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Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic . The term was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono . As taught by de Bono, lateral thinking deliberately distances itself from standard perceptions of creativity as either "vertical" logic (the classic method for problem solving: working out the solution step-by-step from the given data) or "horizontal" imagination (having a thousand ideas but being unconcerned with the detailed implementation of them). [ edit ] Methods
Pantheism is the belief that everything composes an all-encompassing, immanent God, [ 1 ] or that the universe (or nature ) is identical with divinity . [ 2 ] Pantheists thus do not believe in a personal or anthropomorphic god. Pantheism was popularized in the modern era as both a theology and philosophy based on the work of the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza , [ 3 ] :p.7 whose Ethics was an answer to Descartes ' famous dualist theory that the body and spirit are separate. [ 4 ] Spinoza held the monist view that the two are the same, and monism is a fundamental part of his philosophy. He was described as a "God-intoxicated man," and used the word God to describe the unity of all substance. [ 4 ] Although the term pantheism was not coined until after his death, Spinoza is regarded as its most celebrated advocate. [ 5 ]
Cynic or Cynicism may mean: [ edit ] Modes of thought Cynicism (philosophy) was a school of ancient Greek philosophy. Cynicism (contemporary) refers to the modern usage of the word post 19th century [ edit ] Music
In rhetoric , parrhesia is a figure of speech described as: to speak candidly or to ask forgiveness for so speaking . [ 1 ] The term is borrowed from the Greek παρρησία (πᾶν "all" + ῥῆσις / ῥῆμα "utterance, speech") meaning literally "to speak everything" and by extension "to speak freely," "to speak boldly," or "boldness." It implies not only freedom of speech, but the obligation to speak the truth for the common good, even at personal risk. [ edit ] Usage in Ancient Greece
Dec 27, 2010 When you have major changes going on in your life, or you’re just frustrated about where you are, it’s easy to get trapped in a cycle of depression, bad moods and frustration. I know, I’ve been there … and when I’m not careful, I still get there more than I want to.