Design’s Next Frontier: Nudging Consumers Into Making Better Life Choices. The following is adapted from an Artefact white paper.
The full version may be downloaded here. Recent advances in neuroscience and behavioral economics, cognitive psychology and anthropology are helping us better understand how our brains work and how decision-making takes place. A core finding of this work is that we are not primarily the products of our conscious thinking; we are instead the products of thinking that happens below the level of awareness. Reason, it turns out, is highly dependent on emotional value judgments and therefore is highly susceptible to bias. This is a departure from the conventional wisdom of 20th-century economists and policy makers who tended to think of people as rational creatures who would weigh their options and make rational decisions. Now we are starting to amass a body of evidence built from hundreds of scientific studies documenting dozens of human cognitive biases. Designers have been influencing behavior for a long time.
How Organizational Psychology Fosters a Productive Workplace. Psychology is sometimes used to teach people to operate on a healthier level by establishing methods of communication.
The key to solving problems is finding out what people are thinking, how they feel about certain issues, and then teaching them how to properly communicate their thoughts to others. Organizational psychology is a form of psychology that uses these principles to foster a more productive work environment. The ultimate goal of organizational psychology is to increase productivity by heightening the morale of employees. One of the things an organizational psychologist does is help workers understand how they interact with their co-workers and, if necessary, how to make the changes needed to develop satisfactory relationships in the workplace. How Organizational Psychology Works The Role of an Organizational Psychologist An organizational psychologist works with everyone from lower-ranked employees to middle management and leadership teams.
Creative Organizational Design - COD - Articles - Psychology In The Workplace. Using psychology to facilitate leadership, teamwork, profitability and workplace satisfaction.
Erik Erikson was a famous Danish psychologist who developed a very useful theory about how we mature. He talked about leadership, getting along with others and making sense of our world. Although every psychology student knows about Erikson, the business world has been slow to realize that his theory also applies to the workplace. Erikson said that at each one of eight stages we learn how to master a specific task. If we are successful, this leads to the development of a lasting strength or ability, which helps us deal with our world and those around us. In the first stage we learn either to trust or mistrust people. How does this apply at work? In the next stage, Erikson suggested that we learn one of two things — autonomy or to feel doubt when we assert ourselves.
Erikson's third stage involves learning to either show some initiative or feel guilty when you do. Re-printable with permission. Evidence-Based I–O Psychology: Not There Yet - BRINER - 2011 - Industrial and Organizational Psychology. 15.301 Managerial Psychology, Fall 2006. Course Features Course Description This course introduces you to behavioral science theories, methods, and tools and provides opportunities to use and apply them to problems you will encounter in your work and career.
The course material will begin with an overview of work and organizations in modern industrial society, and then examine individual behavior, move to behavior in groups or teams, and finally discuss organizations as a whole. It is expected that at the end of the course you will: (a) know something about managerial psychology, (b) know how to learn more, (c) understand the behavioral research process, and (d) develop skills in presenting your ideas in oral and written reports.