High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating colon's lining, protects against infection. It sounds like the plot of a 1950s science fiction movie: normal, helpful bacteria that begin to eat their host from within, because they don't get what they want.
Marathon mind: How brain training could smash world records. Nadine Rupp/Bongarts/Getty AT THE 2014 Berlin marathon, Kenya’s Dennis Kimetto beat everyone who has ever run the 42.2-kilometre race, blazing his way to a new world record time of 2:02.57.
Shaving 26 seconds off the previous best was an extraordinary achievement, particularly for a man who only began training seriously in 2010. And yet Kimetto was 3 minutes off the 2-hour mark – the fabled barrier considered by many as the greatest challenge left in sport. Sports scientists will give you a familiar list of what is required to break that barrier: as high an oxygen capacity as has ever been recorded, impeccable running economy, a pancake-flat course, perfect temperatures and top-notch pacemakers. Boost C-section babies by giving them vaginal bacteria. Drinking Causes Gut Microbe Imbalance Linked to Liver Disease.
Alcohol harms the liver in two ways, by damaging the organ’s cells directly and by disrupting gut microbiota, which can scar the liver.
Now researchers have figured out the mechanism behind the microbial imbalance due to drinking and could use the information to devise treatments for liver disease and a broad range of other medical conditions ranging from irritable bowel syndrome to autism. “We’ve known for a very long time that patients with heavy drinking and alcohol use suffered an intestinal dysbiosis, where bacteria in the gut increase and they suffer from liver disease,” says University of California, San Diego, research gastroenterologist Bernd Schnabl, who had seen similar outcomes in mouse models. “If we give rodents nonabsorbable antibiotics, get rid of the flora, they essentially are protected from liver disease. Study reveals a key role your gut bacteria play in body's self-defense. Chalk up another reason why your gut bacteria are so critical to your health—and why these microorganisms could be the key to preventing a host of diseases.
Scientists in Sweden have discovered that human intestinal flora regulate the levels of the body's main antioxidant, glutathione, which fights a host of diseases. The study could lead to new probiotic-delivering foods, and a better understanding of the metabolic processes behind diseases such as type 2 diabetes, says co-author Adil Mardinoglu, a systems biology researcher at Stockholm's KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Published in the scientific journal, Molecular Systems Biology, the findings help complete our understanding of how nonessential amino acids are synthesized to equip the body's cells with detoxifying agents and antioxidants, Mardinoglu says. Your stomach bacteria determines which diet is best for weight reduction. New research enables "tailored" diet advice -- based on our personal gut microbiome -- for persons who want to lose weight and reduce the risk of disease.
150622182034. Smart probiotics: Wiring friendly bacteria to take out disease - health - 04 June 2015. Bugs on patrol (Image: Brett Ryder MATTHEW WOOK CHANG has opened an academy for assassins.
Toddler temperament could be influenced by different types of gut bacteria. The next time your toddler acts adventurous, shy, fidgety or cuddly, you might be able to blame the bacteria in his gut.
Researchers from The Ohio State University studied microbes from the gastrointestinal tracts of children between the age of 18 and 27 months, and found that the abundance and diversity of certain bacterial species appear to impact behavior, particularly among boys. The correlation exists even after the scientists factored in history of breastfeeding, diet and the method of childbirth -- all of which are known to influence the type of microbes that populate a child's gut.
Study authors say they aren't looking for a way to help parents modify the 'terrible twos,' but for clues about how -- and where -- chronic illnesses like obesity, asthma, allergies and bowel disease start. Common ingredient in packaged food may trigger inflammatory disease. The ingredients that lend a smooth, stable consistency to ice cream, chocolate bars, and other packaged snacks may promote certain chronic inflammatory diseases.
That’s the claim of a new study, which finds increases in metabolic disease and intestinal inflammation in mice fed two common emulsifiers used in processed food. Composition of your gut bacteria may be inherited - health - 06 November 2014. Composition of your gut bacteria may be inherited - health - 06 November 2014. Your genes influence everything from eye colour to risk of disease – and now it appears they shape the collection of bacteria that line your gut.
Tweaking these bugs – rather than the genes themselves – may be a way to treat inherited diseases and perhaps even protect against obesity. The bugs in your gut are vital to your health. An imbalance of gut bacteria has been linked to all kinds of problems, from obesity and diabetes to heart disease and dementia. Enlist our microbiomes in the fight against cancer - opinion - 28 October 2014. THE human body is occupied by trillions of microorganisms, acquired at birth and maintained throughout our lifetime.
Though we are mostly oblivious to this microbiome, it forms an intimate and essential part of our being. It is involved in many vital biological processes such as nutrition, the immune system and even mental health. Now evidence is mounting that the microbiome plays a role in cancer too. Could Multiple Sclerosis Begin in the Gut? Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an electrical disorder, or rather one of impaired myelin, a fatty, insulating substance that better allows electric current to bolt down our neurons and release the neurotransmitters that help run our bodies and brains. Researchers have speculated for some time that the myelin degradation seen in MS is due, at least in part, to autoimmune activity against the nervous system.
Recent work presented at the MS Boston 2014 Meeting suggests that this aberrant immune response begins in the gut. Could Multiple Sclerosis Begin in the Gut?