Better Soldering | RSR Electronix Express. (A COOPERTools Reprint) Purpose We hope this short manual will help explain the basics of Soldering. The emphasis will be on the care and use of equipment. Overview Soldering is accomplished by quickly heating the metal parts to be joined, and then applying a flux and a solder to the mating surfaces. The finished solder joint metallurgically bonds the parts - forming an excellent electrical connection between wires and a strong mechanical joint between the metal parts. Solder and Flux Solder is a metal or metallic alloy used, when melted, to join metallic surfaces together. Most soldering jobs can be done with fluxcored solder (solder wire with the flux in a "core") when the surfaces to be joined are already clean or can be cleaned of rust, dirt and grease.
Base Material The base material in a solder connection consists of the component lead and the plated circuit traces on the printed circuit board. The Correct Way to Solder Some Reasons for Unwettability The Soldering Iron Tip Mechanical. How to Solder: Through-Hole Soldering. How To Solder - Soldering Tutorial. Soldering is defined as "the joining of metals by a fusion of alloys which have relatively low melting points".
In other words, you use a metal that has a low melting point to adhere the surfaces to be soldered together. Consider that soldering is more like gluing with molten metal, unlike welding where the base metals are actually melted and combined. Soldering is also a must have skill for all sorts of electrical and electronics work. It is also a skill that must be taught correctly and developed with practice. This tutorial will cover the most common types of soldering required for electronics work. Soldering Equipment The Soldering Iron/Gun The first thing you will need is a soldering iron, which is the heat source used to melt solder. For hobbyist electronics use, a soldering iron is generally the tool of choice as its small tip and low heat capacity is suited for printed circuit board work (such as assembling kits).
Solder The choice of solder is also important. Preparing To Solder. Strip and Tin Wires Like a Pro. Place the thumb of the hand holding the wire on the pivot of the side cutters (picture 1), apply light pressure on the insulation of the wire with the side cutters and then push against the pivot with your thumb. This should cause the blades of the side cutters to dig in to the insulation and push it back along the wire, breaking the insulation but not the core (picture 2). Definitely the trickiest bit of this Instructable, you just need a little bit of practice at knowing how much pressure to place on the insulation with the side cutters. It's really not hard, it just sounds hard. Give it a try! Single core wire: Go ahead and just push the broken insulation off the end of the core then trim the core to the desired length, Multi core wire: This is the cool bit. Hand Solder Training.
What is the RIGHT Soldering Temperature? How to solder, Part1 (Irons - Tips - Solder - Flux - Wetting) 7.1.1 Soldering Basics. Soldering Process Soldering is the process of joining two metals by the use of a solder alloy, and it is one of the oldest known joining techniques. Faulty solder joints remain one of the major causes of equipment failure and thus the importance of high standards of workmanship in soldering cannot be overemphasized. The following material covers basic soldering procedures and has been designed to provide the fundamental knowledge needed to complete the majority of high reliability hand soldering and component removal operations. Properties of Solder Solder used for electronics is a metal alloy, made by combining tin and lead in different proportions. You can usually find these proportions marked on the various types of solder available. With most tin/lead solder combinations, melting does not take place all at once.
Fifty-fifty solder begins to melt at 183 C -361 F, but it's not fully melted until the temperature reaches 216 C - 420 F. INTERVIEW WITH A SOLDER EXPERT | and $80 solder station giveaway! Multirotor Build Pt4: Soldering Tips (plus more motor advice) *EXPERT LEVEL* Solder Splice Tutorial TTC Avionics. Connection - Crimp Tools Comparison. How to Solder Bullet Connectors. Soldering Bullet Connectors. How to Solder Bullet Connectors By Innov8tive Designs. How-To: Soldering - TJinTech. Equipment and SuppliesBefore you can solder anything, you have to have the right equipment. This includes the obvious items like a soldering iron and solder, but should also include heat shrink tubing, something to shrink the tubing (heat gun, lighter, match, etc), wet sponge, holding/clamping device, wire strippers and/or cutters, wire of various sizes and connectors.
Now let me show you what I use. My tools and supplies include a Weller soldering station, a pair of needle nose pliers with some elastic webbing on them, 60/40 lead based solder, various heat shrink sizes and a lighter to shrink the tubing. I keep a supply of several sizes of noodle wire and several sets of spare connectors of various types. For cutting/stripping wire I use several tools including my pocket knife, scissors, dikes or a wire stripper. Hardware suggestion: It has been brought to my attention that there is an alternative to using a sponge to clean your soldering iron tip. 1) Get everything setup and ready.
