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Why Were Red M&M's Discontinued for a Decade? Around Valentine's Day and Christmas, red M&M's dominate the candy aisles but it hasn't always been that way. These classic chocolate candies were absent from store shelves across the United States for more than a decade because of their color. In 1976, Mars, the candy company that makes M&M's, eliminated the red version of the candies from their mix. This decision came as a result of public controversy surrounding a synthetic dye called FD&C Red No. 2, also known as amaranth. The dye was used in red food coloring and was linked to cancer in a 1971 Russian study. Because Red No. 2 was used to color many food products in the U.S., including hot dog casings and ice cream, the public demanded that the government confirm the dye's safety.

Red M&M's disappeared shortly after the FDA issued its ruling , suggesting they were one of the Red No. 2 culprits. "The red food coloring in question was not actually used in M&M's chocolate candies," according to Got a question? 8 Ways Magic Mushrooms Explain Santa Story. The story of Santa and his flying reindeer can be traced to an unlikely source: hallucinogenic or "magic" mushrooms, according to one theory.

"Santa is a modern counterpart of a shaman, who consumed mind-altering plants and fungi to commune with the spirit world," said John Rush, an anthropologist and instructor at Sierra College in Rocklin, Calif. Here are eight ways that hallucinogenic mushrooms explain the story of Santa and his reindeer. 1. Arctic shamans gave out mushrooms on the winter solstice. According to the theory, the legend of Santa derives from shamans in the Siberian and Arctic regions who dropped into locals' teepeelike homes with a bag full of hallucinogenic mushrooms as presents in late December, Rush said. 2. The Amanita muscaria mushroom, which is deep red with white flecks.Credit: USGS 3. Reindeer are common in Siberia and northern Europe, and seek out these hallucinogenic fungi, as the area's human inhabitants have also been known to do. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Global Warming or a New Ice Age: Documentary Film. New Ice Age to Begin in 2014. “Forecasters predict that a new ice age will begin soon,” says this article on “Habibullo Abdusamatov, a scientist from the Pulkovo Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences considers that the sharp drop in temperature will start on the Earth in 2014. “According to the scientist, our planet began to “get cold” in the 1990s. The new ice age will last at least two centuries, with its peak in 2055. “It is interesting, that the same date was chosen by the supporters of the theory of global warming. “The expected decrease in temperature may … become the fifth over the past nine centuries, reports Hydrometeorological Center of Russia.

Thanks to Thomas McHart, Stephanie Relfe for this link. Marshall Solar Physics. The "sunspot number" is then given by the sum of the number of individual sunspots and ten times the number of groups. Since most sunspot groups have, on average, about ten spots, this formula for counting sunspots gives reliable numbers even when the observing conditions are less than ideal and small spots are hard to see.

Monthly averages (updated monthly) of the sunspot numbers (181 kb JPEG image), (307 kb pdf-file), (62 kb text file) show that the number of sunspots visible on the sun waxes and wanes with an approximate 11-year cycle. (Note: there are actually at least two "official" sunspot numbers reported. The International Sunspot Number as compiled by the Solar Influences Data Analysis Center in Belgium, has been revised recently (V2.0 -- summer 2015), and should now more closely match the NOAA sunspot number. The NOAA sunspot number is compiled by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Solar Cycle Prediction. Article Abstract A review of solar cycle prediction methods and their performance is given, including forecasts for cycle 24. The review focuses on those aspects of the solar cycle prediction problem that have a bearing on dynamo theory. The scope of the review is further restricted to the issue of predicting the amplitude (and optionally the epoch) of an upcoming solar maximum no later than right after the start of the given cycle. Prediction methods form three main groups. Precursor methods rely on the value of some measure of solar activity or magnetism at a specified time to predict the amplitude of the following solar maximum.

