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Global Context: Afghanistan

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Afghanistan - Education for All Report. Education in Afghanistan – the Good, the Bad and the Ugly. By Shelly Kittleson (kabul)Wednesday, June 26, 2013Inter Press Service KABUL, Jun 26 (IPS) - Despite impressive advancements in enrolment rates, media reports of gas attacks on girls' schools, shoddy books, and a lack of classroom facilities continue to mar the reputation of the education system in Afghanistan.

Students at the Afghanistan National Institute of Music. Credit: Shelly Kittleson/IPS Many locals feel that landmark developments such as the enrolment of roughly eight million children – 37 percent of whom are girls - compared to the 900,000 exclusively male students enroled under the Taliban go largely unreported. Other, less obvious changes, such as the gradual removal of references to war and violence from school textbooks, have also escaped media attention, said former human rights commissioner Nader Nadery.

Education Minister Spokesman Amanullah Eman told IPS that youth now learn about hitherto taboo subjects like tolerance and the dangers and diseases associated with drug-use. Breaking the cycle report 2015. Expanding Opportunities for Education in Kabul. Year by year, the students are increasing and school improvements are also happening. The changes have been good but it is still very difficult for us,” says Bahadari. The transformation has been dramatic. In 2001, the place was known as ‘the burned school,’ because it was largely destroyed by conflict in the area, she says. But gradually the community re-established the school, and the Ministry of Education’s Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP), supported by the World Bank and Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), also started providing assistance in 2007.

Afghanistan’s education system was largely destroyed as the result of decades of war, and girls were not allowed to attend school under the Taliban. EQUIP aims to increase access to education, particularly for girls, through school grants and teacher training. With assistance from EQUIP at Nahid Shahid School, the school shura was created and its 15 members promptly set about recruiting students. The Benefits of Education. United Nations Official Document. Acid attacks: What Afghan girls risk by going to school. "People are crazy," said Razia Jan, founder of a girls' school outside Kabul. "The day we opened the school, (on) the other side of town, they threw hand grenades in a girls' school, and 100 girls were killed. "It is heartbreaking to see the way these terrorists treat ... women," said Jan, 68. "In their eyes, a women is an object that they can control. They are scared that when these girls get an education, they will become aware of their rights as women and as a human being.

" Despite the threat of violence, Jan continues to open the doors of her Zabuli Education Center, a two-story, 14-room building where 354 area girls are receiving a free education. "Most of the (local) men and women are illiterate," Jan said. Seven small villages make up Deh'Subz, where the school is located. Threatening behavior On the evening before the school opened in 2008, four men paid her a visit. Jan has not seen the men since. "You can't be afraid of people," she said. Landmark moment "My school is very small. Aid Afghanistan for Education. Attack on Afghani Children.

Children, Not Soldiers: Afghanistan Fact Sheet The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/70/836–S/2016/360) issued on 20 April 2016. Children were disproportionately affected by the intensifying conflict in Afghanistan. The number of child casualties verified by the United Nations has risen by 14 per cent since 2014 and reached the highest number ever recorded. One in four civilian casualties in 2015 was a child. The number of verified cases of recruitment and use of children more than doubled compared with 2014. A total of 116 cases (115 boys, 1 girl) were documented during the reporting period, of which 48 were verified. Thirteen verified recruitment cases were attributed to the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces: five to the Afghan Local Police five to the Afghan National Police and three to the Afghan National Army.

The United Nations received 11 reports of sexual violence, affecting nine boys and six girls. Enhancement of Literacy in Afghanistan (ELA) program. Enhancement of Literacy in Afghanistan (ELA) program Afghanistan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, currently estimated at about 31% of the adult population (over 15 years of age). Female literacy levels are on average 17%, with high variation, indicating a strong geographical and gender divide. The highest female literacy rate, for instance is 34.7%, found in the capital, Kabul, while rate as low as 1.6% is found in two southern provinces of the country.. Male literacy rates average about 45%, again with high variation. The highest male literacy rates are in Kabul, at 68%, while the lowest is found in Helmand, at 41%. This high variation between male and female literacy rate, is due to combination of factors, such as cultural norm of women not attending school and spending time managing the household, security problems in travelling to classes, and sometimes family not allowing women to attend classes.

