Bible and Politics
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The Nag Hammadi Library, a collection of thirteen ancient codices containing over fifty texts, was discovered in upper Egypt in 1945. This immensely important discovery includes a large number of primary "Gnostic Gospels" -- texts once thought to have been entirely destroyed during the early Christian struggle to define "orthodoxy" -- scriptures such as the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, and the Gospel of Truth. The discovery and translation of the Nag Hammadi library, completed in the 1970's, has provided impetus to a major re-evaluation of early Christian history and the nature of Gnosticism.
The scrolls and scroll fragments recovered in the Qumran environs represent a voluminous body of Jewish documents, a veritable "library", dating from the third century B.C.E. to 68 C.E.
Maimonides’ 13 Foundations of Judaism Translated by Marc Mermelstein Due to the vital importance of these principles, as you will read in Maimonides’ closing remark, I wish to make them available for all to read. I thank Marc Mermelstein for his efforts in this translation.
This article, scanned in and unproofed, is from The Jewish Encyclopedia , (NY: Funk and Wagnalls, 19061910), under the editorship of Cyrus Adler. It is now in the public domain. No Fixed Dogmas In the same sense as Christianity or Islam, Judaism can not be credited with the possession of Articles of Faith. Many attempts have indeed been made at systematizing and reducing to a fixed phraseology and sequence the contents of the Jewish religion.