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To appear in the journal Computing and Informatics. Push Singh 28 October 2003
Translational research is scientific research that helps to make findings from basic science useful for practical applications that enhance human health and well-being. It is practiced in the medical, behavioral, and social sciences. For example, in medicine it is used to "translate" findings in basic research quickly into medical practice and meaningful health outcomes. Applying knowledge from basic science is a major stumbling block in science, partially due to the compartmentalization within science. [ 1 ] Hence, translational research is seen as a key component to finding practical applications, especially within medicine. Translational research is another term for translative research and translational science , although it fails to disambiguate itself from research that is not scientific (e.g., market research), which are considered outside its scope. With its focus on multi-disciplinary collaboration, translational research has the potential to advance applied science.
Overview To improve human health, scientific discoveries must be translated into practical applications. Such discoveries typically begin at “the bench” with basic research in which scientists study disease at a molecular or cellular level then progress to the clinical level, or the patient's “bedside.” Scientists are increasingly aware that this bench-to-bedside approach to translational research is really a two-way street.
Click to see Selected Publications before 2003. Opening Pathways: Youth in Latin America, January 2011 Abriendo Caminos: Jóvenes en América Latina, Enero 2011 Por un Mañana, Fundación Gente Nueva, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina [ English ] [ Español ] Terminalidad, Fundación SES, Buenos Aires, Argentina [ English ] [ Español ] Las Casas Francisco Esperanza, Fundación Paz y Bien, Cali, Colombia [ English ] [ Español ] Jóvenes Constructores de la Comunidad, A.C., Chiapas y Distrito Federal, México [ English ] [ Español ]
Feb. 18, 2011 Researchers study how to support the transition to adulthood in Latin America Key features of community programs to help marginalized youth and young adults successfully transition to adulthood include mentoring and opportunities for work and leadership roles, according to a Cornell study in Latin America. The 18-month "action research" project, "Opening Pathways: Youth in Latin America" ("Abriendo Caminos: Jóvenes en América Latina"), engaged four organizations in Argentina, Mexico and Colombia in a process to better understand ways that community programs can make their community a better place for youth and young adults. "Institutional innovation is needed to support the transition to adulthood," said Stephen Hamilton, professor of human development in the College of Human Ecology.
Dr. Comer is the Maurice Falk Professor of Child Psychiatry at the Yale University School of Medicine's Child Study Center, and has been a Yale medical faculty member since 1968. During these years, he has concentrated his career on promoting a focus on child development as a way of improving schools.
Urie Bronfenbrenner (April 29, 1917 – September 25, 2005) was a Russian American psychologist , known for developing his Ecological Systems Theory , and as a co-founder of the Head Start program in the United States for disadvantaged pre-school children. [ edit ] Life Urie Bronfenbrenner was born on April 29, 1917 in Moscow, Russia, as the son of Dr. Alexander Bronfenbrenner and Eugenie Kamenetski Bronfenbrenner.
The Fluid Analogies Research Group was launched roughly 30 years ago with the Seek-Whence, Jumbo, and Copycat projects, the goals of which were (and still are) to make accurate computational models of the most fundamental mechanisms of human thought. Since that long-gone day, a fair number of other projects have been added to the list. What all the FARG projects have in common is their incessant focus on two profound and totally inseparable issues: (1) What is a concept? and (2) How does analogical thinking take place?
Michel Foucault ( French: [miʃɛl fuko] ; born Paul-Michel Foucault ) (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) was a French philosopher , social theorist , historian of ideas , and literary critic . His philosophical theories addressed what power is and how it works, the manner in which it controls knowledge and vice versa, and how it is used as a form of social control . Foucault is best known for his critical studies of social institutions, most notably psychiatry , social anthropology of medicine, the human sciences , the prison system, and the history of human sexuality . His writings on power, knowledge, and discourse have been widely influential in academic circles.
Surfdaddy Orca September 9, 2009 Bruce Katz received his Ph.D. in artificial intelligence from University of Illinois. He is a frequent lecturer in artificial intelligence at the University of Sussex in the U.K and serves as adjunct professor in of Computer Engineering at Drexel University in Philadelphia. Dr. Katz is the accomplished author of Neuroengineering the Future , Digital Design , as well as many prestigious journal articles.