Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
Pankration ( pron.: / p æ n . ˈ k r eɪ t i . ɒ n / or / p æ ŋ ˈ k r eɪ ʃ ən / ) was a martial art introduced into the Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC and founded as a blend of boxing and wrestling but with scarcely any rules. The only things not acceptable were biting and gouging of the opponent's eyes. The term comes from the Greek παγκράτιον [paŋkrátion] , literally meaning "all powers" from πᾶν ( pan- ) "all" + κράτος ( kratos ) "strength, power". [ 1 ] [ edit ] History
Capoeira ( / ˌ k æ p uː ˈ ɛər ə / ; Portuguese pronunciation: [kapuˈejɾɐ] in English cap-oh-ay-ra)) is a Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance and music . It was developed in Brazil mainly by Africans beginning in the 15th century. It is known by quick and complex moves, using mainly power, speed, and leverage for leg sweeps. The word capoeira probably comes from the Tupi language , referring to the areas of low vegetation in the Brazilian interior. [ edit ] History
Ninjutsu ( 忍術 ? ) sometimes used interchangeably with the term ninpō ( 忍法 ? ) [ citation needed ] is the martial art [ citation needed ] , strategy , and tactics of unconventional warfare and guerrilla warfare as well as the art of espionage purportedly practiced by the shinobi (commonly known outside of Japan as ninja ). [ 1 ]
Ishikawa Goemon ( 石川 五右衛門 ? , 1558 - October 8, 1594) was a semi-legendary Japanese outlaw hero who stole gold and valuables and gave them to the poor. [ 1 ] Goemon is notable for being boiled alive along with his son in public after a failed assassination attempt on the civil war-era warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi . His legend continues to live on, often with greatly exaggerated ninja skills, in contemporary Japanese popular culture . [ edit ] Biography There is little historical information on Goemon's life, and as he has become a folk hero , his background and origins have been widely speculated upon. In his first appearance in the historical annals, in the 1642 biography of Hideyoshi , Goemon was referred to simply as a thief.
The following is a list of characters from the Virtua Fighter fighting game series released by Sega . Starting with Virtua Fighter , this series has spanned five games (not including updates) and has been released on arcade systems as well as home consoles. [ edit ] Akira Yuki Akira Yuki
Anderson da Silva [ 1 ] ( Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɐ̃deʁsõ ˈsiwvɐ] ; born April 14, 1975) is a Brazilian mixed martial artist and current UFC Middleweight Champion . Silva is the UFC's longest reigning champion and also holds the longest winning and title defense streak in UFC history, with 16 consecutive wins and 10 title defenses. [ 5 ] He has 12 post-fight bonus awards . [ 6 ] Silva is ranked as the #1 middleweight in the world by multiple publications including Sherdog [ 7 ] and is the consensus No. 1 pound-for-pound mixed martial arts fighter in the world according to ESPN , Sherdog , Yahoo! Sports and other publications. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] UFC president Dana White has called Silva "the greatest mixed martial artist ever." [ 11 ] [ 12 ]
Lyoto Carvalho Machida ( Portuguese pronunciation: [liˈotu maˈʃidɐ] ) (born May 30, 1978) is a Brazilian mixed martial artist from Salvador , Brazil who fights as a Light Heavyweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship . He is currently ranked as the #1 Light Heavyweight contender in the official UFC fighter rankings. [ 2 ] He is currently ranked as the #2 light heavyweight fighter in the world by Sherdog . [ 3 ] [ edit ] Biography [ edit ] Early life
Georges St-Pierre ( French pronunciation: [ʒɔʁʒ sɛ̃ pjɛʁ] ; born May 19, 1981), often referred to as GSP , is a Canadian mixed martial artist and the current Welterweight Champion of the UFC . St-Pierre has for several years been ranked as the #1 welterweight in the world according to Sherdog , [ 7 ] and numerous other publications. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] In 2008, 2009, and 2010 he was named the Canadian Athlete of the Year by Rogers Sportsnet . [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] Background
Taekwondo / ˌ t aɪ ˌ k w ɒ n ˈ d oʊ / (Korean 태권도 ( 跆拳道 ) [tʰɛk͈wʌndo] ) is a martial art originating in Korea . It combines combat and self-defense techniques with sport and exercise . In 1989, taekwondo was the world's most popular martial art. [ 1 ] Gyeorugi ( pronounced [kjʌɾuɡi] ), a type of sparring , has been an Olympic event since 2000.
