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Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St. Alban , [ a ] Kt. , KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. Although his political career ended in disgrace, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution .
- Read the works of Sir Francis Bacon online at The Literature Page A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds. Sir Francis Bacon By far the best proof is experience. Certainly virtue is like precious odors, most fragrant when they are incensed, or crushed: for prosperity doth best discover vice, but adversity doth best discover virtue.
Paracelsus (born Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim , 11 November or 17 December 1493 – 24 September 1541) was a German-Swiss [ 3 ] Renaissance physician , botanist , alchemist , astrologer , and general occultist . [ 4 ] He is also credited for giving zinc its name, calling it zincum . [ 5 ] [ 6 ] "Paracelsus", meaning "equal to or greater than Celsus", refers to the Roman encyclopedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus from the 1st century, known for his tract on medicine . [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ edit ] Biography Paracelsus was born and raised in the village of Einsiedeln in Switzerland . His father, Wilhelm Bombast von Hohenheim , was a Swabian ( German ) chemist and physician.
Eckhart von Hochheim O.P. (c. 1260 – c. 1327), commonly known as Meister Eckhart [ ˈmaɪ̯stɐ ˈɛkʰaʀt ], was a German theologian , philosopher and mystic , born near Gotha , in the Landgraviate of Thuringia in the Holy Roman Empire . Meister is German for "Master", referring to the academic title Magister in theologia he obtained in Paris. Coming into prominence during the Avignon Papacy at a time of increased tensions between the Franciscans and Eckhart's Dominican Order of Friars Preachers, he was brought up on charges later in life before the local Franciscan-led Inquisition .
The Blessed John of Ruysbroeck ( Dutch : Jan van Ruusbroec, Jan (or Johannes) van Ruysbroeck , Dutch: [jɑn vɑn rœ.y̯zbruk, ry.zbruk] ) (1293 or 1294, Ruisbroek – 2 December 1381, Groenendaal ) was one of the Flemish mystics . [ edit ] Life [ edit ] Until his ordination John had a devout mother, who brought him up in the Catholic faith ; of his father we know nothing. John's surname , Van Ruusbroec , is not a surname in the modern sense but a toponym that refers to his native hamlet ; modern-day Ruisbroek near Brussels (compare John of Salisbury or Democritus of Abdera ). At the age of eleven he left his mother, departing without leave or warning, to place himself under the guidance and tuition of his uncle, Jan Hinckaert , a canon regular of St.
Roger Bacon , O.F.M. (c. 1214–1294) ( scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis , meaning "wonderful teacher"), was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods. He is sometimes credited, mainly starting in the 19th century, as one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method inspired by the works of Aristotle and later Arabic works, such as the works of Muslim scientist Alhazen . [ 2 ] However, more recent reevaluations emphasize that he was essentially a medieval thinker, with much of his "experimental" knowledge obtained from books, in the scholastic tradition . [ 3 ] A survey of the reception of Bacon's work over centuries found that it often reflects the concerns and controversies central to the receivers. [ 4 ]