Truth or Myth: Soldering From Above is Wrong. Soldering Basics - Popular Solder Connections. Sal Ammoniac How To!!! Hand Soldering Tip Temperatures | Indium Corporation® | Indium Corporation Blogs | Solderability | Solder Wire | Solder Preforms | Soldering | Solder Flux | Solder Alloys | Solder | SAC Solder | Rework | Liquid Flux | Lead Free Solder | Indium Corporation. How hot are you setting your solder iron for hand soldering using solder wire or preforms? If you are cranking up the solder iron temperature because you have transitioned to lead-free solders, think again. For both Sn63 and SAC solders, the suggested hand soldering temperature is 315°C. Using this temperature, the solder iron tip temperature is significantly hotter than the liquidus temperature of either alloy, although there is a 34° C differential or more between the liquidus temperature of these two alloys.
Hand soldering relies on the thermal conduction of heat from the solder iron tip to a solder alloy, relying on Fourier's law for thermal transfer. One of the biggest issues associated with high temperature hand soldering has more to do with the flux than the solder alloy. Solder alloy oxidation is also an issue associated with high temperature hand soldering. For optimal solder results, keep the solder iron tip temperature low. Hand Soldering Tip Temperatures | Indium Corporation® | Indium Corporation Blogs | Solderability | Solder Wire | Solder Preforms | Soldering | Solder Flux | Solder Alloys | Solder | SAC Solder | Rework | Liquid Flux | Lead Free Solder | Indium Corporation. Essential Soldering Skills for Building Quadcopters | Controller Craft.
This article will teach you the specific soldering skills needed to build quadcopters. These skills are easy to learn and very useful to know when building or fixing your own drone. Rather than provide just general guidance on soldering, this article will cover the specific skills you need. These skills will apply to building any size or type of quadcopter be it FPV, photography, racing, micro or otherwise. Soldering Principles Soldering is a metallic bonding of a 'joint' or two pieces of metal being joined. By heating the material and adding solder, you effectively join the joint.
This video provides a brief explanation of these principles: In this article we will be applying these basic principles in various situations that you will run into as you build your own quadcopter. Soldering Tools Before we cover the skills, we need to briefly cover the most common soldering tools used when building drones. Soldering Iron + Tip Solder Tip Cleaner Solder Sucker Desoldering Wick Helping Hand. How to solder correctly (a not so brief lesson) Plus tips and more... [This tutorial was originally written with surface RC in mind, but I have updated it with info that is helpful to helis and other areas as well.
Over all, it is general enough to be of use in any soldering job you may find yourself in.] A lot of people have misconceptions about soldering, others are misinformed, some have no clue where to start, and many are bad at it whether they know it or not. Hopefully This post will help everyone solder better, have fewer issues and component failures, and have time for more fun because of it. I know perfect soldering is not such a big issue in a hobby, And most never give it a second thought, but a poor job can cause failures and frustration. Even if the soldering you did looks good, you may have damaged the circuits inside your components. Doing a good job is not that hard. Now you may be asking yourself “why should I listen to this guy?” I have a lot of experience and I was trained in the Navy/Marine Corps soldering school. That being said...
Wire: Splicing Wires | Adventure Rider. Splicing Wires Discussion in 'The Garage' started by trscott, Nov 4, 2007. Page 1 of 7 trscott, Nov 4, 2007 #1 trscott Been here awhile Joined: Mar 8, 2007 Oddometer: 346 Location: Newberg, Oregon I have gotten so much excellent help from others around here, I thought I would offer this tidbit. I know it isn't much, but I've been doing electrical work all my life and learned this from an old radio pioneer (my dad). Many people prefer crimped wire connections, but I personally much prefer a good soldered splice with double heat shrink.
This splice is electrically and mechanically close to perfect. I will be putting up a long posting over in GSPOT to document the electrical mods I did on my BMW R1100GS, and as you will see there, I used quite a few of these splices on some very critical circuits. Certain XenForo add-ons by Waindigo™ ©2011-2012 Waindigo Limited. Useful Searches Recent Posts Resources Quick Links Inmates. How-To: Soldering - TJinTech. Step 4: Soldering ESC Bullet Connectors. In this step, you’ll again be using the same soldering techniques you learned in Step 2, but this time to solder "male" and "female" bullet connectors to opposite ends of the ESCs. Tools Needed Soldering IronRosin-Core SolderWork-Holding ViseMetal or Wood Block with 5/32” (4 mm) hole (optional)Rosin Soldering Flux Paste (optional) Parts Needed 4 – 30A Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) (#750-90009)8 – 3.5 mm "Male" Bullet Connectors (#450-00050)12 – 3.5 mm "Female" Bullet Connectors (#450-00050) Instructions Prepare the wires for soldering by twisting and tinning them.
