Malva. Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual, biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear the common English name mallow. The genus is widespread throughout the temperate, subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Europe. The word "mallow" is derived from Old English "malwe", which was imported from Latin "malva", cognate with Ancient Greek μαλάχη (malakhē) meaning "mallow", both perhaps reflecting a Mediterranean term. A number of species, previously considered to belong to Lavatera, have been moved to Malva.
The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed. The flowers are from 0.5–5 cm diameter, with five pink or white petals. The colour mauve was in 1859 named after the French name for this plant. Cultivation and uses Many species are edible as leaf vegetables and commonly foraged in the West. History Species list References Juniperus virginiana. Juniperus virginiana — its common names include red cedar, eastern red-cedar, eastern redcedar, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar — is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. Further west it is replaced by the related Juniperus scopulorum (Rocky Mountain Juniper) and to the southwest by Juniperus ashei (Ashe Juniper). In the Lakota language, its name is Chansha, "redwood" or Hante'.
In its native range it is commonly called "cedar" or "red cedar," names rejected by the American Joint Committee on Horticultural Nomenclature  as it is formally classified as a juniper, not a true cedar. Notwithstanding this, "red cedar" is by far its most commonly used name. Description Juniperus virginiana foliage and mature cones There are two varieties, which intergrade where they meet: Ecology Characteristic shape in old field succession Uses
Avena fatua. Avena fatua is a species of grass in the oat genus. It is known as the common wild oat. This oat is native to Eurasia but it has been introduced to most of the other temperate regions of the world. It is naturalized in some areas and considered a noxious weed in others. It is a typical oat in appearance, a green grass with hollow, erect stems 1 to 4 feet tall bearing nodding panicles of spikelets. The long dark green leaves are up to a centimeter wide and rough due to small hairs. Weed Gallery: Wild oat--UC IPM. Click on images to enlarge Wild oat is an erect, cool season annual grass with open-branched, nodding flower clusters.
It is found throughout California, except for the Sonoran Desert (low desert), up to 3900 feet (1200 m) and has been well established here since the late 1700s. Its expansion in its new range has given rise to many genetically distinct ecotypes. Wild oat inhabits agricultural lands and other disturbed areas. It makes good forage for livestock.
Habitat Grassland, crop fields, orchards, vineyards, gardens, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. Seedling Seedlings have hairy leaves, like hare barley, Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinum. Mature plant The sturdy, mature plant grows to about 4 feet (1.2 m) tall. Collar region Wild oat has a tall, membranous ligule with a rounded, jagged top. Flowers Wild oats are in bloom mostly from March through June. Reproduction Reproduces by seed. Related or similar plants More information. Eating Wild Mustard | Preparedness Advice Blog. Learn about the plants in your area. I live in Northern California and every spring you see acres of yellow flowers. Most people ignore them, but a few know that you are looking at wild mustard.
They are good to eat and you can make mustard from them. Some people eat the flowering tops just before they open. To Cook, wash the greens well and cook in salted water. The seeds are black and can be used to make mustard. Chickens and the rabbits love the dried stalks as a treat in the spring and summer. Wild Mustard grows in most of the U.S. Mustard plants are most easily identified by their small and plentiful yellow flowers, growing in clusters atop a long stem. If you have any doubts as to the identity of the plants I recommend you review the video at the following link A good rule in foraging for wild plants is to always find a local expert to learn from, there are lots of poisonous plants out there. Howard. Raphanus raphanistrum. Raphanus raphanistrum, wild radish or jointed charlock, is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is sometimes claimed to be the ancestor of the edible radish, Raphanus sativus. Native to Asia (or, according to some authorities, the Mediterranean), it has been introduced into most parts of the world, and is regarded as a damagingly invasive species in many, for example Australia.
