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Manchester Airport. Airport in Manchester, England Manchester Airport (IATA: MAN, ICAO: EGCC) is an international airport at Ringway, Manchester, England, 7.5 nautical miles (13.9 km; 8.6 mi) south-west of Manchester city centre.[2][4] In 2016, it was the third busiest airport in the United Kingdom in terms of passenger numbers and the busiest outside London.[3][5] The airport comprises three passenger terminals and a goods terminal, and is the only airport in the UK other than Heathrow Airport to operate two runways over 3,280 yd (2,999 m) in length. Manchester Airport covers an area of 560 hectares (1,400 acres) and has flights to 199 destinations, placing the airport thirteenth globally for total destinations served.[6] Officially opened on 25 June 1938,[7] it was initially known as Ringway Airport, and is still called this locally.

In the Second World War, as RAF Ringway, it was a base for the Royal Air Force. History[edit] Circa 1925 map of the area where Manchester Airport and Wythenshawe now are. Expansion of Gatwick Airport. The expansion of Gatwick Airport has involved several proposals aimed at increasing airport capacity in south east England and relieving congestion at the main hub airport Heathrow.

Proposals[edit] Gate area inside the North Terminal, showing flight information screens Several options to expand Gatwick have been considered, including a third terminal and a second runway to the south of the existing runway. This would allow Gatwick to handle more passengers than Heathrow does today. If a second, wide-spaced (as opposed to close parallel) runway is approved, a new terminal could be sited between the two runways.

This could either complement or replace the current South Terminal, depending on expected future traffic developments.[3] Second runway[edit] In 1979, an agreement was reached with West Sussex County Council not to build a second runway before 2019.[4] On 2 December 2009, the House of Commons Transport Select Committee published a report entitled The future of aviation. Liverpool John Lennon Airport. Liverpool John Lennon Airport (IATA: LPL, ICAO: EGGP) is an international airport serving North West England. On the outbreak of World War II the airport was operated by the RAF and known as RAF Speke. The airport is within the City of Liverpool on the banks of the estuary of the River Mersey some 6.5 nautical miles (12.0 km; 7.5 mi)[1] south east of the city centre.

The airport is named after Liverpudlian musician John Lennon of The Beatles. Scheduled domestic and European services are operated from the airport. History[edit] The interior of the terminal building in 2006 Built in part of the grounds of Speke Hall, Liverpool (Speke) Airport, as the airport was originally known, started scheduled flights in 1930 with a service by Imperial Airways via Barton Aerodrome near Eccles, Salford and Castle Bromwich Aerodrome, Birmingham to Croydon Airport near London.

During the World War II, Speke was requisitioned by the Royal Air Force and known as RAF Speke. Southern Terminal (1986)[edit] Norwich International Airport. Norwich International Airport (IATA: NWI, ICAO: EGSH), also known as Norwich Airport, is an airport in the City of Norwich within Norfolk, England 2.8 NM (5.2 km; 3.2 mi) north of the city centre and on the edge of the city's suburbs at Hellesdon. In 2014 Norwich airport was the 29th busiest airport in the UK.[2] Along with a long history of flights to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol via KLM Cityhopper (formerly KLM UK), it offers flights to various destinations in the United Kingdom and Europe.

Besides the commercial flights, charter operators also operate out of Norwich. Bristow Helicopters, DanCopter and Bond Offshore Helicopters fly crews to North Sea gas rigs and SaxonAir operates executive, private aircraft and helicopter charter flights. History[edit] The first Norwich airport was set up on a former First World War aerodrome on Mousehold Heath under what is now the Heartsease housing estate.

This fell into disuse in the early part of the Second World War. RAF Horsham St Faith[edit] Airports Commission. The Airports Commission is an independent commission established in September 2012 by the Government of the United Kingdom to consider how the UK can “maintain its status as an international hub for aviation and immediate actions to improve the use of existing runway capacity in the next 5 years”.[1] Alongside the proposal to build HS2, the question of how to make best use of and expand airport capacity has become the UK's most significant infrastructure issue over the last few years.

Background[edit] Expansion of London’s airports[edit] Since the 1980s finding solutions to address the shortage of airport capacity has become more difficult because of the growth and development of Heathrow Airport as the UK’s only hub airport, as opposed to all other UK airports which are based on the point to point airport operating model. The provision of additional capacity at major point to point airports, such as Gatwick or Stansted, would not address the UK’s shortage of hub airport capacity. [edit] Glasgow Airport. Glasgow Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Eadar-nàiseanta Ghlaschu, also unofficially Glasgow International Airport, IATA: GLA[4], ICAO: EGPF), formerly Glasgow Abbotsinch Airport, is an international airport in Scotland, located 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) west[1] of Glasgow city centre.

