Mushroom Substrates to grow mushrooms / Mushroomsource Supplies & Tools. Making Straw Based Mushroom Growing Substrate. Originally posted at Erowid.
Making Straw Based Mushroom Growing Substrate Hot water pasteurization: This method is especially suitable for most types of oyster mushroom, P. cubensis Strains and Liberty Caps. Simple technology, short production cycles are the main advantages of the approach. With some experience and extra care, hot water pasteurization may also be used to prepare substrate for Shiitake, Crimini, Portobello, shaggy mane, garden giant, blewit, and the paddy straw mushroom. It is especially effective with whole or chopped straw, but may also be used for coarse wood chips, alone or in admixture with straw and small amounts of similar materials and supplements. Details of the method: Cut 2 kg cereal straw (wheat, barley) into 2-4 inch long pieces - enough to form a compacted, basketball-sized lump. Completely submerge the bag in a vessel of hot water (65°C) for approximately 1 hr. Cleanliness is essential. Empty the cooled straw onto a clean, disinfected working surface.
Bulk Substrates: How to Select the Proper Substrates. Knowing the right bulk substrate for your needs and how to prepare it is often going to be the deciding factor in whether your cultivation efforts become fruitful.
Selecting the wrong substrate for the job, or cutting corners is one of the leading factors in the failure of bulk grows, especially with new cultivators. Different types of mushrooms want different substrates. P. cubenis for example grow very well on dung based substrates, and coir. Ganoderma lucidium will grow well on coir and hardwood substrates, but not dung. Oysters love straw and paper substrates. A Mycelium Study? - Substrates. A synthetic nutrient solution that provides Psilocybe Cubensis with all essential nutrients is as follows: Product: 60 g of concentrated synthetic nutrient solutionConcentration: 100 g will produce 8 L of aqueous nutrient solution.Acidity: 7.5 g of concentrate should produce 1 L of solution with a pH of 5.5 Quality: Does not need to meet reagent purity, food grade is acceptable.Make Up: Relevance of definition in the order of Formula, Name, then CAS RN: 1.
How to Spawn Grain and Sub for Bulk Application - Grow Mushrooms - Bulk Techniques - Shroomology. Additives - Mushroom Cultivation. With all the talk about super additives I thought I would make a post to help some with additives.
I am not claiming to know every thing or saying I am a professional mycologist, home mycology is fairly new and we all are newbies to an extent. There are no super miracle additives, no one fits all and no one additive that can be used for every thing. You need to know what your mushrooms want and what levels they need. How to Use Coir Substrate for Mushrooms. Mushroomers ClubGrowing Mushrooms The Easy Way With Hydrogen Peroxide ~ mushroomers club. What Is Hydrogen Peroxide and Why is it Used in Mushroom Cultivation?
According to Wikipedia, hydrogen peroxide is a clear and odorless liquid similar to water with a strong oxidizing capacity. Due to its oxidizing properties it is used as a bleach or cleaning agent. For consumers, it is usually available from pharmacies at 3 and 6wt% concentrations. Commercial grades from 70 to 98% are also available, but the latter require special care and dedicated storage. Preparing spawn bags. Why Use Spawn Bags?
Regardless of the type of mushroom that one wants to grow, spawn bags provide an excellent solution to handle many pounds of substrate in a totally sterile environment with relative ease. Spawn bags can be used to colonize either spawn or the final fruiting substrate (which can then be laid in a tray if desired). As a cultivation tool for the colonizing the fruiting substrate, spawn bags greatly simplify the process of bulk growing, reducing the chance of failure and speeding the growing cycle by one or two weeks since the spawning process is bypassed entirely.
The books covering spawn bag methodologies describe usage assuming one has access to a HEPA filtered flow hood, so one can easily be intimidated assuming spawn bags are in the domain of professional growers only. Nothing, though, could be further from the truth! Shop for Bags, Unicorn Bags. Very Easy Spawn-Bag Mushroom TEK W/ Pictures - Cultivation. Mushroom Teks on the Nexus A while back SWIM searched the nexus in an attempt to find a really easy and straight forward mushroom growing tek, but only came across ones that were either confusing/complicated or outdated and used unnecessary steps.
