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Ecology/Evolution

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Why nature restoration takes time: fungi grow 'relationships' : Permaculture. American Council on Science and Health. Special bacteria-killing surfaces constitute a highly active area of research and development.

American Council on Science and Health

Strategies to construct them vary widely. One group has infused a slippery surface with molecules that disrupt bacterial communication. Others have shown that silver nanoparticle coatings can destroy bacteria. Yet another group used black silicon to create a surface that resembled a tiny "bed of nails" (nanopillars), which physically rip bacteria apart. Study reveals that climate change could dramatically alter fragile mountain habitats. Professor Bardgett, based in Mancheser’s School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, added: "Mountain areas cover a large part of the Earth's land surface and are very vulnerable to climate change. ”Our results, which come from an extensive study of elevation gradients across seven mountain regions of the world - including Japan, British Columbia, New Zealand, Patagonia, Colorado, Australia, and Europe - suggest that future climate warming will substantially alter the way that these sensitive ecosystems function.”

Study reveals that climate change could dramatically alter fragile mountain habitats

Rather than use short-term experiments, the research team used gradients of elevation in each mountain region spanning both above and below the alpine tree line. How Life Began: The Full Story. Plant Glossary All Plates. Glossary List | Previous Plate Plate 1: Stem and Root Types Plate 2: Leaf Composition, Parts, and Types Plate 3: Leaf Shapes.

Plant Glossary All Plates

Caught in the act: New wasp species emerging. The concept that biodiversity feeds upon itself is an old idea, but it’s difficult to prove because it requires biologists to simultaneously catch several species red-handed just as they are becoming new species.

Caught in the act: New wasp species emerging

Now biologists have proof. The parasitic wasp, Utetes canaliculatus, on a snowberry shrub, searching for its Rhagoletis fly host. Ecologists predict impact of climate change on vulnerable species. If it seems like you're pulling more bass than trout out of Ontario's lakes this summer, you probably are.

Ecologists predict impact of climate change on vulnerable species

Blame it on the ripple effect of climate change and warming temperatures. Birds migrate earlier, flowers bloom faster, and fish move to newly warmed waters putting local species at risk. To mitigate the trend and support conservation efforts, scientists at the University of Toronto (U of T) are sharing a way to predict which plants or animals may be vulnerable to the arrival of a new species. The researchers looked specifically at the impact of several species of bass, fish that prefer warm water and have expanded their range northward over the past 30 years as temperatures have increased. They looked at both historical and recent data for 30 different fish species in more than 1500 lakes throughout Ontario. If a dominant species can thrive in a warmer environment and wipe out other species, climate change could significantly reduce the diversity of species in our lakes as well.

Why Wolves Change Whole Ecosystems. George Monbiot explains that when wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park in the United States after being absent nearly 70 years, the most remarkable 'trophic cascade' occurred.

Why Wolves Change Whole Ecosystems

What is a trophic cascade and how exactly do wolves change rivers? Find out in this beautiful little film. "When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe. " - John Muir. The Academic Jawa. The Shape of Life is a documentary mini-series which premiered on PBS in April 2002. This relatively obscure series pursues the modern ancestors of some of the world’s oldest and most amazing species, interviewing and following many experts of different scientific disciplines in the field and in the laboratory.

Investigating the latest research from fields as divergent as genetics, paleontology and taxonomy, this series helps paint the newly emerging picture of evolution and the origins of animal life as we know it today. The series’ website lists eight different episodes but at the time I have only been able to locate the first seven, which are: Episode 1: Origins – This introduction to the series starts out with the quest for the first “true animal”.

Why the mantis shrimp is my new favorite animal. American Crow, Life History. Crows don’t regularly visit feeders, but you can attract them to your backyard if you offer a mix of trees, open space, and food.

American Crow, Life History

Remarkable new monkey discovered in remote Congo rainforest. Close up of new species: lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis).

Remarkable new monkey discovered in remote Congo rainforest

This is a captive adult male. Photo courtesy of Hart et al. In a massive, wildlife-rich, and largely unexplored rainforest of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), researchers have made an astounding discovery: a new monkey species, known to locals as the 'lesula'. Zoologger: The first solar-powered vertebrate - life - 18 January 2013. Zoologger is our weekly column highlighting extraordinary animals – and occasionally other organisms – from around the world Species: Ambystoma maculatumHabitat: Throughout the eastern USA and parts of southern Canada, leaving other salamanders green with envy When you think about it, animals are weird.

Zoologger: The first solar-powered vertebrate - life - 18 January 2013

They ignore the abundant source of energy above their heads – the sun – and choose instead to invest vast amounts of energy in cumbersome equipment for eating and digesting food. Inside a dead, infected ant. Inside a dead, infected ant So, by now you've all seen what a by Ophiocordyceps infected, manipulated and killed ant looks like: Published by Andersen et al. in The American Naturalist, 2009.

Inside a dead, infected ant