In 2014 the airport handled over 7.7 million passengers, a 4.8% annual increase, making it the second busiest in Scotland, after Edinburgh Airport, and the eighth busiest airport in the United Kingdom. It is the primary airport serving the Greater Glasgow conurbation and is the principal transatlantic and direct longhaul entry airport into Scotland. The airport is owned and operated by AGS Airports which also owns and operates Aberdeen and Southampton Airports. It was previously owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings (formerly known as BAA).[5] The airport's largest tenants are British Airways and Loganair (currently franchising using Flybe), the latter using it as a hub. 1940[edit] Gatwick Airport. Gatwick Airport[nb 1] (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is 2.7 nautical miles (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) north of the centre of Crawley,[1] West Sussex, and 29.5 miles (47.5 km) south of Central London.[4] Also known as London Gatwick,[1] it is London's second-largest international airport and the second-busiest (by total passenger traffic) in the United Kingdom (after Heathrow).[5] Gatwick is Europe's leading airport for point-to-point flights[nb 2][6] and has the world's busiest single-use runway, with a maximum of 55 aircraft movements per hour.[7] Its two terminals (North and South) cover an area of 98,000 m2 (1,050,000 sq ft) and 160,000 m2 (1,700,000 sq ft), respectively.[8] In 2014, 38.1 million passengers passed through the airport, a 7.5 per cent increase compared with 2013.[2] History[edit] The land on which Gatwick Airport stands was first developed as an aerodrome in the late 1920s.

Ownership[edit] Operations[edit] Gatwick's North Terminal building and transit station Facilities[edit] Security[edit] Birmingham Airport. The airport offers both domestic flights within the UK, and international flights to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, North America and the Caribbean. Passenger throughput in 2014 was about 9.7 million, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport.[3] However, the airport is the sixth in terms of international passengers.

Location[edit] Birmingham Airport is 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east-south-east of Birmingham city centre, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It is bordered by the National Exhibition Centre to the east, Marston Green to the north, Sheldon to the west, and the village of Bickenhill to the south. It is primarily served by the A45 main road, and is near Junction 6 of the M42 motorway. It is connected by the elevated AirRail Link with Birmingham International railway station on the West Coast Main Line.

History[edit] Where Birmingham Airport is now, as it was around 1921. World War II[edit] 1950 – 2000[edit] 2001 – 2010[edit] Cargo[edit] List of the busiest airports in Germany. George Best Belfast City Airport. George Best Belfast City Airport (IATA: BHD, ICAO: EGAC) is a single-runway airport in Belfast, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Situated adjacent to the Port of Belfast[1] it is 3 mi (5 km) from Belfast City Centre. It shares the site with the Short Brothers/Bombardier aircraft manufacturing facility. The airport began commercial operations in 1983. The airport was formerly known as "Belfast City Airport" until it was renamed in 2006 in memory of George Best, the professional footballer from Belfast.[3] The airport handled over 2.7 million passengers in 2010, a record total for the airport, though the total was over 2.5 million in 2014.[2] History[edit] Early years[edit] Sydenham Airport was established by Shorts beside its Belfast factory at Sydenham, Belfast in 1937.

In 1983, following interest from airlines and customers, the airfield was opened for commercial flights as Belfast Harbour Airport (subsequently Belfast City Airport and now in its current guise). Statistics[edit] Rail[edit] Heathrow Airport. Heathrow Airport (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL) is a major international airport in west London, England. Heathrow is the busiest airport in the United Kingdom, busiest airport in Europe by passenger traffic, third busiest airport in the world by total passenger traffic. In 2014, it handled a record 73.4 million passengers, a 1.4 percent increase from 2013.[4] Heathrow lies 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) west of Central London,[2] and has two parallel east–west runways along with four operational terminals on a site that covers 12.14 square kilometres (4.69 sq mi).

The airport is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings, which itself is owned by FGP TopCo Limited, an international consortium led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group that includes Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and Government of Singapore Investment Corporation.[5] Heathrow is the primary hub for British Airways and the primary operating base for Virgin Atlantic. Location[edit] History[edit] Operations[edit] Cargo[edit] Belfast International Airport. Belfast International Airport (IATA: BFS, ICAO: EGAA) is a major airport located 11.5 NM (21.3 km; 13.2 mi)[2] northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland. It was formerly known and is still referred to as Aldergrove Airport, after the nearby village of Aldergrove, which lies immediately to the west of the airport. The airfield was previously shared with the Royal Air Force base RAF Aldergrove, which closed in 2008; the base is now known as Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station, Aldergrove, and both runways are now owned by the airport.

