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Dove Press. Journal of Audiology & Otology. A Connectionist Approach to Word Reading and Acquired Dyslexia: Extension to Sequential Processing. ADHD Medications and Risk of Serious Cardiovascular Events in Young and Middle-aged Adults. Auditory evoked potentials: predicting speech therapy outcomes in children with phonological disorders. Auditory Neuroscience: The Salience of Looming Sounds: Current Biology. Behavioral Outcome Effects of Serious Gaming as an Adjunct to Treatment for Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial | Bul.

Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder with young patients experiencing functional impairments in different areas of daily life [-]. Compared to children without the disorder, children with ADHD have more difficulties at school making schedules to finish assignments on time, executing complex planning tasks, organizing material needed for assignments, remembering task instructions, and setting priorities [,]. Thus, it is not surprising that children with ADHD are more likely to show academic underachievement, poor academic performance, and educational problems compared to their counterparts without the diagnosis [].

Children with ADHD also show impairments in social functioning. They are rejected more often by their peers and have more conflicts with other children and adults compared to their counterparts who do not have ADHD []. Methods Participants Design ‎View this figure Randomization and Blinding Measures. Cochrane Reviews | Cochrane Community (beta) Comparing and validating methods of reading instruction using behavioural and neural findings in an artificial orthography. Deutsch English Español Français Português System maintenance time on Monday, 07/17/2017 from 9:00 AM until 11:00 AM Eastern Time. Record Display Citation Database: PsycARTICLES [ Journal Article ] Comparing and validating methods of reading instruction using behavioural and neural findings in an artificial orthography.

Abstract There is strong scientific consensus that emphasizing print-to-sound relationships is critical when learning to read alphabetic languages. Unique Identifier Title Publication Date Jun 2017 Publication History First Posting: Apr 20 , 2017 Accepted: Feb 13 , 2017 Revised: Feb 6 , 2017 First Submitted: Apr 4 , 2016 Language Author Taylor, J. Author Identifier Email Taylor, J. Correspondence Address Taylor, J. Affiliation Source Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol 146(6), Jun 2017, 826-858. NLM Title Abbreviation J Exp Psychol Gen 1939-2222 (Electronic); 0096-3445 (Print) Other Serial Titles Journal of Experimental Psychology Publisher US: American Psychological Association Keywords.

Connectionist Models of Word Reading pdf. Contributions of Letter-Speech Sound Learning and Visual Print Tuning to Reading Improvement: Evidence from Brain Potential and Dyslexia Training Studies. 1. Introduction Alphabetic written languages consist of symbols of arbitrary form or letters, which are associated by social agreement to specific speech sounds, i.e., perceptually distinct units of spoken language that differentiate between the words (e.g., bat, cat, hat). A broader definition of alphabetic scripts includes abjad scripts (e.g., Hebrew) in which commonly only the consonants are written, syllabic scripts (Japanese katakana) in which single characters represent syllables, and abugida scripts (e.g., Ethiopic Ge’ez) in which vowels do not have their own symbol but are represented by changes in the symbols of the consonants.

We consider the acquisition of fluent reading skills as a multisensory problem in which a novice reader has to combine a visual element (letter) with an auditory element (speech sound) into a new audiovisual unit. 2. Figure 1. We used a visual word recognition paradigm to examine visual specialization for print. 2.1. 2.2. 4. 6. Crowding and eccentricity determine reading rate | JOV | ARVO Journals. Processing math: 100% Jump To... Free Research Article | October 2007 Crowding and eccentricity determine reading rate Denis G.

Pelli; Katharine A. Tillman; Jeremy Freeman; Michael Su; Tracey D. Author Affiliations Denis G. Journal of Vision October 2007, Vol.7, 20. doi:10.1167/7.2.20 Abstract Bouma's law of crowding predicts an uncrowded central window through which we can read and a crowded periphery through which we cannot. Modeling reading rate The reading rate curve Reading matters, and understanding reading rate is crucial to theories of reading and how to teach it (Coltheart, Rastle, Perry, Langdon, & Ziegler, 2001; Engbert, Nuthmann, Richter, & Kliegl, 2005; Legge, 2007; O'Regan, 1990; Rayner, Foorman, Perfetti, Pesetsky, & Seidenberg, 2002; Reichle, Rayner, & Pollatsek, 2003; Stanovich, 2000). Figure 1 View OriginalDownload Slide The classic reading rate curve (Legge, Pelli, Rubin, & Schleske, 1985, with added labels).

Crowding Figure 2 View OriginalDownload Slide Crowding. Figure 3 Figure 4. Diagnosis and management of developmental coordination disorder. + Author Affiliations Correspondence to: Susan Harris, Developmental coordination disorder is a common neuromotor condition, affecting about 5%–6% of school-aged children;1 this equates to more than 400 000 Canadian children.2 Despite its prevalence, developmental coordination disorder may be underrecognized by health care professionals.1,3 In a recent online survey of 1297 parents, teachers and physicians, only 41% of pediatricians and 23% of general practitioners had knowledge of the condition; the physician respondents were from Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom.3 Furthermore, only 23% of the pediatricians and 9% of the general practitioners surveyed had ever diagnosed developmental coordination disorder.