It spreads rapidly, and is often found growing on roadsides or in other places where the ground has been disturbed.  In southeastern USA, the pale yellow form is common, sometimes entirely taking over fields in wintertime. Wild radish grows as an annual or biennial plant, with attractive four-petalled flowers 15-20 mm across and varying in colour, usually from white to purple but sometimes light orange to yellow, often with colour shading within a single petal. Rumex crispus. Rumex crispus (curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock) is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia. Description The plant produces an inflorescence or flower stalk that grows to about 1 m high.
It has smooth leaves shooting off from a large basal rosette, with distinctive waved or curled edges. On the stalk flowers and seeds are produced in clusters on branched stems, with the largest cluster being found at the apex. The seeds are shiny, brown and encased in the calyx of the flower that produced them. Rumex crispus has a number of subspecies with distinctive habitat preferences.
Fruits of Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) Ecology Uses and toxicity It can be used as a wild leaf vegetable; the young leaves should be boiled in several changes of water to remove as much of the oxalic acid in the leaves as possible or can be added directly to salads in moderate amounts. Once the plant matures it becomes too bitter to consume. Sambucus. The genus occurs in temperate to subtropical regions of the world.
More widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, its Southern Hemisphere occurrence is restricted to parts of Australasia and South America. Many species are widely cultivated for their ornamental leaves, flowers and fruit. The leaves are pinnate with 5–9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Each leaf is 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long, and the leaflets have serrated margins. They bear large clusters of small white or cream-colored flowers in late spring; these are followed by clusters of small black, blue-black, or red berries (rarely yellow or white). Species groups Elderberry cultivation in Austria The black-berried elder complex is variously treated as a single species Sambucus nigra found in the warmer parts of Europe and North America with several regional varieties or subspecies, or else as a group of several similar species.
Other species: Uses Food Soft drink made from elderflower, Romania Cultivation Music Mugwort. 19th century illustration of Artemisia vulgaris Mugworts are used medicinally, especially in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean traditional medicine. Some mugworts have also found a use in modern medicine for their anti-herpetic effect. They are also used as an herb to flavor food. In Korea, mugworts were also used for plain, non-medicinal consumption; in South Korea, mugworts, called ssuk, are still used as a staple ingredient in many dishes including rice cakes and soup. Etymology The Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm mentions Mucgwyrt. Species Uses Mugwort oil contains thujone, which is toxic in large amounts or under prolonged intake. Food The leaves and buds, best picked shortly before mugwort flowers in July to September, were used as a bitter flavoring agent to season fat, meat and fish. Mugwort has also been used to flavor beer before the introduction of or instead of hops. Medicinal A mugwort leaf with the pointed leaves characteristic of a mature plant.
Juglans californica. Juglans californica, the California black walnut, also called the California walnut, or the Southern California black walnut, is a large shrub or small tree (up to 30 feet tall) of the Juglandaceae (walnut) family endemic to California. Distribution J. californica is generally found in the southern California Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, and Peninsular Ranges, and the Central Valley. It grows as part of mixed woodlands, and also on slopes and in valleys wherever conditions are favorable.
It is threatened by development and overgrazing. Some native stands remain in urban Los Angeles in the Santa Monica Mountains and Hollywood Hills. J. californica grows in riparian woodlands, either in single species stands or mixed with California's oaks (Quercus spp.) and cottonwoods (Populus fremontii). Description Juglans californica can be either a large shrub with 1-5 trunks, or a small, single-trunked tree. Uses Food Cultivation Taxonomy See also Juglans nigra. While its primary native region is the Midwest and east-central United States, the black walnut was introduced into Europe in 1629. It is cultivated there and in North America as a forest tree for its high-quality wood. Black walnut is more resistant to frost than the English or Persian walnut, but thrives best in the warmer regions of fertile, lowland soils with high water tables.
