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By DAISUKE WAKABAYASHI And TOKO SEKIGUCHI HIGASHIMATSUSHIMA, Japan—Improvised morgues across tsunami-ravaged northeastern Japan are overwhelmed by an accumulation of the dead, forcing Japanese to consider a practice that hasn't been widespread for decades: burial. Earthquake survivors in Japan are faced with a new challenge: what to do with their dead loved ones. In a country with a tradition of cremation, the prospect of mass graves raises tension. WSJ's Mariko Sanchanta and Yumiko Ono discuss.
Le séisme du 11 mars, suivi d'un tsunami et d'accidents nucléaires graves a mis en lumière le rôle des forces d'autodéfense japonaises (FAD), nom officiel de l' armée japonaise, dans les contextes de catastrophes naturelles et industrielles de grande ampleur. 550 000 personnes évacuées. Près de 100 000 soldats ont été mobilisés, soit 40 % des effectifs des forces d'autodéfense.
Two months ago this week, on March 11, the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck northeastern Japan. As of today, nearly 15,000 deaths have been confirmed, and more than 10,000 remain listed as missing. In some coastal communities, where the ground has sunk lower than the high tide mark, residents are still adjusting to twice-daily flooding. Many thousands still reside in temporary shelters because their homes were either destroyed or lie within the exclusion zone around the damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. Now that tourism season has arrived, Japan -- especially Fukushima prefecture -- is finding itself hit by yet another disaster: visits to the country have dropped by 50 percent.
Friday, November 11, 2011, by Sarah Firshein Photo via Architizer Cardboard lord Shigeru Ban has been helping victims of Japan's March 2011 earthquake in various ways for a while now, and today Architizer brings word that the architect's three-story complex in Miyagi is complete and ready for move-in. Designed from corrugated-steel shipping containers, the temporary housing complex boasts minimalist, clean interiors, ample storage space, and even features such as balconies on some units. Eloquently put: "His noble housing project works within tight environmental and material constraints and yet also, by a seeming miracle, manages to extract an understated elegance that speaks intuitively to a human’s wants and needs." Good architecture for a good cause: definitely something we can get behind.
Printer-friendly version Overview On March 11, 2011, at 5:46 UTC a 9.0 earthquake (USGS 2011) with an epicenter approximately 130 km east of Sendai, Japan generated a Tsunami which reached heights of up to 40.5 m and in the Sendai area traveled up to 10 km inland (NOAA 2011). The earthquake and Tsunami destroyed or damaged over 125,000 buildings, killed at least 15,839 individuals and injured 5,950 more. In addition, it caused several nuclear accidents including the ongoing level 7 meltdowns at the Fukushima Nuclear Power plant complex. 3,642 people are still considered missing.
Shigeru Ban is an architectural firm in Japan that takes initiative to build and deploy cardboard partitions to displaced victims who are forced to take shelter in evacuation sites during natural disasters. Since the 2004 Niigata earthquake, Shigeru Ban has been constantly making revisions to their partitions to better fit the needs of each crisis situation. With thousands of families seeking shelter in school gyms due to the March 11 earthquake, which also triggered tsunamis and crippled a nuclear power plant, shelter is one of Japan’s main needs.
Railways are an important part of the infrastructure that was heavily damaged by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. Although major railway lines of East Japan Railway Co. (JR East), such as the Tohoku Shinkansen Line and the Tohoku Line, have resumed operations, local railway lines have not fully recovered.
East Japan Railway Co. (JR East) said Monday that the Tohoku Shinkansen Line, crippled since the March 11 Great East Japan Earthquake, will return to full service from late April. JR East officials said lessons from the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995 as well as the Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake of 2004 are helping the company to restore services much more quickly than in the past.
On March 11, 2011 a massive earthquake and tsunami struck the northeast of Japan. While the people of Japan responded calmly to the disaster and private-sector companies were quick to take part in recovery efforts, the government and the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) were widely criticized for a sluggish and ineffective response. This timeline looks back on the half year since the disaster, with a focus on the government response to the nuclear disaster. <p style="text-align:right;color:#A8A8A8"></p>
By Carissa Ray This brings to mind the (hopefully) rhetorical question, "If your house caught fire and you had time to save one non-living thing, what would you take with you?" Maybe it's because I'm a photographer, but I remember even in school knowing that, given a chance, I would try to save my family photos. It's encouraging to think that maybe a few people in Japan will have that chance thanks to these volunteers. Toru Hanai / Reuters A volunteer cleans a family photo that was washed by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami as baby photos are placed to dry at a volunteer centre in Ofunato, Iwate prefecture, April 12, 2011.
Séisme, tsunami et accidents nucléaires Rappel des événements au Japon, confronté à une crise nucléaire majeure après le séisme et le tsunami dont le bilan approche les 28.000 morts et disparus depuis le 11 mars. Jeudi 31 mars
Le séisme d’une intensité de 8,9 qui a frappé le Japon le 11 mars 2011 et ses multiples répliques ont provoqué l’arrêt d’urgence de 11 réacteurs situés entre 50 et 350 km au nord de Tokyo. En l’absence de courant électrique et de pannes des groupes électrogènes (certains n’ont pu être alimentés en carburant), les pertes de contrôle de ces réacteurs ont entraîné une surchauffe progressive de leurs cœurs. Malgré les tentatives désespérés des ingénieurs qui ont essayé de faire baisser la pression en ouvrant des soupapes, ou en noyant les bâtiments sous l’eau de mer, la catastrophe n’a pas pu être évitée. Les informations diffusées ont été extrêmement confuses… Le Réseau Sortir du nucléaire a rappelé que TEPCO, l’EDF local, a été condamné 27 fois par la justice japonaise pour avoir diffusé de fausses informations lors d’accidents précédents. Les heures sont données à l’heure française, en décalage de six heures sur l’heure japonaise : quand il est 12 h 00 à Paris, il est 18 h 00 à Tokyo.
»» Jour 1 Vendredi 11 mars La terre tremble À 14h46, un tremblement de terre d'une violence inouïe secoue le nord-est du Japon... durant deux longues minutes. Le séisme atteint une magnitude de 9 sur l'échelle de Richter, ce qui en fait le quatrième en importance enregistré sur la planète depuis 1900. À Tokyo, les gratte-ciel ondulent comme des herbes folles.
The Great East Japan Earthquake: How Disaster Survivors Used the Media | Reports | NHK Broadcasting Culture Research InstituteSeptember 2011 From Online Group Interviews of Internet Users Ayako Shigyo Amid the lost lifeline and repeated aftershocks that amplified fear and anxiety, the earthquake and tsunami survivors obtained disaster-related information not only from conventional media such as television and radio, but also from social network media represented by Twitter and mixi. The author examined in concrete how net users in afflicted areas used the media – their behaviors and attitudes toward media use – and what role television should play at the time of disaster, by conducting online group interviews. Net users in their 20s though 40s living in Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, Aomori, and Ibaraki Prefectures, which were severely damaged by the 3/11 disaster, were interviewed.
Tsunami Earthquake Japon 2011