Around 4 million passengers travelled through the airport in 2014, roughly the same as in 2013.[3] Belfast International is the busiest airport in Northern Ireland and the second busiest airport on the island of Ireland in terms of passenger numbers after Dublin Airport, and is followed by Belfast-City, Cork and Shannon. History[edit] 1917-1945[edit] During the Second World War, Aldergrove remained an RAF station particularly for the Coastal Command. City of Derry Airport. City of Derry Airport (IATA: LDY, ICAO: EGAE) is an airport located 7 mi (11 km) northeast of Derry, Northern Ireland.[3] It is located on the south bank of Lough Foyle, a short distance from the village of Eglinton and 8 mi (13 km) from the city centre. The location of the airport beside a RSPB bird sanctuary[4] has been a matter of concern for some time following several reported bird strikes, the latest being on 3 August 2009.[5][6] Passenger numbers in 2014 were 350,257, a 9.0% decrease compared with 2013.[2] History[edit] City of Derry Airport lies 8 miles outside of Derry and neighbours the village of Eglinton. 1945 to 1989[edit] 1989 to 2006[edit] Fuel Tanks currently displayed at the airport from the Virgin Atlantic Flyer, the transatlantic hot air balloon, which landed four miles away in 1987 During 1998 and 1999 safety improvements were undertaken at the airport as a matter of priority.

Aer Arann operated services to Manchester and Birmingham for a short time.[8] 2006 to 2011[edit] Kerry Airport. Kerry Airport (Irish: Aerfort Chiarraí), often called Farranfore Airport, is an airport in Farranfore, Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland. It is 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) north[1] of Killarney and the Ring of Kerry, and 8 nautical miles (15 km; 9.2 mi) south-east[1] of Tralee. Passenger services are operated by Stobart Air for Aer Lingus Regional, and Ryanair.[3] History[edit] Kerry Airport was incorporated as a public limited company in July 1968 with its main objective of building and managing an airport at Farranfore. Various share capital fund raising programmes were undertaken and together with great assistance from the various statutory bodies over the years, the airport has developed from a runway of 1,090 metres x 23 metres commissioned in 1969 to a runway of 1,239m x 30m commissioned in 1989 and a new runway of 2,000m x 45m was opened in May 1994.

The airport is a public limited company (PLC) but not quoted on any stock exchange. Government support[edit] Statistics[edit] British Airways plans unveiled for Dreamliner and A380. On Wednesday, a Boeing 787 Dreamliner will land in London, fresh off the Boeing production line in Seattle (where engineers will have fitted new batteries to make sure it does not catch fire as earlier models have). BA’s finest will be there to greet it. They will be back on the tarmac a week later to welcome their second new baby – a very big baby. The national flag carrier’s first Airbus A380 “superjumbo” will fly in from Airbus headquarters in Toulouse. The jets are the first all-new long-haul aircraft BA has introduced since the first Boeing 747 jumbo landed at Heathrow more than a generation ago. Overall, BA is spending £5 billion on 12 Airbus A380s and 24 787s between now and 2017.

To cap it all, BA’s 100-strong short-haul fleet of Airbus A321s, A320s and A319s will be refitted, from the pointy end to the loos in the back, over the next two years. All he has to do is make BA’s software – its service – as good as its hangar-fresh hardware. On the ground. Newcastle Airport. Newcastle International Airport (IATA: NCL, ICAO: EGNT) is an international airport located near the Woolsington area of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] north-west of the city centre. In 2013 it was the 10th busiest airport in the United Kingdom.[2] History[edit] The Airport was opened on 26 July 1935 as Woolsington Aerodrome by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Phillip Cunliffe-Lister. Incorporating a clubhouse, hangar, workshops, fuel garage and grass runway, at the time it cost £35,000 to build.

[citation needed] Although during World War II the main airport in the region was located at Cramlington in Northumberland, following the war a decision was taken to concentrate development on the present airport site. The 1960s saw tremendous growth in passenger numbers at the Airport. Newcastle Airport in 1972 Newcastle Airport's control tower In August 2004 an extended and refurbished Departure Terminal was opened.

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