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Diverse Learners / Special Education

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These are some different articles and sources for a Diverse Learners & Special Education class. Everything within this Pearltree has to do with the educational setting of different learners.

ASL Dictionary. MCDL Test.

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MC&DL papers/ pTPA 3 task. Tips from Dyslexic Students for Dyslexic Students. From The Real Experts... Tips from Dyslexic Students for Dyslexic Students by Nancy Hall Nobody can fully appreciate what it’s like to be a student with dyslexia in the way that another student with dyslexia can. Tutors, teachers and parents have their advice, but here are some strategies from the real experts—kids with papers due, tests next week, and a project due on Friday. How do they do it when they are struggling readers themselves? Abbie, 14, says her best homework strategy is a simple one. For dyslexics who read more slowly and who sometimes can’t even read their own handwriting, allowing enough time to do homework is a must. Break a big project up into smaller, less intimidating pieces.

Thirteen-year-old Eli, for instance, has a friend who studies by making a Power Point presentation on her computer of the material she’ll be tested on. Here are some other high-tech tips from Eli and other kids: James gives himself plenty of breaks when he’s working on a tough assignment. Works Cited by Steven Whitfield on Prezi. Acronyms Used in Special Education. Emotional / Behavior Disorders (EBD) Emotional/Behavioral Disorders. Definition Many terms are used to describe emotional, behavioral or mental disorders. Currently, students with such disorders are categorized as having an emotional disturbance, which is defined under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act as follows: "...a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance: An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school factors.

-[Code of Federal Regulations, Title 34, Section 300.7(c)(4)(i)] Academic characteristics References Meadow, P. Resources Burrello, L.C., & Wright, P.T. Symptoms of ADHD/ADD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) The symptoms of ADHD include inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. These are traits that most children display at some point or another. But to establish a diagnosis of ADHD, sometimes referred to as ADD, the symptoms should be inappropriate for the child's age and have a negative impact on the child's ability to function. Adults also can have ADHD; in fact, up to 2 out of every 3 kids with ADHD continue to have symptoms as adults. When ADHD persists into adulthood, symptoms may vary. For instance, an adult may experience restlessness instead of hyperactivity.

In addition, adults with ADHD often have problems with interpersonal relationships and employment. Recommended Related to ADD-ADHD ADHD and Stress Does ADHDcause stress? Read the ADHD and Stress article > > Types of ADHD There are three different subtypes of ADHD, including: For a diagnosis of ADHD, some symptoms that cause impairment must be present before age twelve. Symptoms of ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Diagnosis Children mature at different rates and have different personalities, temperaments, and energy levels. Most children get distracted, act impulsively, and struggle to concentrate at one time or another. Sometimes, these normal factors may be mistaken for ADHD. ADHD symptoms usually appear early in life, often between the ages of 3 and 6, and because symptoms vary from person to person, the disorder can be hard to diagnose. Parents may first notice that their child loses interest in things sooner than other children, or seems constantly "out of control.

" No single test can diagnose a child as having ADHD. Between them, the referring pediatrician and specialist will determine if a child: A specialist will also check school and medical records for clues, to see if the child's home or school settings appear unusually stressful or disrupted, and gather information from the child's parents and teachers.

The specialist also will ask: A learning disability. Treatments Medications. ABC - Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. Some Disabilities. Prader-Willi Association (USA) Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA) is an organization of families and professionals working together to raise awareness, offer support, provide education and advocacy, and promote and fund research to enhance the quality of life of those affected by Prader-Willi syndrome. What is Prader-Willi syndrome? Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is the most common known genetic cause of life-threatening obesity in children. Although the cause is complex it results from an abnormality on the 15th chromosome. It occurs in males and females equally and in all races. Prevalence estimates have ranged from 1:8,000 to 1:25,000 with the most likely figure being 1:15,000. PWS typically causes low muscle tone, short stature if not treated with growth hormone, incomplete sexual development, and a chronic feeling of hunger that, coupled with a metabolism that utilizes drastically fewer calories than normal, can lead to excessive eating and life-threatening obesity.

What Is Down Syndrome? - National Down Syndrome Society. In every cell in the human body there is a nucleus, where genetic material is stored in genes. Genes carry the codes responsible for all of our inherited traits and are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. Typically, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent. Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21.

This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm - although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.

