It has efficient high-level data structures and a simple but effective approach to object-oriented programming. Python’s elegant syntax and dynamic typing, together with its interpreted nature, make it an ideal language for scripting and rapid application development in many areas on most platforms. The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are freely available in source or binary form for all major platforms from the Python Web site, and may be freely distributed.
The same site also contains distributions of and pointers to many free third party Python modules, programs and tools, and additional documentation. The Python interpreter is easily extended with new functions and data types implemented in C or C++ (or other languages callable from C). This tutorial introduces the reader informally to the basic concepts and features of the Python language and system. The Glossary is also worth going through.
Learn Python in 10 minutes. NOTE: If you would like some Python development done, my company, Stochastic Technologies, is available for consulting.
This tutorial is available as a short ebook. The e-book features extra content from follow-up posts on various Python best practices, all in a convenient, self-contained format. All future updates are free for people who purchase it. Preliminary fluff So, you want to learn the Python programming language but can't find a concise and yet full-featured tutorial. Properties Python is strongly typed (i.e. types are enforced), dynamically, implicitly typed (i.e. you don't have to declare variables), case sensitive (i.e. var and VAR are two different variables) and object-oriented (i.e. everything is an object). Getting help Help in Python is always available right in the interpreter. >>> help(5)Help on int object:(etc etc) >>> dir(5)['__abs__', '__add__', ...] >>> abs. Syntax Python has no mandatory statement termination characters and blocks are specified by indentation. Strings. Python beginner's mistakes.
Every Python programmer had to learn the language at one time, and started out as a beginner.
Beginners make mistakes. This article highlights a few common mistakes, including some I made myself. Beginner's mistakes are not Python's fault, nor the beginner's. They're merely a result of misunderstanding the language. However, there is a difference between misunderstanding (often subtle) language features, vs misunderstanding the language as a whole, and what can (and cannot) be done with it. To put it another way, the mistakes in this article are often cases of "the wrong tool for the job", rather than coding errors or sneaky language traps.
Mistake 1: trying to do low-level operations Python is sometimes described as a VHLL, a Very High-Level Language. This doesn't mean that it isn't possible to do these things with Python; but it's probably just not the right language for these jobs. Mistake 2: writing "language X" code in Python This is a mistake that is almost unavoidable.
Some advice. Tutoriales Pygame. Online Python Tutor. Write your Python code here: x = [1, 2, 3] y = [4, 5, 6] z = y y = x x = z x = [1, 2, 3] # a different [1, 2, 3] list!
X.append(4) y.append(5) z = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # a different list! X.append(6) y.append(7) y = "hello" def foo(lst): lst.append("hello") bar(lst) def bar(myLst): print(myLst) foo(x) foo(z) [Optional] Please answer these questions to support our research and to help improve this tool. Options: Execute code using , , , , , and . Here are some example Python code snippets to visualize: Basic: hello | happy | intro | filter | tokenize | insertion sort Math: factorial | fibonacci | memoized fibonacci | square root | gcd | towers of hanoi User Input: raw input Objects: OOP 1 | OOP 2 | OOP 3 | inheritance Linked Lists: LL 1 | LL 2 | LL sum Pointer Aliasing:aliasing 1 | aliasing 2 | aliasing 3 | aliasing 4aliasing 5 | aliasing 6 | aliasing 7 | aliasing 8 | sumList Higher-Order Functions: closure 1 | closure 2 | closure 3 | closure 4 | closure 5list map | summation | lambda param | student torture.