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Assignment Ethnic Music North America

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Jazz. Musical style and genre The 1950s saw the emergence of free jazz, which explored playing without regular meter, beat and formal structures, and in the mid-1950s, hard bop emerged, which introduced influences from rhythm and blues, gospel, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. Modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock music's rhythms, electric instruments, and highly amplified stage sound.

In the early 1980s, a commercial form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful, garnering significant radio airplay. Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin and Afro-Cuban jazz. Etymology and definition American jazz composer, lyricist, and pianist Eubie Blake made an early contribution to the genre's etymology Elements and issues Improvisation In early Dixieland, a.k.a. Blues. Jazz Instruments. A music genre that sprang up in the early 20th century in the African-American community came to be known as jazz. The slaves from Africa, brought along with them their rich musical culture. In America, these slaves learned to play European instruments like the violin and incorporated them in their style of playing.

Many African-Americans played pianos in bars to earn their livelihoods after the abolition of slavery. Places like New Orleans were a hot bed for musicians playing their jazz instruments to create new sounds. Jazz music has evolved over the ages and has seen the inclusion of many instruments in this genre of music. The Most Common Jazz Instruments Trumpets A brass instrument with three valves, it is played by blowing air into the mouth piece.

Double Bass A double bass is large stringed instrument, resembling a big violin, which has a hollow wooden body with four metal strings. Saxophone Piano In jazz, the piano is the most popular instrument. Drums Trombone Clarinet Guitar Horns. Norah Jones - Come Away With Me. Broadcast Yourself. Breaux Freres-Ma Blonde Est Partie. Cajun Music History. Cajun music. Cajun music, an emblematic music of Louisiana, is rooted in the ballads of the French-speaking Acadians of Canada. Cajun music is often mentioned in tandem with the Creole-based, Cajun-influenced zydeco form, both of Acadiana origin. These French Louisiana sounds have influenced American popular music for many decades, especially country music, and have influenced pop culture through mass media, such as television commercials.

Aural analysis[edit] Cajun music is relatively harsh with an infectious beat and a lot of forward drive, placing the accordion at the center. Besides the voices, only two melodic instruments are heard, the accordion and fiddle, but usually in the background can also be heard the high, clear tones of a metal triangle. Subgenres of Cajun music[edit] Traditional Cajun[edit] Country and Texas swing Cajun[edit] Main article: Western swing This style involves heavy elements of Texas country music influence and a move away from the traditional accordion. Dancehall Cajun[edit] Cajun Music. Tejano music. Tejano music or Tex-Mex music (Texan-Mexican music) is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Mexican-American populations of Central and Southern Texas. With roots in the late 19th century, it became a music genre with a wider audience in the late 20th century thanks to artists such as Selena (often referred to as "The Queen of Tejano"), Mazz, La Mafia, La Sombra, Elida Reyna, Elsa García, Laura Canales, Oscar Estrada, Jay Perez, Emilio Navaira, Gary Hobbs, Shelly Lares, Stefani Montiel, David Lee Garza, Jennifer Peña, and La Fiebre.

Origins[edit] Europeans from Germany (first during Spanish time and 1830s), Poland, and what is now the Czech Republic migrated to Texas and Mexico, bringing with them their style of music and dance. They brought with them the waltz, polkas, and other popular forms of music and dance. At the turn of the century, Tejanos were mostly involved in ranching and agriculture. Elements[edit] Tejano music was born in Texas. Tejano: Local Music, Global Identity | Grantmakers in the Arts. Published in: GIA Reader, Vol 25, No 3 (Fall 2014), 2014 Conference Proceedings Juan Tejeda Flaco Jiménez with Los Caminantes (the band he made his first recordings with for Rio Records). San Antonio, mid to late 1950s. Photo courtesy the Arhoolie Foundation, all rights reserved. Welcome to Texas, birthplace and home of Tejano music. Tejano in Spanish simply means “Texan.”

Even as embattled as Tejano music has been since its beginnings in the mid-1800s in a racist and segregationist society following the Mexican-American War, and in its position amid a mainstream commercial media in the United States that espouses such things as “English only,” the music has survived and continues to be an important and viable form of creative expression and cultural identity for the Tejano/MeXicano people. Tejanos are primarily Mexicans living in Texas. This mestizo population revolted against the oppressive españoles, and Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. Tejano music is dance music. Selena - Bidi Bidi Bom Bom.

History of Tejano Music. “Texas” comes from the Hasinai word táysha, meaning “friend.” The Hasinai Confederation is part of the Caddo Nation Native American tribe from East Texas. The Caddo were one of the hundreds of different tribes that first inhabited the Texas – Mexico region. Today, many Tejanos trace their roots to the indigenous Native American, Mexican, Spanish, and African cultures.

A Tejano is more commonly known as a Texan of Mexican heritage with a history that goes back even to a time where Texas land was Mexican land. Mexican musicians in the Texas region used music as storytelling during the Mexican Revolution. Their music spoke of resistance and highlighted heroes such as Emiliano Zapata and Adelita, two freedom fighters along the Texas-Mexico borderlands. When Texas became a state, many Mexicanos were forced to give up land, move to Mexico, or assimilate as a “Mexican – American.”