Their implicit assumption is that each numbered solar cycle is a consistent unit in itself, while solar activity seems to consist of a series of much less tightly intercorrelated individual cycles. Keywords: Solar cycle, Dynamo. NASA warns 'something unexpected is happening to the Sun' in year that is supposed to be the peak the sunspot cycle. 2013 was due to be year of the 'solar maximum'As this picture shows, in fact the sun is incredibly calm - baffling experts By Mark Prigg Published: 16:54 GMT, 8 March 2013 | Updated: 17:34 GMT, 8 March 2013 'Something unexpected' is happening on the Sun, Nasa has warned.

This year was supposed to be the year of 'solar maximum,' the peak of the 11-year sunspot cycle. But as this image reveals, solar activity is relatively low. Scroll down for video Sunspot numbers are well below their values from 2011, and strong solar flares have been infrequent, as this image shows - despite Nasa forecasting major solar storms Conventional wisdom holds that solar activity swings back and forth like a simple pendulum. At one end of the cycle, there is a quiet time with few sunspots and flares. At the other end, solar max brings high sunspot numbers and frequent solar storms. It’s a regular rhythm that repeats every 11 years. Reality is more complicated. 'This is solar maximum,' he says. Moon Phases Calendar / Moon Schedule.

Moon Phases. Why does the Moon have phases? At the new Moon phase, the Moon is so close to the Sun in the sky that none of the side facing Earth is illuminated (position 1 in illustration). In other words, the Moon is between Earth and Sun. At first quarter, the half-lit Moon is highest in the sky at sunset, then sets about six hours later (3).

At full Moon, the Moon is behind Earth in space with respect to the Sun. As the Sun sets, the Moon rises with the side that faces Earth fully exposed to sunlight (5).The Moon has phases because it orbits Earth, which causes the portion we see illuminated to change. The Moon takes 27.3 days to orbit Earth, but the lunar phase cycle (from new Moon to new Moon) is 29.5 days.

At the new Moon phase, the Moon is so close to the Sun in the sky that none of the side facing Earth is illuminated (position 1 in illustration). You can create a mockup of the relationship between Sun, Earth, and Moon using a bright lamp, a basketball, and a baseball. Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) Moving Into the Philippines - Super Typhoon with 190 mph Winds. Video Watch today's top stories and most popular videos. Looking to watch incredible tornadoes? We've got that too. Maps Check out our interactive maps, which provide you with features like past/future radar and customizable layers. Local Weather Trust us to help you plan the best day possible, with the most accurate weather forecast available. See Jupiter and the Moon Meet in Night Sky This Week. Step outside Wednesday evening and look to the east-northeast sky for a surprising celestial sight. If you're outside around 6:30 p.m. EST (2330 GMT) and weather permits, the first striking view you might get is the moon.

It will be one night past full phase, but look more closely and shining prominently to the moon’s left will be a dazzling silvery-white, non-twinkling “star.” As the evening wears on, both the moon and its brilliant companion will appear to ascend the sky side by side. Jupiter currently blazes at negative 2.7 magnitude, meaning that it is three times brighter than Sirius, the brightest star in the sky.

To find the star, just extend a line from the constellation Orion’s belt down and to the left and you’ll come to Sirius. Right now, Jupiter rises around the end of twilight. Jupiter will come to opposition on the evening of Jan. 5, when it will also be nearest to the Earth at 391.4 million miles (629.8 million kilometers) away. Jupiter Quiz: Test Your Jovian Smarts. Video: Spider Flown in Space Has Trouble Readapting to Gravity. Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter Astronauts have said adapting to weightlessness is much easier than readapting to gravity when they returned to Earth.

Muscle weakness, wobbly legs, and feeling like the room is spinning is common after long duration spaceflight, not to mention the long-term issues like bone loss, diminished eyesight, and a heart that has to recondition itself to pump blood harder to overcome gravity. As Canadian Chris Hadfield said, “My body was quite happy in space without gravity.” It turns out spiders have similar issues. Nefertiti, the “Johnson Jumper” spider hunting for flies inside her habitat on board the International Space Station (ISS). Tagged as: International Space Station (ISS), Space Flight, Space Station. Rolling Stone | Music News, Politics, Reviews, Photos, Videos, Interviews and More. =dean<>cross-e.s.p='s sounds. "The Beatles Cartoon "Tomorrow Never Knows"

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