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Stage 3 Geography: A Diverse & Connected World (2016)

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My Son Sanctuary. My Son Sanctuary Between the 4th and 13th centuries a unique culture which owed its spiritual origins to Indian Hinduism developed on the coast of contemporary Viet Nam. This is graphically illustrated by the remains of a series of impressive tower-temples located in a dramatic site that was the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom for most of its existence. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Sanctuaire de Mi-sön Du IVe au XIIIe siècle, la côte du Viet Nam contemporain accueillait une culture unique, associée par ses racines spirituelles à l'hindouisme indien.

ضريح مي- سون احتضن ساحل فييتنام الحديثة من القرن الرابع الى القرن الثالث عشر ثقافة فريدة ترتبط جذورها الروحية بالهندوسية الهندية. Source: UNESCO/ERI Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 圣子修道院 公元4世纪到13世纪,一种独特的文化在现在的越南边境地区得到了发展,这种文化的宗教起源是印度教。 Святилище Мишон Santuario de My Son ミーソン聖域 ベトナム中部、チャンパ王国初期の首都にあたるトラキエウの西方約15kmにある、ヒンドゥー教シヴァ神信仰の聖地。 Source: NFUAJ My Son-heiligdom Source: unesco.nl. The Great Wall. The Great Wall In c. 220 B.C., under Qin Shi Huang, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defence system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world's largest military structure. Its historic and strategic importance is matched only by its architectural significance. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 La Grande Muraille Vers 220 av.

J. السور العظيم قرابة العام 220 ق.م. Source: UNESCO/ERI Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 长城 公元前约220年,秦始皇下令将早期修建的一些分散的防御工事连接成一个完整的防御系统,用以抵抗来自北方的侵略。 Великая Китайская Стена В 220-х гг. до н.э. во времена правления Цинь Шихуанди участки построенных ранее укреплений были сведены в единую оборонительную систему против вторжений с севера. La Gran Muralla 万里の長城 万里の長城は、渤海湾沿岸からゴビ砂漠まで全長約6000kmといわれる長大な防壁として築かれた。 Source: NFUAJ Chinese Muur Source: unesco.nl Outstanding Universal Value Brief synthesis Integrity Authenticity. Great Wall of China, History, Gallery of Pictures, Travel Guide, News, Discovery & Research. Mount Fuji - National Geographic Society. Mount Fuji is a symbol of Japan. The mountain contributes to Japan's physical, cultural, and spiritual geography. Mount Fuji is the tallest mountain in Japan, standing at 3,776 meters (12,380 feet). It is an active volcano, sitting on a "triple junction" of tectonic activity: the Amurian plate (associated with the Eurasian tectonic plate), the Okhotsk plate (associated with the North American plate) and the Filipino plate all converge in the region beneath Mount Fuji.

It is only 100 kilometers (62 miles) from Tokyo, Japan's capital and largest city. In fact, the last time Mount Fuji erupted, in 1707, volcanic ash fell on Tokyo. Mount Fuji is the single most popular tourist site in Japan, for both Japanese and foreign tourists. Mount Fuji has been a sacred site for practicers of Shinto since at least the 7th century. Fuji San. Mt. Fuji, Japan Mt. Fuji, or Fuji San, is frequently - and mistakenly - called the most sacred mountain in Japan. While there is no such thing as a 'most sacred' mountain in Japan (or the world for that matter), Fuji has become famous as a national symbol because it is the highest peak in the country at 12,388 feet, it is one of the most perfect volcano cones in existence, and it is visible (on rare clear days) from the city of Tokyo, only 60 miles away.

Much younger than most Japanese mountains, Fuji began to rise only 25,000 years ago and had assumed its general form by 8000 BC. Scholars debate the genesis of the mountain's name. Mt Fuji from Tokyo. Mt. Kailash. Mt. Kailash, Tibet (Enlarge) A great mass of black rock soaring to over 22,000 feet, Mt. Kailash has the unique distinction of being the world's most venerated holy place at the same time that it is the least visited.

The supremely sacred site of four religions and billions of people, Kailash is seen by no more than a few thousand pilgrims each year. This curious fact is explained by the mountain's remote location in far western Tibet. No planes, trains or buses journey anywhere near the region and even with rugged over-land vehicles the journey still requires weeks of difficult, often dangerous travel. The weather, always cold, can be unexpectedly treacherous and pilgrims must carry all the supplies they will need for the entire journey. How long have people been coming to this sacred mountain? Hindus believe Mt.Kailash to be the abode of Lord Shiva. Kailash is sacred to other religions as well. Additional notes on Tibetan pilgrimage: Shiva meditating. Mount Wollumbin. Mt.