Solder "female" bullet connectors to the to the blue output leads on each ESC, using the same procedure. Hands-On Ham Radio™ "Ask Dr. Solder! " by Conrad Weiss - NN6CW I received a number of technical questions re: the Weller WTCPT solder station and solder tips. Since I'm *not* a real "Doctor of Solder," I decided to call one on the phone. I had a nice chat with Mr. Larry Smith in Weller's engineering support division, and a thirty-year veteran in the soldering industry. Q: Why is a solder station "better" than a non-temp controlled (unregulated) soldering iron? Q: Which tips do I use -- 700 or 800 degree-F ?
Q: Is the tip of a WTCPT really grounded ? Q: What is the meaning of "ESD-safe" in soldering stations? Q: How long should it take to make a "good" solder joint on a common solder pad? Q: What about residual flux that's left on the board? Q: Any closing remarks? There you have it! Happy soldering, Conrad Weiss - NN6CW -- remember, I'm *not* a real doctor ;) ! Elecraft Note: The Weller WTCPT station is available from WASSCO, Elecraft Home Page: www.elecraft.com.
Soldering - Part 6 - There’s two things you need to be good at soldering, practice and a good soldering iron. If you don’t already have a good iron, check out my review of the Weller WES51 Analog Soldering Station for links to the iron and some good soldering supplies. (if you have experience with soldering then skip this video) In this video, I’m actually not using my new soldering iron, so that’s why the soldering tip looks so bad. For this example, we’re going to be soldering some 3.5mm bullet connectors on these old motors a have laying around.
To start off, heat your soldering iron to about 550 degrees fahrenheit. Now place the wire into the top while still holding the iron to the side of the connector. Now cut a piece of heat shrink tubing making sure it’s long enough to go over and past the connector by about 1/4 of an inch After that, heat the connector and tubing with a heat gun or a lighter. RC Quadrotor Helicopter - 2. You'll be doing a lot of soldering, especially with these rather large connectors. I'm writing this section because of the special connectors we'll be using requires some special soldering techniques. There's a lot of current going through these wires, and they have to withstand crashes and you yanking on them. So you should do this properly. You need a good hot soldering iron for this, since the connectors are rather large and act as a heatsink. First, take a piece of wood, and drill some holes into it to hold your connector while you solder.
This is your soldering jig. Strip your wire, the length of exposed wire should be as long as the cavity in the connector's end. Place the connector into the hole in the wood. Wait until the entire connector is cool enough to touch. If you are using the plastic housing, pull on the wire into the housing until the connector clicks into the housing. Also relevant links (not created by me): EPE "Basic Soldering Guide" Types of Iron? The Art of Soldering "Cold Soldering" - better than a traditional iron? Read our full review. Gas Soldering Iron review (legacy product) How to De-solder Desoldering Photo Gallery & Black Museum of Bad Soldering Electronics Soldering Guide Photo Gallery Gas Soldering Iron Review: Read how typical gas soldering irons work and see our full online view with photographs.
(Legacy product.) More details..... "Cold Soldering" - a review of the Coldheat Classic Iron (legacy product), tested on a commercial electronic kit. This written guide will help beginners and novices to obtain effective results when soldering electronic components. Everyday Practical Electronics magazine contains the widest variety of interesting projects and information for beginners, trainees, hobbyists and professionals in electronics. Please refer to the Copyright Notice appearing at the end. Soldering irons Topics in this section include: Voltage Wattage Temperature Control Soldering Stations Bits (Tips) Time. Soldering How-To. You don't have to take the NASA soldering course to build a winning BEST 'bot, but good soldering will keep your robot running throughout the matches. Some tips: Safety First! The soldering iron and liquid solder are HOT! A typical soldering iron is 700°F. It is remarkably easy to pick up a soldering iron by the wrong end if you're not paying attention.
Follow the following safety tips: Solder in a well ventilated area. Soldering Basics: Use a good soldering iron. Soldering crimp connectors: Strip enough wire to pass thru the metal part of the crimp barrel and be visible between the crimp and connector areas. Crimping crimp connectors: Strip enough wire to pass thru the metal part of the crimp barrel and be visible between the crimp and connector areas. Here are some additional links on how to solder: NASA Soldering Videos Basic Soldering GuideHow to solder Please note: This page is not sponsored by Radio Shack.
Solder school: Bullet connectors. Step 2: Soldering Motor Bullet Connectors. How To Solder - Soldering Tutorial.