How Common is Down Syndrome? When Was Down Syndrome Discovered? NDSS Founder Betsy Goodwin and DR. Trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) Fragile X syndrome. Reviewed April 2012 What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that causes a range of developmental problems including learning disabilities and cognitive impairment. Usually, males are more severely affected by this disorder than females. Affected individuals usually have delayed development of speech and language by age 2. Most males and about half of females with fragile X syndrome have characteristic physical features that become more apparent with age. How common is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 4,000 males and 1 in 8,000 females.

What genes are related to fragile X syndrome? Mutations in the FMR1 gene cause fragile X syndrome. Nearly all cases of fragile X syndrome are caused by a mutation in which a DNA segment, known as the CGG triplet repeat, is expanded within the FMR1 gene. Males and females with 55 to 200 repeats of the CGG segment are said to have an FMR1 gene premutation. Read more about the FMR1 gene. What is Williams Syndrome? | Williams Syndrome Association. Williams syndrome is a genetic condition that is present at birth and can affect anyone.

It is characterized by medical problems, including cardiovascular disease, developmental delays, and learning disabilities. These occur side by side with striking verbal abilities, highly social personalities and an affinity for music. WS affects 1 in 10,000 people worldwide – an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 people in the United States. It is known to occur equally in both males and females and in every culture. Unlike disorders that can make connecting with your child difficult, children with WS tend to be social, friendly and endearing. Parents often say the joy and perspective a child with WS brings into their lives had been unimaginable. But there are major struggles as well. Just as important are opportunities for social interaction. Common features of Williams syndrome include: Characteristic facial appearance Heart and blood vessel problems Hypercalcemia (elevated blood calcium levels) Hernias.

Classnotes/ ppt. MCDL Syllabus Spring 2014. Part 6 Teaching Journal New for TK20. ESL/Multicultural classroom. Fluency Training in the ESL Classroom: An Experimental Study of Fluency Development and Proceduralization - de Jong - 2011 - Language Learning. September 2012. Exceptionalities - The Special Ed Wiki. An Overview of Exceptionalities According to the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY), 6.6 million U.S. children received some sort of special education services in the 2003-04 school year. In the 2003-2004 school year, fourteen percent of all students enrolled in public schools (grades K–12) received services in federally supported programs for children with disabilities, up from 8 percent in 1977(U.S.

Department of Education, 2000). These students have a range of differences, from specific learning disabilities to severe restrictions of movement or communication. We all have strengths in some areas and weaknesses in others. A student may have severe problems in math and science but be a gifted public speaker with a talent for learning foreign languages. As a teacher, you must carefully evaluate each child’s strengths and weaknesses. Fetal alcohol syndrome Symptoms - Diseases and Conditions. Fetal alcohol syndrome isn't a single birth defect. It's a cluster of related problems and the most severe of a group of consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure. Collectively, the range of disorders is known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Fetal alcohol syndrome is a common — yet preventable — cause of mental retardation. The severity of mental problems varies, with some children experiencing them to a far greater degree than others.

Signs of fetal alcohol syndrome may include: The facial features seen with fetal alcohol syndrome may also occur in normal, healthy children. Distinguishing normal facial features from those of fetal alcohol syndrome requires expertise. Doctors may use other terms to describe some of the signs of fetal alcohol syndrome. When to see a doctor If you're pregnant and can't stop drinking, ask your obstetrician or other health care provider for help. May. 21, 2011 References Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Fact sheet. Autism Spectrum Disorder. What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by: Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts;Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities;Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (typically recognized in the first two years of life); and,Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.

The term “spectrum” refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment or disability that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms, while others are severely disabled. The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) no longer includes Asperger’s syndrome; the characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome are included within the broader category of ASD.

Causes Genetic factors Environmental factors ASD and vaccines Diagnosis. Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar affective disorder (and originally called manic-depressive illness), is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated mood and periods of depression.[1][2] The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity or whether there is psychosis. During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic, or irritable.[1] They often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced.[2] During periods of depression there may be crying, poor eye contact with others, and a negative outlook on life.[1] The risk of suicide among those with the disorder is high at greater than 6% over 20 years, while self harm occurs in 30–40%.[1] Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorder and drug misuse are commonly associated.[1] Signs and symptoms Manic episodes Hypomanic episodes Depressive episodes Mixed affective episodes Associated features.

Traumatic Brain Injury - Injury Center.