Wollumbin, Australia The sacred mountain of Wollumbin is located in a warm subtropical rainforest approximately 120 kilometers south of Brisbane in the state of New South Wales. Rising to 1156 meters (3793 ft), it is a holy place to many Aboriginal Communities. The mountain remains a place of cultural and traditional significance to the Bundjalung people and is the site of different ceremonies and initiation rites. In Aboriginal legend, Wollumbin was a giant bird, speared by a warrior. Captain James Cook gave Wollumbin the name Mount Warning in May 1770. Outside the nearby town of Nimbin is another Aboriginal sacred place known as the Nimbin Rocks. Bibliography Tacon, Paul S.C.; Identifying Ancient Sacred Landscapes in Australia: From Physical to Social; Archaeologies of Landscape, Ashmore, Wendy (ed.)

Uluru (Ayers Rock) & Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) Uluru (Ayers Rock) with Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) in the distance, Australia (Enlarge) Throughout the ages many cultures have conceived of geographic space and expressed those conceptions in a variety of ways. One expression of these conceptions has been the establishment of sacred geographies. Sacred geography may be broadly defined as the regional (and even global) geographic locating of sacred places according to various mythological, symbolic, astrological, geodesical, and shamanic factors. Perhaps the oldest form of sacred geography, and one that has its genesis in mythology, is that of the aborigines of Australia. According to Aboriginal legends, in the mythic period of the beginning of the world known as Alcheringa - the Dreamtime - ancestral beings in the form of totemic animals and humans emerged from the interior of the Earth and began to wander over the land.

Uluru, Australia (Enlarge) Geologists disagree about the origins of Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Uluru Facts Bibliography. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park - Overview - World Heritage Places. The immense rock formation of Uluru and rock domes of Kata Tjuta are remarkable geological and landform features set on a sand plain. They have special significance to the Anangu people as their Tjurkurpa (traditional law). Uluru is a huge, rounded, red sandstone monolith 9.4 kilometres in circumference rising to over 340 metres above the plain.

Rock art in the caves around its base are further evidence of the enduring cultural traditions of Anangu. About 32 kilometres to the west of Uluru lie the 36 steep-sided domes of Kata Tjuta. The domes cover an area of 3500 hectares with Mount Olga, the highest feature, rising to a height of 500 metres. The first European to sight Uluru was the explorer William Gosse in 1873 who named it Ayers Rock. Location The park covers 1,325 km2 of arid ecosystems and is located close to the centre of Australia in the traditional lands of Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara Aboriginal people (locally known as Anangu). Description of place Fact sheet Criteria. Aboriginal Uluru Dreamtime Story - Uluru (Ayers Rock) Australia.

For the Aboriginal people of Australia, Dreamtime represents the essence of their society, culture, traditions and spirituality. It is a time when ancestors, gods and living mortals come together to learn about the heritage and customs of the Aboriginal people. Dreamtime is the core of everything, and of the many sacred sites in Australia, few are as important as Uluru. Also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru is believed to have been created at the beginning of time by 10 ancestors, or spirit people, of the Aboriginal people. Tours of Ayers Rock emphasise this connection with the beginnings of the local Anangu Aboriginal people while also highlighting the natural power of the sandstone monolith. Uluru Dreamtime According to Uluru dreamtime, the world was a featureless place until the ancestors of the Anangu emerged and travelled across the land, creating the features like Uluru that we see today.

Uluru and Aboriginal Culture - Uluru (Ayers Rock) Australia. The area around Uluru was settled thousands of years ago, and although it was ‘discovered’ by the white man in the 1800s, Uluru and Aboriginal culture are very much entwined today. In fact, Uluru (Ayers Rock) is sacred to the local Pitjantjatjara tribe that live here. It was said to have come about during the much fabled Dreamtime. Although people have been visiting and climbing Uluru for years, the Aborigines would prefer they didn’t. Aboriginal ancestors walked the path that tourists do today, and many of the caves around the rock hold deep meanings for them and contain ancient rock paintings. Uluru is a World Heritage site, and although part of a protected national park, there may come a time when it could be off-limits to climbers. Why is Uluru sacred? Aboriginal culture dictates that Uluru was formed by ancestral beings during Dreamtime. To learn more about Uluru and Aboriginal culture onsite, the Uluru-Kata Tjuta Aboriginal Cultural Centre is the place to visit.

