background preloader


Facebook Twitter

The Third Culture - Contents. INTRODUCTION "The Emerging Third Culture" The third culture consists of those scientists and other thinkers in the empirical world who, through their work and expository writing, are taking the place of the traditional intellectual in rendering visible the deeper meanings of our lives, redefining who and what we are.

The Third Culture - Contents

Chapter 1. GEORGE C. WILLIAMS "A Package of Information" Philosophy: Free Courses. Advertisement Get free Philosophy courses from the world’s leading universities.

Philosophy: Free Courses

You can download these audio & video courses straight to your computer or mp3 player. For more online courses, visit our complete collection, 1200 Free Online Courses from Top Universities. Size of Wikipedia. This Wikipedia:Statistics page measures the size of the English-language edition of Wikipedia; mostly page and article count.

Size of Wikipedia

There are currently 4,492,873 articles in the English Wikipedia. Most of the earlier entries were extracted from Wikipedia:Announcements. Later entries are taken from observations of the new software's built-in article count features. For information on what Wikipedia's software counts as an article, see Wikipedia:What is an article#Lists of articles and statistics. Wikipedia growth of article count[edit] Before 2012 Wikipedia's growth approximately followed a Gompertz growth model. With parameters: a = 4378449 b = −15.42677 c = −0.384124 t is the time in years since 1/1/2000 (so 1/1/2010 is t = 10.00). Actual number of articles on (thick blue line) compared with a Gompertz model that leads eventually to a maximum of about 4.4 million articles (thin green line) Article growth per month (thick blue line, averaged over the previous 6 months).

Post-postmodernism. Post-postmodernism is a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture which are emerging from and reacting to postmodernism.


Another similar recent term is metamodernism. Periodization[edit] Most scholars would agree that modernism began in the late 19th century and continued on as the dominant cultural force in the intellectual circles of Western culture well into the mid-twentieth century.[1] Like all epochs, modernism encompasses many competing individual directions and is impossible to define as a discrete unity or totality. However, its chief general characteristics are often thought to include an emphasis on "radical aesthetics, technical experimentation, spatial or rhythmic, rather than chronological form, [and] self-conscious reflexiveness"[2] as well as the search for authenticity in human relations, abstraction in art, and utopian striving. Definitions[edit]

Metamodernism. In philosophy and aesthetics, metamodernism is a recent reaction to postmodernism informed by elements of both modernism and postmodernism.


The term was introduced in 2010 by cultural theorists Timotheus Vermeulen and Robin van den Akker as an intervention in the post-postmodernism debate. In their article "Notes on metamodernism,"[1] they assert that the 2000s were characterized by the return of typically modern positions that did not forfeit the postmodern mindsets of the 1980s and 1990s.

The prefix "meta" here refers not to a reflective stance or repeated rumination, but to Plato's metaxy, which denotes a movement between opposite poles as well as beyond them.[2] The artist Luke Turner published a metamodernist manifesto in 2011, calling for an end to "the inertia resulting from a century of modernist ideological naivety and the cynical insincerity of its antonymous bastard child", and proposing instead "a pragmatic romanticism unhindered by ideological anchorage. Popularity[edit] Ludwig Wittgenstein. First published Fri Nov 8, 2002; substantive revision Mon Mar 3, 2014.

Ludwig Wittgenstein

The Unity of Science. First published Thu Aug 9, 2007; substantive revision Thu May 16, 2013.

The Unity of Science

Eliminative Materialism. First published Thu May 8, 2003; substantive revision Tue Apr 16, 2013 Eliminative materialism (or eliminativism) is the radical claim that our ordinary, common-sense understanding of the mind is deeply wrong and that some or all of the mental states posited by common-sense do not actually exist.

Eliminative Materialism

Descartes famously challenged much of what we take for granted, but he insisted that, for the most part, we can be confident about the content of our own minds. Eliminative materialists go further than Descartes on this point, since they challenge the existence of various mental states that Descartes took for granted. 1. A Brief History. Libertarian socialism. Overview[edit]

Libertarian socialism

Morality and Evolutionary Biology. First published Fri Dec 19, 2008 A recent article in The Economist—sporting the provocative subtitle “Biology Invades a Field Philosophers Thought was Safely Theirs”—begins with the following rumination:

Morality and Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary Ethics  Process Philosophy. First published Mon Oct 15, 2012 Process philosophy is based on the premise that being is dynamic and that the dynamic nature of being should be the primary focus of any comprehensive philosophical account of reality and our place within it. Mario Bunge. Mario Augusto Bunge (Spanish: [ˈbuŋxe]; born September 21, 1919) is an Argentine philosopher and physicist mainly active in Canada. Biography[edit] Bunge began his studies at the National University of La Plata, graduating with a Ph.D. in physico-mathematical sciences in 1952. He was professor of theoretical physics and philosophy, 1956–1966, first at La Plata then at University of Buenos Aires. He is currently the Frothingham Professor of Logics and Metaphysics at McGill University in Montreal, where he has been since 1966.[1][2] Mario Bunge has been distinguished with sixteen honorary doctorates and four honorary professorships by universities from both the Americas and Europe.

Work[edit] Wiki infographic.