background preloader

AUM 2

Facebook Twitter

Medieval English Names. As the spelling of English was not standardized during the Middle Ages, names can be found in many different forms in written records.

Medieval English Names

The French diminutive endings which arrived with the Normans (‘-et’, ‘-in’ and ‘-on’ ) became less common and English forms such as ‘-cock’, and ‘-kin’ took their place. Medieval Words And Phrases. "CAUGHT YOU RED-HANDED" - This phrase comes from the 12th Century practice of dipping a thief's hand in berry-dye.

Medieval Words And Phrases

The dye would soak into the skin and stain the hand for several weeks and as such, serve as an act of public humiliation of being convicted. All who saw the 'red-handed' person knew he was a thief and a criminal. "GET OFF YOUR HIGH HORSE! " - This phrase is commonly used toward someone who is acting pompous, arrogant or lofty. The phrase comes from the 13th Century. Calligraphy. Article : Open-source QYCK glossary Calligraphy is an art form.

Calligraphy

19 Olde English Words That We Should Definitely Bring Back. Old words are cool.

19 Olde English Words That We Should Definitely Bring Back

They’ve got this sort of forbidden vibe to them; we haven’t used them in so long, so unearthing them is at once a tribute, yet also this weird longing to capture a spirit and time now relegated to the history books. With that in mind, here are a few medieval words and phrases you can use that are at once practical, and nowadays quite amusing — life would probably be a lot better if we walked around using these words. 1. Castle Life. Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) The Mamluk Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz.

Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)

It lasted from the overthrow of the Ayyubid Dynasty until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517. Historians have traditionally broken the era of Mamlūk rule into two periods—one covering 1250–1382, the other, 1382–1517. Western historians call the former the "Baḥrī" period and the latter the "Burjī," because of the political dominance of the regiments known by these names during the respective times. The contemporary Muslim historians referred to the same divisions as the "Turkish"[3][4][5][6][7] and "Circassian" periods, in order to call attention to the change in ethnic origin of the majority of Mamlūks.[3][4][5][6][7] 5 The Quarryman. Interviews with quarry workers consistently highlighted the vast knowledge and intuitive relationship that a quarry worker has with the material he/she works with on a daily basis.

5 The Quarryman

Slavery in Africa. This article discusses systems, history, and effects of slavery within Africa.

Slavery in Africa

See Arab slave trade, Atlantic slave trade, Maafa, and Slavery in contemporary Africa for other discussions. Venice, Through the Eyes and Words of Venetian Francesco da Mosto. If you are thinking about visiting Venice, or just curious, I highly recommend watching the BBC’s four-part documentary Francesco’s Venice.

Venice, Through the Eyes and Words of Venetian Francesco da Mosto

Des images de synthèse vous dévoilent le visage de Paris au Moyen-Age. « Le Louvre, l’Hôtel de Ville ou Notre-Dame présentaient des visages différents au Moyen Age.

Des images de synthèse vous dévoilent le visage de Paris au Moyen-Age

Voici des images de synthèse, signées Grez productions, qui permettent de découvrir la ville de Paris telle qu’on ne l’a jamais vue. » Le Palais de la cité Le plus grand bâtiment de l’île de la Cité, le Palais de la cité, accueille aujourd’hui le palais de Justice. Son origine remonte à la conquête de la Gaule par les Romains en l’an 52 avant notre ère. D’abord palatium -palais pour le gouverneur de Lutèce-, il devient la résidence parisienne des rois mérovingiens après que les Francs aient envahi la Gaule. Le pont au Change Sous le règne de Charles le Chauve, le Grand-Pont, par opposition au Petit-Pont, franchit le grand bras de la Seine entre l’île de la Cité et la rive droite.

Le petit châtelet. What, if any, drug abuse existed in the medieval world? Did it differ across classes? : AskHistorians. What, if any, drug abuse existed in the medieval world? Did it differ across classes? : AskHistorians. Addiction & the Humanities, Vol. 7(3) - Four thousand years of marijuana use: A brief history - The Brief Addiction Science Information Source (BASIS) For thousands of years, cultures around the world have used marijuana in various ways for innumerable purposes.

