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La propriété intellectuelle à l'épreuve de l'impression 3D. Par Augustin Deschamps, Juriste. En effet, même si cette technologie existe depuis de nombreuses années, elle ne devient accessible aux particuliers que depuis peu.

La propriété intellectuelle à l'épreuve de l'impression 3D. Par Augustin Deschamps, Juriste.

La technique industrielle du dépôt de filament fondu qui permet l’impression d’objets en plastique a été brevetée dès les années 1980. Ce n’est qu’en 2009, après le passage de ce brevet dans le domaine public, que des centaines de start-up se sont emparées de cette technologie pour en exploiter le potentiel. Il est désormais possible d’acquérir sa propre imprimante 3D pour quelques centaines d’euros, et les distributeurs traditionnels de produits électroniques et d’électroménager ne tarderont pas à proposer ces machines directement en magasin.

Le leadership mondial de la fabrication d’imprimante est assumé par Stratasys, qui propose déjà une gamme destinée aux consommateurs. L’impression 3D est donc en passe de devenir personnelle : il est aujourd’hui possible d’imaginer, dessiner, modéliser puis fabriquer un objet quelconque. Electronic Law Journals - JILT 2001 (1) - Hutchinson. James P Hutchinson Brunel University jph@jameshutchinson.com.

Electronic Law Journals - JILT 2001 (1) - Hutchinson

New Frontiers in the Philosophy of Intellectual Property. The IPKat: G 3/08 (Software Patents) decision is out - Tufty the Cat vindicated. Back in October 2008, the IPKat reported on a referral that had been made by the EPO President Alison Brimelow to the Enlarged Board of Appeal on the subject of patents for computer-implemented inventions (or software patents for short).

The IPKat: G 3/08 (Software Patents) decision is out - Tufty the Cat vindicated

The issue has been commented on extensively, both here and elsewhere, and many observations (or 'amicus briefs', if you prefer) were filed in response to the referral. PCT – The International Patent System. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) assists applicants in seeking patent protection internationally for their inventions, helps patent Offices with their patent granting decisions, and facilitates public access to a wealth of technical information relating to those inventions.

PCT – The International Patent System

By filing one international patent application under the PCT, applicants can simultaneously seek protection for an invention in 148 countries throughout the world. Brown & Michaels - How to read a patent front page. Let's look at the front page of a typical patent.

Brown & Michaels - How to read a patent front page

We'll discuss each section on the front page, from left to right and top to bottom, identifying the sections by the number code in parenthesis before the section. These numbers, called "INID Codes", are used universally on all printed patents around the world, so that you can identify the information elements on a patent even if you do not speak the language. A complete list of these codes is available on this site. If any of the terms used in this explanation are unfamiliar, you will probably find them defined in our Patent Glossary. Sample patent front page, from Patent Number 6,763,791. Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information. The Council of the European Union takes position on the trade secrets draft-Directive – 26.05.2014 On 26 May 2014 the ministers at the Competitiveness Council agreed on a general approach relative to the proposal of the Commission for a Directive on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure.

Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information

Press release of the Council Commission proposes rules to help protect against the theft of confidential business information – 28.11.2013 The draft directive proposed by the Commission introduces a common definition of trade secrets, as well as means through which victims of trade secret misappropriation can obtain redress. Forrester Consulting survey reveals enterprises are under-investing in the protection of trade secrets - Forefront Team Blog. Microsoft and RSA, the Security Division of EMC, recently commissioned a Forrester Consulting survey of enterprise security managers about information protection.

Forrester Consulting survey reveals enterprises are under-investing in the protection of trade secrets - Forefront Team Blog

The results are available in a white paper called "The Value of Corporate Secrets," available here on Microsoft.com (see Technical Resources) and here on RSA.com. We issued a joint press release about it, too, available here. Microsoft and RSA have a strategic partnership around information protection solutions, announced more than a year ago. Chapter 10. Waelde et al: Contemporary Intellectual Property: Law and Policy 3e Para 10.5Why do you think that a period of 14 years was chosen, as opposed to 13 or 15 or some other figure?

Chapter 10

Hint: Consider the nature of the history of the system to this point Para 10.9What are the advantages of the premium system compared to the patent system? Equally, can you think of any disadvantages? The Center for International Environmental Law: Defending the right to a healthy planet. The Novartis Case in the EPO. TITLE: The Novartis Case in the EPO AUTHOR: Robin Nott PUBLICATION: European Intellectual Property Review, London, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 33-36 DATE: January 1999 SOURCE: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd URL: Robin Nott The Novartis Case in the EPO On February 21, 1995 the Technical Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) gave its decision in the Plant Genetic Systems (PGS) case (T356/93),[1] stating that claims in a patent which referred to plants (generally and without any reference to varieties) were invalid on the grounds that such claims fell within the exclusion of plant ... varieties under Article 53 (b) EPC.

The Novartis Case in the EPO

Notwithstanding that decision, claims to the transformed gene, which equally encompassed plants into which the gene had been inserted, were allowed. T 0019/90 (Onco-Mouse) of 3.10.1990. Summary of Facts and Submissions I.

T 0019/90 (Onco-Mouse) of 3.10.1990

European patent application No. 85 304 490.7, published as No. 0 169 672, was refused by the Examining Division in its decision of 14 July 1989 (OJ EPO 1989, 451). The application as refused had 19 claims, Claims 1, 17 and 18 reading as follows: "1. A method for producing a transgenic non-human mammalian animal having an increased probability of developing neoplasms, said method comprising introducing an activated oncogene sequence into a non-human mammalian animal at a stage no later than the 8- cell stage. 17. 18. II. The European Patent Convention. 15th Edition, October 2013. Littérature et droit ... Le droit d'auteur. L'exigence d'un caractère nouveau de l'invention L'invention pour être brevetable doit être nouvelle. 1) Principe. Articles L611-10 et l'article L611 viennent préciser ce que l'on entend par nouveauté.

Une invention est considérée comme nouvelle si elle n'est pas comprise dans l'état de la technique. L'état de la technique est défini à l'al 2 de l'article L611-11 : il est constitué par tout ce qui a été rendu accessible au public avant la date de dépôt de la demande de brevet par une description écrite ou orale, un usage ou tout autre moyen. » Il y a une extension de l'état de la technique à savoir le contenu de la demande de brevet français et de brevet européen et international désignant la France. -- La notion de nouveauté : elle se définit négativement. La nouveauté sera établie, constatée dès lors qu'on ne retrouve pas l'invention, objet de la demande de brevet, ou dans l'état de la technique.

World Intellectual Property Organization. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is the global forum for intellectual property services, policy, information and cooperation. WIPO Translate WIPO has developed a ground-breaking new “artificial intelligence”-based translation tool for patent documents.

WIPO Translate is free of charge and available through the PATENTSCOPE database. File, manage or search patents, trademarks, designs and appellations of origin. Not there yet? Follow policy discussions and negotiations on the future development of IP in our standing committees and meetings. Law.