Repairing Bad Memories - MIT Technology Review. It was a Saturday night at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute, and the second-floor auditorium held an odd mix of gray-haired, cerebral Upper East Side types and young, scruffy downtown grad students in black denim.
Up on the stage, neuroscientist Daniela Schiller, a riveting figure with her long, straight hair and impossibly erect posture, paused briefly from what she was doing to deliver a mini-lecture about memory.
Addictions. The Social Workers Humanizing Homelessness at the San Francisco Public Library. Leah Esguerra, a social worker in San Francisco, begins her workday roaming in between the bookshelves at the city's Main Library.
She's looking for homeless people who need her assistance. Esguerra is the nation's first library social worker. Since 2009, she's been providing social services and outreach programs to many of the city’s homeless patrons. On this particular rainy morning, she’s hoping to find her client, John, who suffers from depression and is in need of mental health care and temporary housing.
Genetic study provides first-ever insight into biological origin of schizophrenia. Landmark analysis reveals excessive “pruning” of connections between neurons in brain predisposes to schizophrenia Cambridge, Mass.
January 26th, 2016 — A landmark study, based on genetic analysis of nearly 65,000 people, has revealed that a person’s risk of schizophrenia is increased if they inherit specific variants in a gene related to “synaptic pruning” — the elimination of connections between neurons. The findings represent the first time that the origin of this devastating psychiatric disease has been causally linked to specific gene variants and a biological process. They also help explain decades-old observations: synaptic pruning is particularly active during adolescence, which is the typical period of onset for schizophrenia symptoms, and brains of schizophrenic patients tend to show fewer connections between neurons. The study has the potential to reinvigorate translational research on a debilitating disease.
The path to discovery Paper cited: Sekar A, et al. Four Ways Hospitals are Improving Behavioral Health Care. The hectic, stressful nature of the typical emergency department makes it a less than ideal setting for mental health care.
Nevertheless, hospital EDs have become a major component of the nation’s de facto behavioral health system. The reasons: Years of funding cuts to public mental health organizations and the resulting loss of thousands of inpatient beds at state and county facilities, coupled with increased demand for services. Mental illness and substance abuse account for 4 percent of ED visits, or nearly 5.5 million visits a year. The increased pressure on already overburdened emergency departments results in distracted staff, bed shortages and, too often, a worsening of mental health patients’ conditions, asserts the American College of Emergency Physicians. Gut feelings: the future of psychiatry may be inside your stomach.
Her parents were running out of hope.
Their teenage daughter, Mary, had been diagnosed with a severe case of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), as well as ADHD. They had dragged her to clinics around the country in an effort to thwart the scary, intrusive thoughts and the repetitive behaviors that Mary felt compelled to perform. Even a litany of psychotropic medications didn’t make much difference. It seemed like nothing could stop the relentless nature of Mary’s disorder. Their last hope for Mary was Boston-area psychiatrist James Greenblatt.
Why the Definition of Depression Isn't Working. Health Many psychiatrists believe that a new approach to diagnosing and treating depression—linking individual symptoms to their underlying mechanisms—is needed for research to move forward.
Abusive parents: What do grown children owe the mothers and fathers who made their childhood a living hell? Inherit_stress_from_parents_snowshoe_hares_provide_new_research_video. A recent study from the University of Pennsylvania used 60 years of data on the snowshoe hare to identify stress as a major factor in the wildly varying numbers from generation to generation.
Freaked-out hare females with high levels of stress hormones give birth to smaller litters, with smaller babies who also possess high stress hormone levels, and subsequent generations then decline in numbers. In humans, we know stress is a factor in heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. And an increasing body of work suggests we may be able to inherit stress by means other than our DNA. How Smartphone Apps Can Treat Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia. Bryan Timlin always carries an iPhone and an Android phone.
The 57-year-old is an app and graphic designer with a Michigan company called OptHub, but he doesn’t carry two phones for work. He carries the iPhone because that’s what he likes, and he carries the Android because it’s what he needs. The Android phone monitors his behavior. Five years ago, Timlin was diagnosed with rapid-cycling bipolar disorder, a mental illness characterized by four or more manic or depressive episodes a year.