Since 2008, the programme has been implemented in three phases. World's Children's Prize - “Why can’t girls go to school?” “My heart burned for my people. I wanted to help those affected by the war, particularly the women and children.” When war hits Afghanistan, Sakena travels to the Afghan refugee camps, where she gets a job as a manager of a teacher training program. Soon she opens a school for girls. And another. Death threats and bodyguardsSometimes Sakena gets death threats from men who don’t believe girls should be allowed to go to school. >Read about Sakena Yacoobis life in the magazine. No school for almost half of Afghan children. KABUL: Almost half of school-age children in Afghanistan do not have access to education, President Hamid Karzai said Saturday as he inaugurated the new school year. Eight years since the repressive Taliban regime was overthrown, 42 per cent children still do not attend or have access to schools.

(Photo: RFE/RL) Despite a seven-fold increase in the number of children going to school in the eight years since the repressive Taliban regime was overthrown, 42 per cent still do not attend or have access to schools, Karzai said. “Five million school-age children in our country do not go to school, some because of war or because their schools have been closed by the Taliban or others, some because they do not have the ability to go to schools,” he said. In early 2002, fewer than one million children - only boys - attended 3,400 schools across the country, taught by 20,000 male teachers, said education minister Mohammad Farooq Wardak.

Afghan girls risk their lives to go to secret school | World news. In a small, sunlit room last week, 20 little girls seated on rush mats sketched a flower drawn on the blackboard. In a darker, interior room, 15 older girls recited passages from the Koran. Upstairs was a class of teenage girls, hidden from view. The location of the mud-walled home school is a close secret. The students include five girls who attended another home school that was burnt down three months ago. The very existence of these classes is a challenge to the insurgents who have attacked dozens of schools across Afghanistan in the past year, especially those teaching girls. Children's education was once touted as a success in this new democracy. Now that positive tide has come to a halt in several provinces where Taliban insurgents are battling Nato troops, and has slowed dramatically in many other regions. In the southern province of Kandahar, all schools are closed in five districts. In the 1990s, civil conflict and religious repression hampered education.

Girls Education Problems in Afghanistan - School of Leadership, Afghanistan. Education in Afghanistan. History[edit] One of the oldest schools in Afghanistan is the Habibia High School in Kabul, which was built by King Habibullah Khan in 1903 to educate students from the nation's elite class. In the 1920s, the German-funded Amani High School opened in Kabul, and about a decade later two French lycées (secondary schools) began, the AEFE and the Lycée Esteqlal. The Kabul University was established in 1932. Afghan female students in 2002 Education was improved under the rule of King Zahir Shah between 1933 and 1973,[4] making primary schools available to about half the population who were younger than 12 years of age and expanding the secondary school system and Kabul University.

After the overthrow of the Taliban in late 2001, the Karzai administration received substantial international aid to restore the education system. Students standing in front of the main campus of Herat University in western Afghanistan. Typical classroom in rural Afghanistan Challenges to education development[edit] Brookings. Education - Afghanistan - average, system. Photo by: Oleksandr Rozhkov Adult illiteracy for the year 2002 for males was 49%; females, 79%. This is the highest illiteracy rate in Asia. Education is free at all levels. Primary education lasts for six years and is theoretically compulsory for 6 years, but only 53% of boys and 5% of girls were enrolled in elementary school in 2002. Boys and girls are schooled separately.

A teacher has on average 58 pupils in an elementary school classroom, but only 28 students in a secondary school classroom. In addition to the secular public education system, the traditional Islamic madrassa school system is functioning. Under the Taliban regime, girls were not allowed to have education at all levels. The University of Kabul, which is now coeducational, was founded in 1932. Afghan Woman Who Once Went to School in Disguise Opens Boarding School for Girls | Innovators.

When Shabana Basij-Rasikh was a child, she dressed up like a boy to walk to school in Taliban-held Afghanistan. Now 24, she is once again defying the odds in her country—this time in her drive to develop an internationally accredited boarding school for girls. Afghanistan has seen vast improvements in education. There are more than 14,000 educational institutions, and a national curriculum has been established after 30 years of conflict. But education remains a challenge for girls and women.