Aboriginal artwork in the Kimberley could be among oldest in the world, scientists say. Updated 2 Nov 2015, 10:13pmMon 2 Nov 2015, 10:13pm Archaeologists and Aboriginal elders are hoping the most comprehensive study of rock art in the Kimberley region will confirm the images are among the oldest made by humans anywhere in the world. More than a dozen scientists took part in two field trips to study remote faces on Dambimangari and Balanggarra country. They used pioneering techniques to collect and analyse hundreds of samples to narrow down the timeframes in which the striking images of people, animals and shells were made. Professor Peter Veth, from the University of Western Australia, said they were expecting to have the first results through by the end of the year.

"We expect some of those dates to be old, and some of them will be extremely old," he said. "We believe that this art will be as old, if not older, than that art in Europe, and that will make the Kimberley and all of its art, with its living, cultural connections, of world significance. " Wandjina – Rock Art of the Kimberley » Brolga Healing Journeys. Visiting a Wandjina site is, without doubt, the most dramatic experience in rock art. The Wandjina is an ancient, powerful, mysterious and deeply spiritual symbol.

The Wandjina represents the creator spirit for the Aboriginal people of the Kimberley region. These striking figures, some dating back thousands of years, are found throughout the Kimberley in rock art sites. The Aboriginal people treat these sites with respect and caution, indeed often approaching Wandjina sites with a wariness bordering on fear. The Aboriginals tend not to stay at the sites for long, for they believe that the Wandjina are present at the sites, and you don’t want to anger them by overstaying your welcome. Initiated elders were responsible for refreshing the Wandjina figures in their tribes’ sacred sites in traditional times, in other words, repainting the figures. Wandjinas also gave the traditional law to the people. 2002 Bush University The tour was a great experience. Indeed there was. Fast-Forward to 2009. Native gap conservation reserve.

Australian Sacred Sites. Australian Sacred Sites Aboriginal sacred sites are areas or places in Australia of significant Aboriginal Australian meaning within the animist context of the localised indigenous belief system. Most are somehow related to Aboriginal mythology, known as 'The Dreaming, or The Dreamtime'. The Dreaming / Dreamtime is a term used to refer collectively to aboriginal religious beliefs. These beliefs endeavour to explain the questions of ultimate human reality, including the origins of humans and animals. The dreaming is a constant phenomenon which includes the past, present and future. They believed that the Spirits who initially inhabited the land were their ancestors and their identity was derived from the spirits from whom they were meant to be descended.

Particular tribes had their own totem which was an animal often native to their tribe's territory. The Pinnacles he Pinnacles are limestone formations contained within Nambung National Park, near the town of Cervantes, Western Australia. The Legend of the Three Sisters. Dream Time Story of the 3 Sisters in the Blue Mountains. The beauty of the Blue Mountains is shrouded in a veil of mystery and outstanding natural splendour. Silver mist rises from the green cloaked rainforest, golden peaks reach towards the sky and down in the valleys waterfalls gush to feed the scented eucalyptus trees. One of the most spectacular landmarks of this world heritage site has to be The Three Sisters. Every year tourists flock to stand in awe at the unusual rock formations carved from the cliffs at Echo Point in Katoomba.

These three majestic rocks capture the sunlight and burst with colour throughout the day, even when the sky floods with night the magical three sisters glitter gold against the velvet backdrop. A Tale of Love Yet it’s not only the wonder of the landscape that captures the hearts of many travellers who sojourn to the Blue Mountains but the story behind the three rocks that stand tall. The ancient aboriginal legend tells the tale of three sisters - 'Meehni', 'Wimlah' and Gunnedoo'. A Tale of Blood A Tale of Magic. Three Sisters declared an Aboriginal place | New South Wales Government. Ms Parker said the declaration recognises the special cultural, social and historic significance of the site to the Aboriginal community. “The Three Sisters are significant to Aboriginal culture as a mythical place of legends and stories,” Ms Parker said. “The area down into the valley below the Three Sisters was used as a ceremonial space with legend telling how the Three Sisters came to be the land formations commanding a view of the valley in traditional times.

“The area is highly valued by the Aboriginal peoples of the Gundungurra, Wiradjuri, Tharawal and Darug nations for its majestic land formations, incredible views across the ranges and down into the valley to the Kedumba River below.” Mrs Sage said more than 600,000 visit the site every annually. In announcing the latest declaration Ms Parker reaffirmed that the Government is committed to the recognition and conservation of Aboriginal cultural heritage. Australia's National Heritage List | Department of the Environment and Energy.