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Flamenco ( Spanish pronunciation: [flaˈmeŋko] ) is a genre of Spanish music , song, and dance from Andalusia , in southern Spain , that includes cante (singing), toque (guitar playing), baile (dance) and palmas (handclaps). First mentioned in literature in 1774, the genre grew out of Andalusian and Romani music and dance styles. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] In recent years flamenco has become popular all over the world and is taught in many countries: in Japan there are more academies than there are in Spain. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] On November 16, 2010 UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity . [ 6 ] [ edit ] Etymology
Nuevo Flamenco ("New Flamenco") is synonymous with contemporary flamenco and is a modern derivative of traditional flamenco. It combines Flamenco-guitar virtuosity with musical fusion . [ 1 ] Jazz, rumba, bossa nova, Gypsy, Latin, Middle Eastern, Rock, Jazz, Cuban Swing, Tango and Salsa have all been fused into Flamenco by different artists to produce its sound. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Traditional flamenco had been displaced in Spain in the 1950s and 1960s by Rock-and-Roll . [ 4 ] Artists such as Camarón de la Isla worked with the music during that period, infusing it with new sound.
Jesse Arnaud Cook is a Canadian guitarist, composer, and producer. Widely considered one of the most influential figures in "nouveau flamenco" ( new flamenco ) music, he incorporates elements of flamenco rumba , jazz & many forms of world music into his work. He is a Juno Award winner, Acoustic Guitar (magazine) 's Player's Choice Award silver winner in the Flamenco Category, and a three-time winner of the Canadian Smooth Jazz award for Guitarist of the Year.
Flamenco rumba , also called rumba flamenca , rumba gitana , gypsy rumba , Spanish rumba or, simply, rumba ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈrumba] ), is a style of flamenco music from Spain. It is known as one of the ida y vuelta (return songs), music which diverged in the new world, then returned to Spain in a new form. [ 1 ] In Cuba (before returning to Spain in the 1850s), the music was performed with percussion instruments. [ 1 ] The dance that it accompanied was improvised with prominent hip and shoulder movements, more overtly sexual than other styles of flamenco dances. [ 1 ] Its style derived from the influence of Afro- Cuban Rumba .
The Gipsy Kings are a group of musicians from Arles and Montpellier in the south of France who perform in Spanish with an Andalusian accent . Although group members were born in France, their parents were mostly gitanos , Spanish Romani people who fled Catalonia during the 1930s Spanish Civil War . Chico Bouchikhi is of Moroccan and Algerian descent. They are known for bringing rumba catalana , a pop -oriented music distantly derived from traditional flamenco music, to worldwide audiences.
Jazz is a music that originated at the beginning of the 20th century within the African-American communities of the Southern United States . Its roots lie in the African-American adoption of European harmony and form to existing African musical elements. African musical influences are evident in the use of blue notes , improvisation , polyrhythms , syncopation and the swung note . [ 1 ] From its early development until the present day, jazz has also incorporated elements from American popular music . [ 2 ]
Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre [ 1 ] that originated in African-American communities of primarily the " Deep South " of the United States around the end of the 19th century from spirituals , work songs , field hollers , shouts and chants , and rhymed simple narrative ballads . [ 2 ] The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz , rhythm and blues , and rock and roll is characterized by specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues chord progression is the most common. The blue notes that, for expressive purposes are sung or played flattened or gradually bent (minor 3rd to major 3rd) in relation to the pitch of the major scale , are also an important part of the sound. The blues genre is based on the blues form but possesses other characteristics such as specific lyrics, bass lines and instruments.
James Hugh Calum Laurie , OBE (born 11 June 1959), known as Hugh Laurie ( pron.: / ˌ h juː ˈ l ɒr i / ), is an English actor, comedian, writer, musician and director. He first became known as one half of the Fry and Laurie double act, along with his friend and comedy partner Stephen Fry , whom he joined in the cast of Blackadder and Jeeves and Wooster from 1987 to 1999. From 2004 to 2012, he played Dr.
