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Types of humus in soils. Humus occurs in soils in many types, differentates in regard to morphology and fractional composition. A type of humus is it a morphological form of naturals accumulation of humic substances in profile or on the surface of soil, conditioned by general direction of soil-forming process and humification of organic matter. A types of humus in terrestrial enviroment are following: mor moder mull Mor is a type of humus, which occur largely in coniferous forest soils and the moorlands soils.

This humus arise under conditions of low-biological activity in soil. Organic matter proceed slowly and create layers, which maintain a structure of vegatable material.Acidophilic fungi and low activeinvertebrates participates in transformations of plant residues. Under these circumstances forms a litter of large thickness. Always more than 20, or even 30-40, whereas pH is acid. Moder is a transitional form of humus between mull and moder, characteristic for Moder is a type of medium humified humus. Habitat. Self Sufficiency.

Gardens Delight. Ecohabitat. Humane Ecology. Land Water BioMass. Recycle Reuse. Eco Solutions. Earth Scientia. Mini Agros. Stella Natura 2015 Biodynamic Planting Calendar and Planting Guide – What is Biodynamic Agriculture? Sherry Wildfeuer What do you think a human being really is? Your answer to this question will determine the character of your actions towards other people. If you conceive of yourself and all humans as wisely fashioned divine creations with a capacity for love which can only be achieved through one's own activity, you will be more likely to take an interest in other people and their development. If you see humanity as an accidental product of physical processes occurring randomly in the universe, it may be more difficult to find the motivation for earnest and consistent work on yourself and for others.

Biodynamic agriculture springs from a spiritual world view known as Anthroposophy. Rudolf Steiner gave a series of lectures in 1924 in response to questions brought by farmers who noticed even then a deterioration in seed quality and animal fertility. Does one have to study other works by Rudolf Steiner to understand Biodynamics? Broaden Your Perspective Cosmic Rhythms A New View of Nutrition. Seeds at Risk in AgroBusiness. Agros Technica. Agros Cultura.

New Organica. O Cultura. Soil Amendments. How to start a compost pile in 4 steps. Now is the perfect time to start a compost pile. You can do it fancy or simple. And if you know me, you know I always prefer simple. Compost is the most important thing you can use in your garden to improve your land’s fertility (lawn, garden, and landscape), get rid of kitchen and yard waste efficiently, and save time and money. The only science involved is the science of decomposition — when things decompose, they turn into the most potent, valuable fertilizer on the market. Why buy it in the store when you can make it at home for free? Step 1: Figure out where to put it, and if you need to put it in something. If you are lucky to live on a nice patch of land, you can simply make a compost pile in a back corner somewhere. Step 2: Start collecting stuff to put on your pile. From outside the house, you can put weeds (but not poison ivy please), leaves, old dying plant material, and garden waste.

Step 3: Wait. Step 4: Use it. Related on MNN: How to troubleshoot your compost pile. The science of compost. Composting at home is fairly straightforward, but can go wrong quickly, and your nose knows when the compost container isn’t working properly. A functioning compost pile should smell faintly like warm earth. There are several causes of foul-smelling compost, and several practical solutions. Mark King is a compost expert with the division of solid waste management at the Maine Department of Environmental Protection. He said all stinky compost problems come down to “breakdowns in pile management,” largely due to neglect. “Many people read how easy it is to compost and tend to think you can just toss stuff into a pile and in six to 12 months you will have compost,” King said. Though compost may seem like magic, it relies on little critters — either microbes or worms. “Microbes rely upon a balance of carbon and nitrogen. If the mix is right, the microbes produce compost, carbon dioxide and water vapor.

King recommends taking the temperature of a compost pile. Add more carbon. </li></ul>*} Can compost kill? Before we get started, let me get this disclosure out of the way: I love compost. From peeing on my garden mulch to composting the waste from my house move, I've written prolifically about my adventures in rotting biomass. I never fail to be amazed how nature’s regenerative powers can take dead, rotting waste, and cycle it back into life-enhancing black gold.

Is compost the enemy? As an enthusiast, I've always been confused by the idea that anyone could not love compost. Some even see it as a threat to our health, well-being and way of life. Take this impassioned, if grammatically challenged, article warning of Danger Mulch & Compost Environmental Danger [sic]: "DANGER: Environmental Organic, Gardening with Mulching Composting Can Kill You! So what’s the deal? Is my beloved compost pile really just a deadly source of contagion, ready to claim its next victim?

Yes ... and no. Aspergillus spores, fungus, mold and meningitis Aspergillus risk overblown Composting industry safety Related on MNN: 75 Things You Can Compost, But Thought You Couldn't - Planet Green. The basics of composting are simple. Most people know they can compost fruit and vegetable peels, leaves, and grass clippings. But what about that tea bag you used this morning? Or the fur that collects in the brush when you groom your cat? The following list is meant to get you thinking about your compost possibilities. Not every item on the list is for everyone, and that's fine. Imagine how much trash we could prevent from going into the landfills if each of us just decided to compost a few more things.

