Fundamentals of Industrial Catalytic Processes - C. H. Bartholomew, Robert J. Farrauto
What’s in store for China in 2012? - McKinsey Quarterly - Economic Studies - Productivity & Performance 1. Government policies will spur consumption and investment. These moves will compensate for declining exports and a slumping housing market. To boost consumption, policy makers could pull a number of short-term levers, including tax breaks and rebates, and are likely to raise the minimum wage further.
Renewable Energy Group Inc. (REGI), the biodiesel maker that hasn’t posted an annual profit since 2008, will test investor demand for new shares in the first U.S. initial public offering this year. The Ames, Iowa-based company, which turns ingredients including soybean oil into biodiesel for cars and trucks, plans to raise as much as $108 million offering 7.2 million shares for $13 to $15 each today, according to a regulatory filing. Renewable will use the proceeds to buy a factory it is currently leasing and to invest in new processing technologies. Renewable Energy Tests U.S. IPO Market in First Deal of 2012
U.S. to become world’s top oil producer: Goldman Sachs - MINING.com Who do you think will be the world’s largest oil producer a few years from now? Saudi Arabia? Russia?
n-Butanol n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the molecular formula C4H9OH. Its isomers include isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. Butanol is one of the group of "fusel alcohols" (from the German for "bad liquor"), which have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water.
Isobutanol (IUPAC nomenclature: 2-methylpropan-1-ol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2OH. This colorless, flammable liquid with a characteristic smell is mainly used as a solvent. Its isomers include n-butanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol, all of which are important industrially. Production Isobutanol is produced by the carbonylation of propylene. Isobutanol
Butane Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms. Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The term may refer to either of two structural isomers, n-butane or isobutane (or "methylpropane"), or to a mixture of these isomers.
CO2 Emissions From Refining Gasoline
Natural Gas Glossary Natural Gas Glossary Anticline An anticline is an area of the earth's crust where folding has made a dome like shape in the once flat rock layers. Anticlines often provide an environment where natural gas can become trapped beneath the earth's surface, and extracted.
Yanzhou Coal Mining Co. (1171), China’s fourth-biggest coal producer, agreed to buy Gloucester Coal Ltd. for about A$2.1 billion ($2.1 billion) in cash and shares to gain more mines and port access in Australia. The deal values Gloucester at as much as A$10.16 a share, subject to conditions, according to a statement from the Sydney- based company. That’s 45 percent more than its Dec. 19 close, the day before the stock was halted. Buying Gloucester, controlled by commodity trader Noble Group Ltd. (NOBL), will almost double Yanzhou’s coal mines in Australia, the world’s biggest exporter, as well as expand its access to ports. Yanzhou Coal Buys Gloucester for $2.1 Billion to Gain Port, Mines Access
A former consultant to Bixby Energy, the troubled Ramsey, Minn., developer of a coal-to-natural-gas technology, has implicated a former officer of the company in what federal authorities describe as a $60 million securities fraud scheme. Dennis Desender, 64, pleaded guilty Wednesday to one count of securities fraud and implicated "Individual A," identified in court papers as an officer of Bixby, in a scheme that allegedly duped investors in a venture to sell coal-gasification technology to China. Desender pleaded guilty earlier to one count of tax evasion. That agreement did not require his cooperation in the Bixby investigation, but the new plea bargain does. Bixby's onetime CEO Bob Walker resigned in May in the face of federal criminal and civil investigations and lawsuits alleging gross mismanagement. More trouble ahead for Bixby Energy founder?
Coller Capital - Coller International Partners V
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The first table shows the Annual Average Crude Oil Price from 1946 to the present. Prices are adjusted for Inflation to December 2011 prices using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) as presented by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Note: Since these are ANNUAL Average prices they will not show the absolute peak price and will differ slightly from the Monthly Averages in our Oil Price Data in Chart Form. Also note that although the monthly Oil prices peaked in December 1979 the annual peak didn't occur until 1980 since the average of all the monthly prices was higher in 1980. Inflation adjusted oil prices reached an all-time low in 1998 (lower than the price in 1946)! And then just ten years later Oil prices were at the all time high for crude oil (above the 1979-1980 prices) in real inflation adjusted terms (although not quite on an annual basis). Historical Oil Prices Table
OPEC has seldom been effective at controlling prices. Often described as a cartel, OPEC does not fully satisfy the definition.
HISTORY OF CRUDE OIL PRICES Crude Oil Price Chart from 1977 to 2003 Monthly Price Chart 1998-July 2013 History & Analysis of Crude Oil Prices from WTRG Economics Year, Month, Monthly Average, and Yearly Average