16 mm film showing a "variable area" sound track at right. A soundtrack can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture , book , television program or video game ; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film or TV show; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound . [ edit ] Origin of the term
Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is a Canadian composer, notable for his film scores. He has composed the scores for over 80 films, most notably the scores for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, for which he won three Academy Awards. He is also a consistent collaborator with director David Cronenberg , having scored all but one of his films since 1979.
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer , conductor and pianist . He is considered to be one of the greatest and most successful film composers of all time. In a career spanning over six decades, he has composed some of the most recognizable film scores in cinematic history, including the Star Wars saga , Jaws , Superman , the Indiana Jones films, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial , Home Alone and its sequel , Hook , Jurassic Park , Schindler's List , Saving Private Ryan , War Horse , Lincoln , and the first three Harry Potter films.
Philip David Charles " Phil " Collins , LVO (born 30 January 1951) [ 1 ] is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and actor best known as a drummer and vocalist for English progressive rock group Genesis and as a solo artist. Collins sang the lead vocals on several chart hits in the United Kingdom and the United States between 1976 and 2010, either as a solo artist or with Genesis. His singles, sometimes dealing with lost love, ranged from the drum-heavy " In the Air Tonight ", dance pop of " Sussudio ", piano-driven " Against All Odds ", to the political statements of " Another Day in Paradise ". Collins's professional music career began as a drummer, originally in a band called The Real Thing with Andrea Bertorelli, who later became his first wife. Collins played drums and shared lead vocals (with Brian Chatton) in Flaming Youth which recorded one album, (Ark II).
Mychael Danna (born September 20, 1958) is an Academy Award-winning Canadian film composer , winning the Best Original Score for Life of Pi . [ edit ] Life and career Danna was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, but his family moved to Burlington, Ontario when he was four weeks old. [ 1 ] He is the brother of fellow composer Jeff Danna . He has been scoring films since his 1987 feature debut for Atom Egoyan 's Family Viewing , a score which earned Danna the first of his thirteen Genie Award nominations. He has won five times for Achievement in Music - Original Score. [ 2 ] Danna is recognized as one of the pioneers of combining non-Western sound sources with orchestral and electronic minimalism in the world of film music.
Kenji Kawai ( 川井 憲次 , Kawai Kenji ? ) , born April 23, 1957 in Shinagawa , Tokyo , is a Japanese music composer , for motion pictures, anime movies , video games and televised programs. He has contributed to the musical scores for numerous films from Japan and other countries in Asia, working in film genres as diverse as anime , horror , sci-fi and historical epic . Among his credits are Tsui Hark 's The Seven Swords and Wilson Yip 's Ip Man ; Mamoru Oshii's films The Red Spectacles , StrayDog: Kerberos Panzer Cops , Ghost in the Shell , Mobile Police Patlabor and Avalon ; the anime adaptations of Rumiko Takahashi's Ranma ½ and Maison Ikkoku ; the live-action adaptation of Gantz ; and Hideo Nakata's films Ring , Ring 2 , Chaos , Dark Water and Kaidan . [ edit ] Career After dropping out of a nuclear engineering program at Tokai University , Kenji Kawai began studying music at Shobi Music Academy.
Hans Florian Zimmer ( German pronunciation: [hans ˈfloːʁi̯aːn ˈtsɪmɐ] ; born 12 September 1957) is a German film composer and music producer. He has composed music for over 100 films, including award winning film scores for The Lion King (1994), Crimson Tide (1995), The Thin Red Line (1998), Gladiator (2000), The Last Samurai (2003), The Dark Knight (2008) and Inception (2010). Zimmer spent the early part of his career in the United Kingdom before moving to the United States. He is the head of the film music division at DreamWorks studios and works with other composers through the company which he founded, Remote Control Productions . [ 1 ]