Addiction & the Humanities, Vol. 7(3) - Four thousand years of marijuana use: A brief history - The Brief Addiction Science Information Source (BASIS)

This issue of Humanities describes the history of marijuana use from ancient China to contemporary United States (Grinspoon, 1971; Nahas, 1973). Antiquity: Asia and Europe. Help Us Decipher This Inscription. Last week (3 August) we blogged about the medieval sword on display in the British Library’s Magna Carta: Law, Liberty, Legacy exhibition. We have been thrilled by the number of enthusiastic comments and suggestions we have received about this sword. Due to the phenomenal range of suggestions, it’s unlikely that we will be able to decipher the mysterious inscription before Magna Carta: Law, Liberty, Legacy closes on 1 September — indeed, it could be a mystery that may never be solved! — but we would like to offer huge thanks for all your thoughts and ideas, which have come from all corners of the globe. The message board on this blog post has now closed, but we encourage you to continue sharing ideas about what the code might mean on Twitter.

Please follow our Medieval Manuscripts Blog and @BLMedieval Twitter feed for more news and views from the team. Rosalie's Medieval Woman - Healthcare. General Medieval Healthcare HEADACHES - WEIGHT LOSS - WORMS - WARTS & CORNS - MOSQUITO REPELLENTS - ANTISEPTICS - TOILET PAPER Perhaps the best-known medieval medical journal is the late 14th century Tacuinum Sanitatis, shown above, which was a medical codex with almost full-page, colour illuminations, written and illuminated for the Cerruti Family. It was probably made from Verona. Renaissance du XIIe siècle. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. La renaissance du XIIe siècle est une période majeure de renouveau du monde culturel au Moyen Âge, mise en évidence par les travaux des historiens Charles H.

Haskins, Jacques Le Goff ou encore Jacques Verger. Stimulée par un contexte de prospérité inédit depuis le début du Moyen Âge, sur les plans démographique et économique, mais aussi par une période de « renaissance politique » et par la réforme de l'Église, la chrétienté vit une profonde mutation de ses structures culturelles. Le monde monastique se recentre sur la fonction méditative, ce qui profite aux écoles urbaines qui fleurissent dans les grandes villes, à commencer par Paris, notamment grâce à l'abbaye Saint-Victor, mais aussi Chartres ou Bologne. Les disciplines intellectuelles sont ainsi dynamisées et nourries par l'élan des traductions depuis le grec et l'arabe en Espagne et en Italie, qui diffuse de nouveaux textes d'Aristote et de ses commentateurs musulmans.

Pérotin. A page from Pérotin's Alleluia nativitas Musical forms and style[edit] Nine Worthies. The thirteenth century carving "Nine Good Heroes" (known as "Neun Gute Helden" in the original German) at City Hall in Cologne, Germany, is the earliest known representation of the Nine Worthies. From left to right are the three Christians: Charlemagne bearing an eagle upon his shield, King Arthur displaying three crowns and Godfrey of Bouillon with a dog lying before him, then the three pagans: Julius Caesar, Hector and Alexander the Great bearing a griffon upon his shield, and lastly the three Jews: David holding a sceptre, Joshua, and Judas Maccabeus. The Nine Worthies are nine historical, scriptural and legendary personages who personify the ideals of chivalry as were established in the Middle Ages.

All are commonly referred to as 'Princes' in their own right, despite whatever true titles each man may have held. Origin[edit] Chivalry. Konrad von Limpurg as a knight being armed by his lady in the Codex Manesse (early 14th century) Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is a code of conduct associated with the medieval institution of knighthood which developed between 1170 and 1220.

The code of chivalry that developed in medieval Europe had its roots in earlier centuries. It arose from the idealisation of the early medieval synthesis of Germanic and Roman martial traditions —involving military bravery, individual training, and service to others—especially in Francia, among horse soldiers in Charlemagne's cavalry.[1][2] The term chivalry derives from the Old French term chevalerie, which can be translated to "horse soldiery".

[Note 1] Gautier states that knighthood emerged from the Teutonic forests and was nurtured into civilization and chivalry by the Catholic Church.[4] Rouen. Medieval education in Europe: Schools & Universities. Author’s Note. When A Medieval Knight Could Marry Another Medieval Knight.