Muay Thai ( Thai : มวยไทย , RTGS : Muai Thai , IPA: [mūɛj tʰāj] ) is a combat sport from the muay martial arts of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] This physical and mental discipline which includes combat on foot is known as "the art of eight weapons" because it is characterized by the combined use of fists, elbows, knees, shins and feet, being associated with a good physical preparation that makes a full-contact fight very efficient. [ 5 ] Muay Thai became popular in the sixteenth century, but became widespread internationally only in the twentieth century, when many Thai fighters won several victories over representatives of other martial arts. [ 6 ] The sport of muay Thai is solely governed by the International Federation of Muaythai Amateur and a professional league is governed by the World Muay Thai Council. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ edit ] Etymology
Vale tudo ( Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈvali ˈtudu] ; English: anything goes) are full-contact unarmed combat events, with a limited number of rules, that became popular in Brazil during the 20th century. [ 1 ] Vale Tudo has been considered a combat sport by some observers. [ 2 ] While Vale Tudo uses techniques from many martial art styles, making it similar to modern mixed martial arts competitions, it is a distinct style in its own right. [ citation needed ] [ edit ] History [ edit ] 1920s to 1980s Fighting sideshows , termed "Vale Tudo" or "anything goes", became popular in Brazilian circuses during the 1920s. [ 3 ] Examples of such bouts were described in the Japanese-American Courier on October 4, 1928: [ 4 ]
Jujutsu ( English pronunciation: /dʒuˈdʒʌtsu/ ; Japanese : 柔術, jūjutsu listen , Japanese pronunciation: [ˈdʑɯɯ.dʑɯ.tsɯ] ) is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon or only a short weapon. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] The word jujutsu is often spelled as jujitsu , ju-jitsu , jiu-jutsu or jiu-jitsu . " Jū " can be translated to mean "gentle, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding." " Jutsu " can be translated to mean "art" or "technique" and represents manipulating the opponent's force against himself rather than confronting it with one's own force. [ 1 ] Jujutsu developed among the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. [ 3 ] Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws.
Judo ( 柔道 , jūdō ? , meaning "gentle way") is a modern martial art , combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano . Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin , or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke . Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms ( kata ) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice ( randori ).
Zui Quan ( Traditional and Simplified Chinese : 醉拳; pinyin: Zuì Quán) is literally Drunken Fist , also known as Drunken Boxing or Drunkard's Boxing ) is a concept in traditional Chinese martial arts , as well as a classification of modern Wushu forms. Zui Quan is sometimes called Zuijiuquan ( Chinese : 醉酒拳 ; pinyin : zuìjiǔquán , literally "Drunken Alcohol Fist"). [ edit ] Concept
Monkey Kung Fu , or Monkey Fist (猴拳), is a Chinese martial art which utilizes ape or monkey -like movements as part of its technique. There are a number of independently developed systems of monkey kung fu. Examples includes Xingzhemen (行者門) named after the protagonist Sun Wukong of the popular Ming dynasty novel Journey to the West , Nanhouquan (南猴拳) or Southern Monkey Fist originating from the Southern Shaolin Temple as well as the better-known Da Sheng Pi Gua Men 大聖劈掛門 style of Hong Kong. [ edit ] Origins [ edit ] Hou Quan The Hou Quan style from the Emei region, taught by the famous "Monkey King" Xiao Yingpeng and others, was also used as the basis for the modern wushu variant of monkey style (and monkey staff) that is often seen in demonstrations and competitions today.