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Gestalt therapy is an existential/experiential form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility , and that focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation. Gestalt therapy was developed by Fritz Perls , Laura Perls and Paul Goodman in the 1940s and 1950s.
Gestalt psychology or gestaltism ( German : Gestalt – "essence or shape of an entity's complete form") is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School ; the operational principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic , parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The principle maintains that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts, suggesting the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain stable percepts in a noisy world.