A Tejano music mix cannot be complete without including music from el grupo Mazz. The link to the podcast is here.. Selena - Como La Flor & Baila Esta Cumbia. What Instruments Are Used in Salsa Music. The instruments used in salsa music vary depending upon the specific genre and the geographic influence, but the basic salsa setup demands a brass section, piano and a rhythm section. From these elements musicians create a singular sound representing a fusion of African and Spanish traditions. The key to salsa instrumentation is the beat, so percussion instruments are diverse and often numerous.

Types A salsa orchestra typically features the same instruments as in a jazz band: baritone, tenor and alto saxophones; a trumpet section; a trombone section; piano; an electric or upright bass; and the percussion section, which may feature conga drums, bongos, claves, cowbells, cascaras, cymbals and timbales. Geography Salsa has lit up the globe. Features One sees the strongest elements of salsa music's African influence in the types of drums musicians play. Considerations Salsa is an umbrella term for various Latin Caribbean and Cuban musical forms. Expert Insight Related Searches Promoted By Zergnet. Biography. Héctor Juan Pérez Martínez (September 30, 1946 – June 29, 1993),[3] better known as Héctor Lavoe, was a Puerto Rican salsa singer.[4] Lavoe was born and raised in the Machuelo Abajo barrio of Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Early in his life, he attended the Ponce Free School of Music known today as the Instituto de Música Juan Morel Campos,[5] and, inspired by Jesús Sánchez Erazo, developed an interest in music.[6] He moved to New York City on 3 May 1963, at the age of sixteen.[6] Shortly after his arrival, he worked as the singer in a sextet formed by Roberto García.[6] During this period, he performed with several other groups, including Orquesta New York, Kako All-Stars, and the Johnny Pacheco band.

In 1967, Lavoe joined Willie Colón's band as its vocalist,[7] recording several hit songs, including "El Malo" and "Canto a Borinquen". Early life Héctor attended the local Juan Morel Campos Public School of Music where the first instrument he learned to play was the saxophone. Music Lavoe goes solo. The History of Salsa Music. By Tijana Ilich Updated September 11, 2016. Salsa is a word that inspires an instant reaction in Latin music lovers everywhere. It is the rhythm, the dance, the musical excitement that sends millions of normally sedate non-Latinos to the dance floor where they meet their Latin neighbors, who are too busy enjoying the music to notice. Birthplace of Salsa There’s a lot of debate about the place where salsa was born. But there’s little doubt that if salsa had a passport, the date of birth would be the 1960s and stamped under place of birth would be New York, New York. Evolution of Salsa Between 1930 and 1960 there were musicians from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico and South America coming to New York to perform. continue reading below our video They brought their own native rhythms and musical forms with them, but as they listened to each other and played music together, the musical influences mixed, fused and evolved.

Of course, this musical hybridization was not a one-way street. The Name ‘Salsa’ Marc Anthony - Vivir Mi Vida. La Salsa LLégo - La Sonora Carruseles. Native American Pow wow Music Video 2010. Native American Musical Instruments. Native American Music Styles. Rose Ann Abrahamson (Lemhi-Shoshone) Women's Traditional Dancer from the book People of the Circle Michael Roberts (Choctaw-Chickasaw) Men's Fancy Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 Andrea "Sissy" Gopher (Chippewa/Cree/Jemez Pueblo) Jingle Dancer from the book People of the Circle Derwin Velarde (Jicarilla Apache) Men's Traditional Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 William Moore (Prairie Band Potawatomi) Men's Straight Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 Native American Music Styles There are many different styles of Native American music.

This is the music typically heard at powwows. Northern Style A Northern Style drum is a drum group which sings in the style of the Northern Plains tribes such as the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, Crow, Blackfeet and Cree. Southern Style A Southern Style drum sings in the style of the Southern Plains tribes such as the Ponca and Kiowa. And More... Native American music and culture. Music plays an integral role in the daily life of Native Americans. Music plays an integral role in the life of Native Americans. It is used for ceremonial purposes, recreation, expression, and healing. There are many different instruments used when making Native American music, including drums, flutes, and other percussion instruments. Perhaps the most important element of their music is the voice. Vocals are the backbone of the music made in Native American cultures. Many researchers feel that Native American music is some of the most complex ever performed. Related Stories: Native American Music Share This Page with Your Friends.

Bob Marley & The Wailers - Stir It Up. Bob marley - soul rebel. Reggae. Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady. Stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, African, and Latin American music, as well as other genres.

One of the most easily recognizable elements is offbeat rhythms; staccato chords played by a guitar or piano (or both) on the offbeats of the measure. The tempo of reggae is usually slower than ska and rocksteady.[1] The concept of "call and response" can be found throughout reggae music. Reggae has spread to many countries across the world, often incorporating local instruments and fusing with other genres. Etymology[edit] Havel. Edward Havel Rhetoric of Reggae Research Paper Professor Alfred Snider (Tuna) Drums and Bass Guitar: The Foundation of Reggae Music Reggae is a style of music that needs a strong backbone and a strong driving force. The drums are one of the most important instruments in reggae music. The reggae drum set is essentially a compacted form of all African drum and percussion elements. . ( This is Bob Marley and the Wailers playing a show.

“Percussionist, Uziah "Sticky" Thompson keeps Ziggy's rhythm light and danceable” ( This is an example of what a percussion player’s set up may look like. Reggae drums have fairly flexible guidelines. Another style of drumming is called Rockers invented by drum and bass duo, Sly and Robbie. If you listen to variety of reggae songs, you will realize that the drums sound more or less the same. New bass guitar methods emerged with rock steady. What Is Reggae Music? What Instruments Are Played in Reggae Music?