Only 12 percent of Afghan women are literate, and among school-age children, 38 percent (4.2 million children, the majority of them girls) do not have access to schools. Yet in a country where some families don't allow older girls out of the house, Basij-Rasikh wants parents to send their girls away from home to study. You have been named a National Geographic Emerging Explorer for this year. In the beginning when I first got the call, I just couldn't believe it. The girls are 12 to 18.

She's not. Afghan School. UNICEF Afghanistan - Education - Basic education and gender equality. Basic education and gender equality Education Under the Taliban, violence and intimidation were used to prevent girls and women from attending school. After the regime’s fall in 2001, UNICEF became the Government’s leading partner in the reconstruction of the education sector, a relationship that continues today. On 24 March 2002, at the start of the Afghan New Year and only three months after the interim government was created, three million Afghan children (one third of them girls) gained access to 3,000 schools across Afghanistan with the support of UNICEF led Back-to-School-Campaign.

Many of these children were entering a formal classroom for the first time in six years. Since then, education in Afghanistan has witnessed tremendous gains. More than 8.3 million children are in school in Afghanistan today and nearly 40 per cent of them are girls. There are four key components under the education programme. Key achievements: Number of Afghani Children in Primary School. Dailytimes | UNHCR chief calls for inclusive education for all including Afghan refugees. PESHAWAR: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi has urged the international community to invest more in youth empowerment and education.

He said that the current emergencies have increased global concern about the additional risks faced by children who do not have access to educational opportunities. The high commissioner noted that protracted refugee-hosting countries need additional support for education. “Emphasis on education particularly becomes vital at a time when children below the age of 18 constitute 51 per cent of the total 65.3 million globally displaced people,” he said at the occasion of the inauguration ceremony of a Government Girls Primary School in Daad Behsud, Nowshera on Thursday. The UNHCR rehabilitated the existing structure of school through German funding and constructed eight additional classrooms, toilets, and overhauling of the entire building, provision of furniture, sports goods and aid kits. Education | Afghanistan. Three decades of conflict devastated Afghanistan’s education systems and institutions. In 2002, an estimated 900,000 boys attended school, while women and girls were almost completely excluded from educational opportunities.

Since then, the Afghan government, USAID, and international donors have worked closely to rebuild Afghanistan’s education sector. The Ministry of Education, with support from USAID and other donors, has built more than 13,000 schools, recruited and trained more than 186,000 teachers, and increased net enrollment rates for school-aged children past 56 percent. Today, more than 8 million students are enrolled in school, including more than 2.5 million girls. In 2013, one million Afghan learners are enrolled in schools with USAID assistance, and over 5 million primary grade students benefitted from USAID assistance. USAID partners with the Afghan Gov-ernment and other donors to strengthen Afghanistan’s education system.

Current Projects: Completed Projects: Education in Afghanistan — Razia's Ray of Hope. Public education is a relatively recent concept in Afghanistan. It wasn't until 1969 that the Afghan government legislated free, mandatory education for children between the ages of 7 and 15. Unfortunately, the provision of schools, teachers, and books lagged far behind the legislation. Before 1969, schools existed, but whether or not a child attended school was completely up to his or her family. Some families thought that education was important and made sacrifices to secure their children’s education, including sending them away to relatives if local schooling wasn't available. It was still possible to receive an education, and determined families with sufficient resources could educate their children. During the Soviet occupation, the Soviets were interested in building up the education system and extending education into the rural areas but their efforts failed.

Under the Taliban, secular education did not exist. Sponsoring one student is only $300 a year. Starting from scratch: Afghanistan continues to build its education system. What country governments need to better measure the SDGs. Afghanistan and the Sustainable Development Goals. Women's Education in Afghanistan. Children in Afghanistan struggle to access education and healthcare. Life as an Afghan woman - Trust in Education. A Rare Success Story in Afghanistan: Education. In Afghanistan, women and girls strive to get an education. UNICEF 2011 Education Factsheet. Afghanistan Girls Education 2011.