Black walnut is primarily a pioneer species similar to red and silver maple and black cherry. It will grow in closed forests, but needs full sun for optimal growth and nut production. Because of this, black walnut is a common weed tree found along roadsides, fields, and forest edges in the eastern US. The wood is used to make furniture, flooring, and rifle stocks, and oil is pressed from the seeds. Where the range of J. nigra overlaps that of the Texas black walnut J. microcarpa, the two species sometimes interbreed, producing populations with characteristics intermediate between the two species. Dye Corylus cornuta. Corylus cornuta (Beaked Hazel) is a deciduous shrubby hazel found in most of North America, from southern Canada south to Georgia and California. It grows in dry woodlands and forest edges and can reach 4–8 metres (13–26 ft) tall with stems 10–25 centimetres (3.9–9.8 in) thick with smooth gray bark.
The leaves are rounded oval, coarsely double-toothed, 5–11 centimetres (2.0–4.3 in) long and 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) broad, with hairy undersides. The flowers are catkins that form in the fall and pollinate in the following spring. There are two varieties: Corylus cornuta var. cornuta – Eastern Beaked Hazel. References External links PLANTS Database (Plants.usda.gov): Beaked Hazel with pictures.
Rubus parviflorus. Rubus parviflorus, commonly called thimbleberry, is a species of Rubus, native to western and northern North America, and the Great Lakes region. Distribution The plant is found from Alaska east to British Columbia, Ontario and Michigan; and south to California, Baja California, and New Mexico, and further south into Northwestern Mexico. It grows from sea level in the north, up to elevations of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) in its southern range. Ecology The species typically grows along roadsides, railroad tracks, and in forest clearings, commonly appearing as an early part of the ecological succession in clear cut and forest fire areas.
Thimbleberry is found in forest understories with typical flora associates including coastal woodfern, Dryopteris arguta, Trillium ovatum and Smilacina racemosa. Rubus parviflorus foliage texture Description The flowers are 2 to 6 centimeters (0.79 to 2.36 in) in diameter, with five white petals and numerous pale yellow stamens. Uses California wild grape. Vitis californica. Vitis californica, the California wild grape, is a wild grape species native to most of California and southwestern Oregon. The California wild grape grows along streams and rivers and thrives in damp areas; however, like most other native California plants it can withstand periods of dry conditions Description Vitis californica is a deciduous vine which can grow to over 10 m (33 ft) in length.
It climbs on other plants or covers the ground with twisted, woody ropes of vine covered in green leaves. Bunches of small and often sour but edible purple grapes hang from the vines in autumn. Cultivation Viticulture The wild grape is strong and robust, and viticulturists worldwide often use it as rootstock for their wine grapes. Horticulture Vitis californica is cultivated as an ornamental plant. The cultivar 'Roger's Red' (named for noted horticulturist Roger Raiche) turns brilliant red in fall and is a hybrid with a wine grape, Vitis vinifera Alicante Bouschet.
Vitis californica--California Wild Grape - Sonoma County Master Gardeners. By Sonoma County Master Gardener Anne Brewer Fall has settled in, and brilliant colors abound to prove it! Deciduous trees are showing off glorious hues of yellow, orange, red and purple. One outstanding performer that often fails to get attention is Vitis californica, our native California wild grape, and its relatives. One of these relatives most commonly seen in nurseries is Vitis ‘Roger’s Red’, although a smaller vine called ‘Walker Ridge’ is sometimes available. This deciduous vine is not shy.
Now for the caveats. Don’t forget that this is an aggressive vine. Plantago. Manzanita. Edible seaweed. Apple. Fragaria californica, Wood Strawberry. Claytonia perfoliata. Rosa californica. Fiddlehead fern. Typha. Huckleberry. Taraxacum. Urtica dioica. Umbellularia. Malus. Salvia officinalis. Blackberry. Artemisia californica. Acorn. Tropaeolum. Lavandula. File:Oxalis-pes-caprae0021c.jpg. Oxalis. Rosemary. Cherry plum. Loquat. Fennel. A Beginner's Guide to Hunting Morel Mushrooms. Mallows - A nutritious edible weed.
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