Clipping and Masking in CSS. Both of these things are used to hide some parts of elements and show other parts.
But there are, of course, differences between the two. Differences in what they can do, differences in syntaxes, different technologies involved, the new and the deprecated, and browser support differences. And sadly there is quite a bit of outdated information out there. Let's see if we can sort it out. The difference between clipping and masking. Clippy — CSS clip-path maker. 6 Methods For Vertical Centering With CSS - Vanseo Design. Centering elements vertically with css is something that often gives designers trouble.
There are however a variety of methods for vertical centering and each is fairly easy to use. Today I want to present 6 of those methods. I’ve usually skipped over the topic of vertical centering, since there are some good posts already out there that are easy enough to find, but recently Bikram commented requesting a tutorial on vertically centering so I thought why not. You can view demos of each of the methods below by clicking here. Clicking the images above each section will also take you to that specific demo. Vertical Centering with Line-Height. Vertical centering is achieved by giving the child div (the one containing the text) a line-height larger than the font-size.
Some also set a height equal to the line-height on this div, but I haven't found it necessary. Html - vertical alignment of elements in a div. By default h1 is a block element and will render on the line after the first img, and will cause the second img to appear on the line following the block.
To stop this from occurring you can set the h1 to have inline flow behaviour: As for absolutely positioning the img inside the div, you need to set the containing div to have a "known size" before this will work properly. In my experience, you also need to change the position attribute away from the default - position: relative works for me: If you can get that to work, you might want to try progressively removing the height, width, position attributes from div.header to get the minimal required attributes to get the effect you want.
How to Center in CSS. Wat Centering in CSS is a pain in the ass.
There seems to be a gazillion ways to do it, depending on a variety of factors. This consolidates them and gives you the code you need for each situation. Select the type of content you want to center in a parent <div> and the size of the parent. Understanding vertical-align, or "How (Not) To Vertically Center Content" A FAQ on various IRC channels I help out on is How do I vertically center my stuff inside this area?
This question is often followed by I'm using vertical-align:middle but it's not working! The problem here is three-fold: HTML layout traditionally was not designed to specify vertical behavior. By its very nature, it scales width-wise, and the content flows to an appropriate height based on the available width. Traditionally, horizontal sizing and layout is easy; vertical sizing and layout was derived from that. Vertical-align in table cells When used in table cells, vertical-align does what most people expect it to, which is mimic the (old, deprecated) valign attribute. Html - How to center align vertically the container in bootstrap. The Flexible box way Vertical alignment is now very simple by the use of Flexible box layout.
Nowadays, this method is supported in a wide range of web browsers except Internet Explorer 8 & 9. Therefore we'd need to use some hacks/polyfills or different approaches for IE8/9. In the following I'll show you how to do that in only 3 lines of text (regardless of old flexbox syntax). Note: it's better to use an additional class instead of altering .jumbotron to achieve the vertical alignment. Example Here (A Mirror on jsbin). Multi column layout control. Image 1. - Three column layout Introduction This control allows you to simply and automatically divide your HTML content into multiple columns and present articles in better readable multi-column layout.
If you look at the web pages of random newspapers, you'll notice that the width of article text is about 400px. SEO Two Columns Elastic CSS/Table/Div Page Layout. Content Area This layout has two columns: Navigation area on the left and Content area where main content is located.
One of many factors that search engines use when calculates ranking is location of the content in HTML of the page. It is better if your main content is on the top of the HTML. Because of that, in this page layout Content area comes first in HTML and Navigation area is second. Elastic layout means that it uses em units to define elements size, like font size, layout width etc.
This layout contains Header area on top, two columns (Navigation and Content) in the middle and Footer area on the bottom. If you prefer three columns check SEO Three Columns Elastic page layout, or choose some other layout from left menu. CSS layouts. Here are a range of CSS responsive HTML and CSS layouts – including one, two and three column layouts.
All layouts are ready to use – as is – with folders, dummy AppleTouch icon, dummy favicon and CSS files in place. All layouts are FREE to use as needed and can be downloaded directly from Github. Simple responsive layouts. CSS Rounded Corners 'Roundup' 4Google + Note: This post is continually updated as I come across new techniques. This collection of techniques to create boxes with rounded corners using CSS has become quite popular.
The problem now is there are so many choices it's hard to know which one to choose. Маниакальный веблог » Резиновая раскладка. После статьи с примером раскладки очень многие спрашивали, как сделать ее тянущейся. Надо сказать, я изначально не планировал с ней делать что-то подобное. Во-первых, Учебник, все же, не коллекция кода для копирования, а описание сути вещей. Во-вторых же, несмотря на удивительную популярность колоночных раскладок, CSS на них просто не расчитан.
Тем не менее, я подумал, что такой пример все же будет полезен, потому что наглядно показывает, на какие ухищрения надо идти при использовании неподходящих инструментов. То есть это будет скорее отрицательный пример. Общий принцип. CSS Class Inheritance: Abstracting Selectors. OOCSS (Object Oriented CSS) is a CSS Framework by Nicole Sullivan. It is unique among the landscape of CSS frameworks – it consists of some basic CSS to get you started and best practices to help you build out webpages by adhering to a very strict separation of concerns at both the html content and CSS style levels. Like other CSS Frameworks, OOCSS expects you to build your content on top of your stylesheets instead of the other way around and it is well suited for sites that churn out lots of custom html pages that need to adhere to a common look and feel. The object oriented aspect of the framework is built on the concept of CSS Class Inheritance – a very powerful and natural concept. LessCSS also attempts to provide this feature via precompilation.
Unfortunately, it doesn’t really exist yet in either case. CSS Rounded Corners - border-radius. The ability to create rounded corners with CSS opens the possibility of subtle design improvements without the need to include images. CSS rounded corners thus save us time in creating images and requests to the server. Today, rounded corners with CSS are supported by all of the major browsers: Safari, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Firefox. Let's look at border-radius syntax, caveats, and Internet Explorer support. Syntax and Standards The CSS3 standard property for applying rounded corners is border-radius. The preceding statement assigns one rounded corner value to each of the element's four corners.
CSS Vertical Stretch. CSS Vertical Stretch Update: Due to Microsoft’s release of IE 7, parts of this article have become outdated. Please be aware that the * html hack for IE 6 causes some issues in IE 7. As an alternative, the best way to apply CSS rules for IE 6 is to use a separate stylesheet that is only read by IE 6 (or lower). Please read my article “Serving Up IE Specific Stylesheets” for more information. To apply the same rules that are listed with a * html hack below, remove the * html portion of the CSS rule and put the rest in your IE 6 stylesheet. New CSS Sticky Footer - 2010 - HTML for Bottom of Page Footer. The Perfect 2 Column Liquid Layout (double page): No CSS hacks. SEO friendly. iPhone compatible. Percentage dimensions of the double page layout All the dimensions are in percentage widths so the layout adjusts to any screen resolution.
Why I think divs are better than tables. CSS Wrap. A CSS Sticky Footer. A CSS Sticky Footer that just works. CSS учебник и бесплатные уроки по каскадным таблицам стилей. CSS-Tricks по-русски.