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Justice & Corrections

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Taser training at the St. Clair County Corrections academy. Jdcap directory201008. What Are Your Miranda Rights? The wording used when a person is read the Miranda Warning, also known as being ‘Mirandized,’ is clear and direct: “You have the right to remain silent.

What Are Your Miranda Rights?

Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be provided for you. Do you understand the rights I have just read to you? An Explanation of Your Rights Questions? Ethical Dilemmas In Prison And Jail Health Care. Editor’s note: This post is published in conjunction with the March issue of Health Affairs, which features a cluster of articles on jails and health.

Ethical Dilemmas In Prison And Jail Health Care

Prison and jail health care, despite occasional pockets of inspiration, provided by programs affiliated with academic institutions, is an arena of endless ethical conflict in which health care providers must negotiate relentlessly with prison officials to provide necessary and decent care. The “right to health care” articulated by the Supreme Court pre-ordained these ongoing tensions. The court reasoned that to place persons in prison or jail, where they could not secure their own care, and then to fail to provide that care, could result in precisely the pain and suffering prohibited by the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.

Good reasoning was followed by a deeply flawed articulation of the “right” that defines the medical care entitlement as care provided to inmates without “deliberate indifference to their serious medical needs.” Court Role and Structure. The federal judiciary operates separately from the executive and legislative branches, but often works with them as the Constitution requires.

Court Role and Structure

Federal laws are passed by Congress and signed by the President. The judicial branch decides the constitutionality of federal laws and resolves other disputes about federal laws. However, judges depend on our government’s executive branch to enforce court decisions. Courts decide what really happened and what should be done about it. They decide whether a person committed a crime and what the punishment should be. Supreme Court. The Miranda Warning. The Constitution reserves many rights for those suspected of crime.

The Miranda Warning

One of the fears of the Framers was that the government could act however it wished by simply saying an individual was a suspected criminal. Many of the rights in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, such as habeas corpus, the right to remain silent, and the right to an attorney, are designed to ensure that those accused of a crime are assured of those rights.

Police were able to take advantage of the fact that not everyone knows their rights by heart. In fact, it is likely that most citizens could name a few of their rights as accused criminals, but not all of them. Download Miranda Rights. Sponsored Links Your Miranda rights stem from the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.S.

Download Miranda Rights

Constitution, which, among other protections, assures your privilege against self-incrimination. Commentary: Seclusion and Restraint in Corrections—A Time for Change. Michael K.

Commentary: Seclusion and Restraint in Corrections—A Time for Change

Champion, MD + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to: Michael K. Champion, MD, 2442 Cerrillos Road #105, Santa Fe, NM 87507. E-mail: Abstract. Quakers in the World - Reformers in Criminal Justice. Many Quakers have worked for reform of the criminal justice systems of their day.

Quakers in the World - Reformers in Criminal Justice

Quakers believe that people can always change: their focus has been on reforms that make positive change more likely, such as increased opportunities for education, improved prison conditions, help with facing up to violent impulses, and much else. Nowadays, restorative justice approaches are a central focus. William Penn was the first great Quaker prison reformer. In his ‘Great Experiment’ in Pennsylvania in the 1680s he abolished capital punishment for all crimes except murder. He also stated that ‘prisons shall be workhouses,’ that bail should be allowed for minor offences’, and ‘all prisons shall be free, as to fees, food and lodgings’.

BOP: Inmate Custody and Care. Prison Classification & Reclassification, Custody Placement and Risk Assessment. By, April 2006 Proper classification is crucial to the efficient and safe operation of any prison facility.

Prison Classification & Reclassification, Custody Placement and Risk Assessment

Offenders are heterogeneous, and possess a variety of behavioural styles and treatment needs, in varying states of mental health. Because many prisoners are incompatible with either their immediate prison environment or the people they share their living space with, proper classification can reduce prison infractions and maintain a safer environment for both inmates and staff.

Because intake units face both a large number and a large variety of cases, and because the law requires institutions to administer the least restrictive form of punishment to an offender while securing his or her safety, objective classification measures are used. Not only can proper, evidence-based placement reduce the number of inmates in expensive maximum-security facilities, but it can also reduce the escape risk by placing offender only in compatible environments. Initial Assessment. Specialized Courts. The scope of criminal court research and evaluation has grown with the advent of specialized or problem-solving courts.

Specialized Courts

Examples of specialized courts include drug courts, mental health courts, domestic violence courts and reentry courts. Specialized courts differ from traditional courts in that they focus on one type of offense or offender. Usually the judge plays an intensive supervisory role. Other criminal justice components (e.g., probation) and social services agencies (e.g., drug treatment) are involved and collaborate closely in case processing. Most specialized court programs are motivated by two sets of goals: Case management to expedite case processing and reduce caseload and time to disposition, thus increasing trial capacity for more serious crimes.