After doing lots of research and about two years of mushroom growing experience and testing, SWIM thinks he found the best tek and is now, finally, ready to share it with others. In SWIM's opinion, mushroom cultivation (if done respectfully) can be a very fun hobby that keeps the mind and body in sync. It can be one of the best experiences of one's life, both eye opening and enjoyable. SWIM wants to introduce others into the hobby and help others experience this. The First StepsFirst, we need to buy all the supplies needed, including the spores. There are plenty of vendors for spores. Also, there are plenty of vendors to buy supplies from, both online and at your local garden and hardware stores. Rez Effect - Grow Mushrooms - Bulk Techniques - Shroomology. Clarifying Bulk Substrates, Pasteurising and Spawning - Mycology - The Corroboree.
There seems to be a little confusion about bulk substrates, what goes into them, pasteurising and spawning, so I want to take a moment to write a brief description of the terminology and give an example of how to go about this task. I firmly believe if you are capable of culturing a healthy jar of mushroom mycelium - then you have already done the hardest part. Spawning is easy, and bulk susbtrates can quadruple the amount of fruiting mycelium easily, while supplying valuable moisture/nutrients needed for healthy and prolific fruits.
Remember, there are many ways to skin a cat - this isn't by any means gospel, ( Microbial Activity — Mushroom Grower Info. David M.
Beyer, Department of Plant Pathology Introduction To begin a review about Phase II composting first we should think about the organism we are trying to grow and why it has such a finicky food source. Psilocybe cubensis WBS spawn to horse dung - Grow Logs. Here goes.
My first grow EVER. A little history beforehand. I lurked for about 6 months. ShroomGod's Straw Tek. How to grow mushrooms - bulk- part 1: Grain Spawn Preparation. Growing with bulk substrates - Mycology Wiki. Bulk substrate - Mycology Wiki. Bulk substrates are moderately nutritious materials used in mass mushroom cultivation. Bulk substrates are often used in conjunction with a pre-colonized grain spawn which is used to inoculate the bulk substrate. Pasteurization vs sterilization Edit When moderately nutritious bulk substrates are pasteurized at 140-160°F (60-71°C), some beneficial micro organisms, mainly bacteria, stay alive, inhabit the substrate and guard it against other, more aggressive micro organisms. This resistance to contamination is the reason bulk substrate can be inoculated with spawn in open spaces without taking special sterile precautions.
Bulk Substrates. Horse Manure Substrate - Let's Grow Mushrooms. Here's a few short clips from our horse manure video, which demonstrates the preparation of manure for use as a bulk substrate for growing mushrooms. While horse manure was chosen for this demonstration, this technique will work well with the manure from just about any grass and grain-eating animal such as cow, donkey, deer, moose, rabbit, etc. Purchase the 2 DVD Release of "Let's Grow Mushrooms" Four hours of hands-on video instruction in the art of mushroom cultivation, shown at full screen broadcast TV resolution. The idea is to collect field-aged, dry manure. Unless you’re building a compost pile, don’t collect ‘green’ manure.
Marc R Keith. Let's Grow Mushrooms! 1.8 - On Horse Manure. Poo with Extras. Ingredients:30 Cups Shredded Horse Manure 16 Cups Vermiculite 14 Cups Coco Coir 12 Cups Wild Bird Seed 4 Cups Organic Worm Castings 4 Cups Garden Gypsum 2 Cups Spent Coffee Grinds 3 Tablespoons Kelp Meal 4 Tablespoons Vegetable Oil Used to use hydrated lime, but changed mindWater, add a gallon at first and then squeeze test. Add more in small increments as needed. Makes 4 spawn bags (82 cups dry) Take a sample, hydrate and then test pH after a few hours if you want to know what it's at. You can bring it it down with more coffee or up by adding some hydrated lime. 5.5-6.5 is fine. I wouldn't worry if it is a little over 6.5 though. 1 8 On Horse Manure. How I Doo my Poo (Hpoo Pasteurization Tek) - Cultivation. Trav suggested I put up some teks of how I do my mush, so, well here it begins. I plan on putting a few seperate teks and splitting them up with as many pictures as I can take to help explain it as thorough as possible (I know we all love pics).
Before starting, I must say that I have learned almost all of this at the shroomery (along with some help from Paul Stamets TMC, and RR's dvd Let's Grow Mushrooms!). Prof_P's EZ Subz Bulk Poo Tek [Video Guide] - Mushroom Cultivation.