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For John Searle 's Strong AI hypothesis, see Philosophy of artificial intelligence Strong AI is artificial intelligence that matches or exceeds human intelligence — the intelligence of a machine that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can. [ 1 ] It is a primary goal of artificial intelligence research and an important topic for science fiction writers and futurists . Strong AI is also referred to as " artificial general intelligence " or as the ability to perform "general intelligent action." [ 3 ] Strong AI is associated with traits such as consciousness , sentience , sapience and self-awareness observed in living beings. Some references emphasize a distinction between strong AI and "applied AI" [ 4 ] (also called "narrow AI" [ 1 ] or " weak AI " [ 5 ] ): the use of software to study or accomplish specific problem solving or reasoning tasks. Weak AI, in contrast to strong AI, does not attempt to simulate the full range of human cognitive abilities.
"Within thirty years, we will have the technological means to create superhuman intelligence . Shortly after, the human era will be ended." - Vernor Vinge, NASA Vision-21 Symposium, 1993 Defined as, "the intelligence of a machine that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can," Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), or "Strong AI" has been the goal and dream of AI researchers since the mid 1950s . At that time, many researchers in the field believed that AGI would be realized within a few decades. By the 1970s it was recognized that they had grossly underestimated how difficult it would be to achieve this end. By the early 1980s , Japan 's " fifth generation computer " project revived interest in Strong AI and set a ten year plan which, by the late '80s, for the second time, failed to achieve what it set out to accomplish.
Introduction This is a book chapter written by Peter Voss and published in "Artificial General Intelligence" - Goertzel, Ben; Pennachin, Cassio (Eds) . Written in 2002, this describes the foundation of our project: the low level, conceptual underpinnings that remain an important functioning part of our current more advanced research. Note that many crucial aspects of our current working model of higher-level intelligence are not explicitly detailed in the book chapter that follows below, or were developed after the chapter was written. Peter Voss is an entrepreneur with a background in electronics, computer systems, software, and management.
Key Areas: The following are the main research areas in our group. There are many other areas of interest persued by individual researchers - please consult their respective home pages for more details.
Advertisements Index Navigation Defining Artificial Intelligence The phrase Artificial Intelligence I, which was coined by John McCarthy three decades ago, evades a concise and formal definition to date. One representative definition is pivoted around the comparison of intelligence of computing machines with human beings .
Inside the mind of the octopus by Sy Montgomery Photograph: Brandon Cole ON AN UNSEASONABLY WARM day in the middle of March, I traveled from New Hampshire to the moist, dim sanctuary of the New England Aquarium, hoping to touch an alternate reality. I came to meet Athena, the aquarium’s forty-pound, five-foot-long, two-and-a-half-year-old giant Pacific octopus. For me, it was a momentous occasion.
octopus challenes our understanding of consciousness itself by Nov 3
Apr 21, 2011, 07.21am IST Peter Norvig Forty years ago this December, US President Nixon declared a war on cancer, pledging a "total national commitment" to conquering the disease.