Accession of Turkey to the European Union. Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, a predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
Turkey has been an associate member since 1963. After the ten founding members, Turkey was one of the first countries to become a member of the Council of Europe in 1949, and was also a founding member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1961 and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in 1973. The country has also been an associate member of the Western European Union since 1992, and is a part of the "Western Europe" branch of the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) at the United Nations. Turkey signed a Customs Union agreement with the EU in 1995 and was officially recognised as a candidate for full membership on 12 December 1999, at the Helsinki summit of the European Council. History Background 1960s–1990s 2000s Positive Agenda Future Timeline
Egemen Bagis: 'Europe needs Turkey' - Talk to Al Jazeera. There is a change going on in the European political landscape. Although their agendas vary from country to country, political parties appealing to some form of traditional or nationalistic values have recently garnered significant footholds in the parliaments of Finland, Norway, Holland, Hungary, Sweden and Italy. There is often one common concern that unites these parties: Can Turkey, a predominantly Muslim country, join the European Union? Turkey is at the doorstep of Europe and it wants to come in. Despite growing anti-Muslim sentiments and a deepening economic downturn in Europe, Turkey is still negotiating to become a full member of the European Union. On this episode of Talk to Al Jazeera, we ask Egemen Bagis, Turkey's minister for European affairs and its chief EU negotiator, if Turkey is still as interested in joining the EU as it previously was or whether its perspective has changed.
Fifty Years On, Turkey Still Pines to Become European. This summer, Turkey celebrated a dubious anniversary: it was 50 years ago that the country first asked to join the European Union — or, as it was then known, the European Economic Community.
Half a century on, Turkey is still waiting to be let in. In that time, other countries have joined, expanding the once six-member European club to 27. But even the most optimistic scenario says Turkey is unlikely to be part of the E.U. for at least another decade. Turkey's leaders say they remain committed to their bid, however long it takes. But patience might not be enough, according to a report published Sept. 7 by a panel of European grandees. Although the report does not mention them by name, it clearly targets French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who have both said that Turkey can never be allowed to join the E.U.
This hostility has not been missed by the Turkish. Turkey itself has to take some blame for the impasse. Is Turkey appeasing the EU? - Inside Story. The Turkish government led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the prime minister, has decided to return properties confiscated from religious minorities 75 years ago. According to a decree issued this week, property taken away from minority religious foundations under a 1936 declaration will be returned to them. The Turkish government says it will pay compensation for properties that were seized and later sold.
Minority foundations will have 12 months to apply to Turkish authorities to reclaim their property. The European Commission quickly welcomed the decree, but said in a statement that it will monitor closely the implementation of this new legislation. The World Factbook. ShowIntroduction :: TURKEY Panel - Collapsed Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks.
" Under his leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government.