The vast majority of the physicians reported the need for more education about the condition.3 Box 1: Evidence used in this review What is developmental coordination disorder? What are the risk factors? Box 2: Was your child born preterm? History Box 3: Dyslexics’ faster decay of implicit memory for sounds and words is manifested in their shorter neural adaptation. Essential revisions: The reviewers agree that this is a well designed and conducted study and that the behavioral and ERP data provide clear evidence during active discrimination, passive listening and reading for faster decay of implicit memory in dyslexics than in controls.

This is potentially an extremely interesting result. They have, however, raised several issues that will need to be addressed in a revised version of the manuscript. 1) The first major point that could be clarified concerns the assessment of the dynamics of P2 and N1 in relation to the behavioral curve. Based on a previous study, the authors assume that only P2 is directly associated with the contraction bias (i.e. the perceptual contraction of the pitch of the target toward the mean pitch of previous stimuli). Re scales in figures – thanks: Figures 2C, 3C and 4C (previously notated as 2B, 3B and 4B respectively) are now shown with the same scale. DOI: Effects of different types of auditory temporal training on language skills: a systematic review. Evaluation of central auditory processing in children with Specific Language Impairment.

As reported by various authors, specific language impairment (SLI) involves a few to several dozen percent of the population [1, 13, 18]. It is assumed that, according to American researchers, prevalence reaches 7% [7]. Literature lacks data on the frequency of its occurrence in Poland, but the information gathered to date suggest that this problem involves a similar number of subjects [17]. Nature of this problem had not been completely explained. The only feature common for all people with SLI is such that they are characterized by inadequate language skills, while all other criteria, such as proper hearing or lack of neurological damage to the central nervous system, are preserved.

Facts, values, and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): an update on the controversies. From Asperger's Autistischen Psychopathen to DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder and Beyond: A Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model ~ Fulltext. Little interest has been hitherto devoted to adult courses of mild autistic forms, particularly those with normal or above the average intelligence, that usually remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed upon the common assumption that autism is associated with intellectual and language disability as well as to severe impairment in social interactions.

Previously ascribable to Asperger’s Disorder (AD) [1Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-IV. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press 1994.], these cases are currently encompassed into DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) [2Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington: American Psychiatric Association 2013.]. Autistische Psychopathie According to Hans Asperger Asperger believed that the syndrome was never recognized in infancy (usually much later than the third year of life).

Both Kanner and Asperger referred to Eugen Bleuler’s concept of autism [16Bleuler E. Grommets (ventilation tubes) for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children - Lous, J - 2005 | Cochrane Library. GWAS Identifies 44 Independent Associated Genomic Loci for Self-Reported Adult Hearing Difficulty in UK Biobank: The American Journal of Human Genetics. Pure tone audiometry, the gold standard measure of hearing, requires an audiologist, a quiet environment, and significant clinical time and is therefore challenging to collect in the large samples needed for GWASs. Due to this limitation, previous GWASs in well-characterized audiometric cohorts have included fewer than 5,000 case subjects. The most recent study, by Hoffmann et al., Hoffmann T.J. A Large Genome-Wide Association Study of Age-Related Hearing Impairment Using Electronic Health Records. PLoS Genet. 2016; 12: e1006371 utilized ARHI-related diagnoses in electronic health records to perform a larger study with 6,527 case subjects and 45,882 control subjects and identified 2 genome-wide significant SNPs.

Kiefer A.K. Genome-wide analysis points to roles for extracellular matrix remodeling, the visual cycle, and neuronal development in myopia. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9: e1003299 Sawyer C.S. Ear Hear. 2019; 40: 1061-1068 Bowl M.R. Nat. Ohlemiller K.K. Neuroreport. 1995; 6: 845-849 Liu Y. Sci. Hearing aids for mild to moderate hearing loss in adults - Ferguson, MA - 2017 | Cochrane Library. Insights from the third international conference on hyperacusis: causes, evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment Aazh H, Knipper M, Danesh AA, Cavanna AE, Andersson L, Paulin J, Schecklmann M, Heinonen-Guzejev M, Moore BC. Background: Hyperacusis is intolerance of certain everyday sounds that causes significant distress and impairment in social, occupational, recreational, and other day-to-day activities. Objective: The aim of this report is to summarize the key findings and conclusions from the Third International Conference on Hyperacusis. Topics covered: The main topics discussed comprise (1) diagnosis of hyperacusis and audiological evaluations, (2) neurobiological aspect of hyperacusis, (3) misophonia, (4) hyperacusis in autism spectrum disorder, (5) noise sensitivity, (6) hyperacusis-related distress and comorbid psychiatric illness, and (7) audiologist-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for hyperacusis.

Conclusions: Implications for research and clinical practice are summarised. Keywords: Audiology, auditory system, hyperacusis, misophonia, noise sensitivity At ICH3, Brian C.J. The mechanisms underlying hyperacusis are unknown. Paulin and Andersson discussed two ways of analyzing the data. Nil. It Is Time to Rethink Central Auditory Processing Disorder Protocols for School-Aged Children. Disclosure:The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.× Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes× User Alerts You are adding an alert for: It Is Time to Rethink Central Auditory Processing Disorder Protocols for School-Aged Children You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature.

