Chingichngish (also spelled Chinigchinix, Chinigchinich, Changitchnish, etc.) also known as Quaoar (also Qua-o-ar, Kwawar, etc.) and by other names including Ouiamot, Tobet and Saor is the name of an important figure in the mythology of the so-called Mission Indians of coastal Southern California, a group of Takic-speaking peoples, today divided into the Payomkowishum (Luiseño), Tongva (Gabrieliño and Fernandeño), and Acjachemem (Juaneño) tribes or peoples.

In 2002, a large Trans-Neptunian object was named Quaoar after the this deity. Names[edit] The name Ouiamot is ostensibly similar to Wiyot (Ouiot), the name of another important figure, the primeval tyrant killed just before the appearance of Chinigchinix. Ouiamot is possibly to be taken as Ouiamot the childhood name of Chinigchinix.[1] The name Quaoar was first recorded by Hugo Reid in his 1852 description of Tongva, in the spelling Qua-o-ar. Both the Tongva mythology and language are recorded only fragmentarily. Mythology[edit] Ohlone mythology. The Chochenyo (Chocheño) mythology of the San Francisco Bay Area has a strong culture hero figure named Kaknu, coyote's grandson, who is an anthropomorphic and closely resembles a peregrine falcon.

Creation stories[edit] Rumsen (Coyote, Eagle, Hummingbird)[edit] One Ohlone creation myth begins with the demise of a previous world: When it was destroyed, the world was covered entirely in water, apart from a single peak, Pico Blanco (north of Big Sur) in the Rumsien version (or Mount Diablo in the northern Ohlone's version) on which Coyote, Hummingbird, and Eagle stood. "When the water rose to their feet" the eagle carried them all to Sierra de Gabilin (near Fremont) where they waited "for the water to go down" and the world to dry out.

Coyote was sent to investigate and found it was dry now.[1] After the flood, the eagle led Coyote to a beautiful girl inside or in the river and instructed him "she will be your wife in order that people may be raised again. " Rumsen (Eagle and Hawk)[edit] Miwok mythology. A coyote. Creation of the World[edit] First People[edit] The Miwok believed there existed a "people who lived before real people" who in some tales have died out, in others are the same as the supernatural animal spirits.[2] Several creation fragments exist detailing Coyote's place in the family of the "first spirits" on earth. According to the Coast Miwok, Coyote was the declared grandfather of the Falcon. There existed animal spirits and a few star-people spirits.[3] From the Sacramento river area the Miwok gave the following names of the first spirits: O-let'-te Coyote-man, the CreatorMol'-luk the Condor, father of Wek'-wekWek'-wek the Falcon, son of Mol'-luk and grandson of O-let'-teHul'-luk mi-yum'-ko the two beautiful women chiefs of the Star-peopleOs-so-so'-li Pleiades, one of the Star-womenKe'-lok the North GiantHoo-soo'-pe the Mermaids or Water-maidens, sisters of Wek'-wekChoo'-hoo the Turkey BuzzardKok'-kol the RavenAh-wet'-che the CrowKoo-loo'-loo the Humming-bird[4] Context[edit]

Miwok Legends (Folklore, Myths, and Traditional Indian Stories)