From the Kitchen 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. From the Bathroom 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 100% Cotton cotton balls 36. Personal Items It might be a good idea to bury these items in your pile. 37. 38. From the Laundry Room 39. 40. 41. From the Office 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. Around the House 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. Party and Holiday Supplies 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. Pet-Related 68. 69. 70. How to become a composting guru. Composting. Coffee compost. If you are a big coffee drinker and are just getting into composting, use your grounds as a fantastic, free, natural fertilizer. (And if you ever have cold, leftover coffee in the pot, go ahead and pour that directly onto your garden or lawn, too.) You’re right that grounds can be a teensy bit acidic (though used grounds are far less acidic than raw grounds), so they’re great for clay-based alkaline soils.

Or sprinkle the grounds over acid-loving plants (which like a low pH of around 4 or 5) like azaleas, rhododendrons, potatoes, and blueberries. If your soil is on the more acidic side, and you’re not interested in growing any acid-loving plants, just temper the acidity of your grounds by throwing them in the compost heap instead of directly on your garden. And guess what else? Coffee grounds are… wait for it… a natural slug repellent, so they’re a rich fertilizer and effective pesticide in one. Story by Tobin Hack.

Copyright Environ Press 2008. The ultimate urban composting guide. If the idea of composting fills your head with images of a large backyard and a big compost bin, it's time to rethink what composting means. Today, everyone can compost — even if you live in a bustling urban center. If you think your city balcony is too small for composting, think again. Even a fire escape is big enough for a small compost bin. There are many compost options that allow city dwellers to save valuable landfill space. Read on to learn how to compost in the city — without attracting pests or creating a bad smell. Bins, pails and buckets Newfangled compost bins are perfect for city dwellers. If you're living in a small space where moisture and bad odors proliferate quickly, it's imperative to buy a compost pail with a carbon filter.

Vermiculture Worms are fascinating creates that immensely enjoy your leftover food scraps. Yes, I know what you're thinking: "No way am going to keep a bin full of worms on my balcony! Guerrilla composting Smells, pests and other concerns. Battling for the decomposed crown. Here's an interesting new form of product vetting from respected green web retailer/lifestyle company/yoga mat peddler, Gaiam: a heated Compost-Off where two composters (there was initially four in the running) are tested in the Gaiam gardens to see which has the most functional, easy-to-use design and performs the best.

The illustrious champion will be added to Gaiam's already healthy roster of composters available for sale. The two decomposition devices duking it out are the Bio-Orb and the Earthmaker. In the below video, Gaiam's brightly gloved judges, Jessica and Nicole, assess which composter has the leading edge. The parched, slow-acting Earthmaker's composting prowess seems to disappoint while the plenty-wet Bio-Orb is working so well that it nearly makes Nicole vomit on the spot.

If swarming flies and gagging are signs of a winning composter design, than it looks like the Bio-Orb has the leading edge. In the Field: Creating compost on a massive scale. What happens when the fruit and veggies at your local grocery store go bad? Farmer D goes to Athens, Ga. and talks with two colleagues about transforming thousands of pounds of green waste each week into Farmer D Organic Compost. Learn more about Farmer D and his partnership with Whole Foods stores.

(Nick Scott/MNN) Farmer D: Hi, I am Farmer D. I want to talk to Charles for a minute here about how you get this product to us. Charles: We gather about 50,000-60,000 pounds of the trimmings from the fruits and vegetables, all natural and organic, and we gather it up and put it in our compost bins and bring it down and do two loads weekly.

Farmer D: Mark's been composting for a long time and is passionate about it. Mark: Well, I grew up with two parents that gardened quite a bit, so it was kind of in my blood, playing in the soil. Farmer D: What would you tell a group of school kids about compost? Mark: It is the stuff that we came from. Farmer D: There is no such thing as "away. " 30 things you should never compost or recycle. Remember the good ol' days — back when we only had one bin for trash? In retrospect, those days were actually more wasteful than good. We sent things to the landfill that might have nourished our yards, and buried them side-by-side with materials that should have been reclaimed and put back in the production chain.

Today, most of us have two bins: one for compost and another for recycling. They're great for reducing curbside trash, but not everything is suitable for those bins. We've rounded up 30 things people mistakenly try to compost or recycle. In the case of composting, we chose items generally avoided by experienced compost gurus. Bread products: This includes cakes, pasta and most baked goods. Cooking oil: Smells like food to animal and insect visitors. Diseased plants: Trash them, instead. Heavily coated or printed paper: This is a long list, including magazines, catalogs, printed cards and most printed or metallic wrapping paper. Sawdust: So tempting.