The alert will be sent to: Figure 1. The recommended assessment and intervention process for children with listening and communication difficulties in the classroom. American Academy of Audiology. (2010). American Psychiatric Association. (2013). American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2005). Anderson, S., & Kraus, N. (2010). August, G. Bamford, J., & Wilson, I. (1979). Barkley, R. Barkley, R. Bellis, T. Bellis, T. Bellis, T. Bench, J., Kowal, A., & Bamford, J. (1979). Berlin, L., Bohlin, G., Nyberg, L., & Lars-Olof, J. (2004). Bishop, D. (2003). British Society of Audiology. (2011a). Cacace, A. Caesar, L. Kelly, A. Linguistic Effects on the Neural Basis of Theory of Mind. ToM in Preverbal Infants If language is necessary for ToM, it follows that preverbal infants do not understand ToM. Several recent studies in infants showed that it is not the case. It has been shown that precursor ability (e.g., joint attention, imitation and pointing gestures) of ToM is present early in infancy (e.g., [27Meltzoff AN, Moore MK.

Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates Science 1997; 198: 75-8.-29Onishi KH, Baillargeon R. Do 15-month-old infants understand false belief? Evidence from English Speaking Children While implicit nonverbal ToM may not involve any language, there is relatively little doubt that language is involved in explicit verbal ToM, especially in the false-belief reasoning [40Astington JW, Baird JA. Evidence from Non-ENGLISH Speaking Children: Second Version of Linguistic Determinism The evidence described above seems to increasingly support that the strong linguistic determinism is untenable. Anne thinks [that the cake tastes good] Lip movements entrain the observers’ low-frequency brain oscillations to facilitate speech intelligibility. 1) The reviewers felt that the paper would benefit from a stronger theoretical underpinning.

At present, it is structured as an investigation into brain oscillations, which makes it hard to keep track of what are the main questions and findings. Some reorganization of the paper would help here. We are grateful to the reviewers for the overall positive feedback to our manuscript. We have revised the logical foundation, organization and presented analyses within the revised manuscript according to the reviewer’s suggestions. Importantly, we now provide a stronger theoretical underpinning by opening the Introduction with an introduction to the multisensory phenomena related to lip reading.

Then, we lead over to the potential relevance of brain oscillations in this context and outline the main four hypotheses that we test in this study. These four hypotheses provide a clear structure for the presentation of the analyses and the discussion. Maturation of the Central Auditory Nervous System in Children with Auditory Processing Disorder. Maturational changes in ear advantage for monaural word recognition in noise among listeners with central auditory processing disorders | Shaikh | Audiology Research. Modulation of the Genome and Epigenome of Individuals Susceptible to Autism by Environmental Risk Factors | HTML.

Motor abilities of children and adolescents with a psychiatric condition: A systematic literature review. MRC Institute of Hearing Research: Publications. M-stream deficits and reading-related visual processes in developmental dyslexia. Multisensory Integration and Child Neurodevelopment. Musical Experience, Sensorineural Auditory Processing, and Reading Subskills in Adults. Overlap of ADHD and Oppositional De ant Disorder DSM-IV Derived Criteria. Past Issues | National Association for the Education of Young Children | NAEYC YC | Young Children Journal. Paying attention to reading: The neurobiology of reading and dyslexia. Paying attention to reading: The neurobiology of reading and dyslexia Shaywitz_2008. Prejudice Reduction: What Works? A Review and Assessment of Research and Practice - Annual Review of Psychology, 60(1):339. Profile and aetiology of children diagnosed with auditory processing disorder (APD) - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology.

Quantitative Neural Network Model of the Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon Based on Synthesized Memory-Psycholinguistic-Metacognitive Approach. Random Gap Detection Test and Random Gap Detection Test-Expanded results in children with auditory neuropathy - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. Relationship between M100 Auditory Evoked Response and Auditory Radiation Microstructure in 16p11.2 Deletion and Duplication Carriers. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Chronic Tinnitus. Replicability of sight word training and phonics training in poor readers: a randomised controlled trial. Sensory processing problems in children with ADHD, a systematic review. Temporal Integration of Auditory Information Is Invariant to Temporal Grouping Cues | eNeuro. Temporal resolution in individuals with neurological disorders.

The placenta and neurodevelopment: sex differences in prenatal vulnerability. The ScanBrit randomised, controlled, single-blind study of a gluten- and casein-free dietary intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders. Time-dependent Gene Expression Analysis of the Developing Superior Olivary Complex. Treatment of reading impairment after stroke. What Factors Influence Language Impairment Considering Resilience as well as Risk - FullText - Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica 2015, Vol. 67, No. 6.

What is the role of the medial olivocochlear system in speech-in-noise processing? WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Permanent Hearing Loss and Tinnitus. Working memory, long-term memory, and medial temporal lobe function.