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Crise des réfugiés / Refugee crisis

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Vu d’Allemagne. Calais : la “jungle” renaîtra. Des milliers de réfugiés sont évacués de la “jungle” pour être répartis dans tout le pays. Et après ? Après, il est probable qu’ils reviennent, estime la presse allemande. Il y a eu de nombreuses tentatives et d’innombrables annonces, mais aujourd’hui c’est en train de se faire : grâce à une “importante opération policière”, la France travaille à l’évacuation de “son plus grand bidonville”, note Spiegel Online ce mardi. Depuis l’aube du 24 octobre, les cars quittent la “jungle” de Calais toutes les quinze minutes, raconte le plus grand site d’information allemand. Direction : l’un des 280 centres d’accueil et d’orientation répartis sur le territoire, où les migrants vont pouvoir déposer une demande d’asile. “Un effort logistique énorme”, souligne le site, qui exprime aussitôt ses doutes sur les effets à long terme de l’évacuation. Les ONG se préparent à recommencer leur distribution de couvertures et de tentes le long des routes qui mènent vers la ville.

Alain Juppé calls for UK border to move from Calais to Kent | World news. France must push back its border with Britain from Calais to the Kent coast and stop managing refugees and migrants for the UK, Alain Juppé has told the Guardian. Juppé, 71, the current favourite to become the next French president, said he wants a complete renegotiation of the Le Touquet accord, the deal between France and Britain that keeps border checks, and thousands of refugees and migrants, on the French side of the Channel.

“We can’t tolerate what is going on in Calais, the image is disastrous for our country and there are also extremely serious economic and security consequences for the people of Calais,” Juppé said in an interview in Paris with the Guardian and a handful of European newspapers. “So the first thing is to denounce the Le Touquet accords. We cannot accept making the selection on French territory of people that Britain does or doesn’t want. It’s up to Britain to do that job.” Juppé said he was not afraid of Britain’s strong opposition to changing the accord. After the Calais Jungle: is there a long-term solution? Views from France and Britain.

Ever since the French president François Hollande went to Calais in late September 2016 and promised that the migrant camp on its outskirts, known as “the Jungle”, would be dismantled, its residents have been preparing to be moved. On October 24, queues of people who had been living in the camp in hope of crossing to Britain, waited to be registered before being transported on buses to refugee centres in other parts of France. However, it’s feared there are some residents who do not want to leave. The camp is to be demolished. But will this police operation bring an end to people heading for Calais? Conversation editors in London and Paris asked two academics from either side of the English Channel who work on migration for their views. We’ve been here before Heaven Crawley, research professor at the Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations, Coventry University In August 2002 I was working in the UK Home Office. Fifteen years later and here we are again.

Links to the UK won’t disappear. Humanitarian Visas: an asset of the EU´s response to the Refugee emergency! Published 08:31 October 24, 2016 Updated 08:31 October 24, 2016 The idea to promote a European Humanitarian Visa was launched in the context of the Visa Code Recast file, for which I am the EP´s rapporteur. The wakeup call for that goal was the current migration crisis, particularly, the unacceptable death toll in the Mediterranean. The extent of the tragedy proves beyond doubt the necessity of the objective. A humanitarian Visa is needed to provide for one legal pathway to reach the territory of the Member States for persons seeking international protection in a safe manner. As such, those visas would be based on historic precedents in which the issuing of visas helped to save the lives of many Europeans, as well as on the current best practices of some specific Member States.

This call for humanitarian visas is, among others, a poignant contribution of the European Parliament for addressing the migration crisis in a holistic way. How could the Humanitarian Visas work in practice? Démantèlement de la « Jungle » de Calais. Et après ? Ni ne devrait se faire prier pour consentir un geste d'hospitalité au final dérisoire : quelque 7 000 migrants à répartir, 70 par département ! Une goutte d'eau, comparé à ce que vivent la Grèce, l'Italie, l'Allemagne et surtout les pays limitrophes des zones de guerre, submergés et déstabilisés. Rien à voir avec les vagues italienne, espagnole ou portugaise qui se chiffraient, au milieu du XXe siècle, en centaines de milliers de migrants. Pour des raisons de calendrier politique et de « spectacle » humanitaire insoutenable, l'exécutif s'est senti obligé d'adresser un message de fermeté.

Jusqu'à en oublier, dans sa précipitation, certains acteurs locaux, vexés de n'avoir pas été associés. Pour des raisons tout aussi politiques, des mouvements nationaux et locaux, défenseurs de la générosité et de la famille quand ça arrange leur conscience sélective, refusent l'accueil de ces pauvres hères, le temps d'examiner leur situation. Une réponse provisoire. What does the closure of the Calais camp mean for the refugees? Our panel discuss | Yvette Cooper, Clare Moseley, Hassan Akkad, Patrick Kingsley | Opinion. Yvette Cooper: Urgent action is needed to get all unaccompanied children and teenagers to safety No one should be living in the squalid, inhumane and dangerous conditions of the Calais camp. For people – and especially children – to be stuck in a place like this in northern Europe should shame us all.

Ghettoised and lawless camps where criminal and trafficking gangs can exploit and threaten can never be the answer to the refugee crisis. So yes of course the camp needs to be cleared. The questions instead should be how, when and whether this is part of a comprehensive plan. There needs to be enough safe accommodation, UNHCR involvement and monitoring, and a proper process for asylum and immigration assessments so refugees get the urgent help they need and those who are not refugees return home.

And there needs to be a proper strategy to prevent people ending up in Calais in the first place – including action against the trafficking gangs. The Calais Jungle is being cleared, but what follows may be worse | The Independent. Clearing long-suffering people out of a stinking, unhealthy, cold and unsanitary encampment with little security or protection from the coming winter is, at the risk of over-simplifying a highly complex situation, a good thing. It is in nobody’s interest that refugees, including children, who have crossed a continent to escape war, torture and persecution, are left to be brutalised by people traffickers and miscellaneous criminals in a place beyond the law and human rights.

It is true, as has often been remarked, that it would not be tolerated on British soil, and it is an astonishing indictment of the callousness of so many in Europe that it has been allowed to fester at Calais for so long. There has been a camp of would-be migrants at this port for so long – on and off since the start of the millennium – that the presence of the so-called Jungle, an ugly name for an ugly place, has been taken for granted by governments on both sides of the Channel. Reuse content. Europe isn’t just about trade. It’s about humanity too | Zoe Williams | Opinion. ‘It’s embarrassing”, said Andy Elvin of the Adolescent and Children’s Trust, “for a developed nation not to have managed this more professionally.

We’re not even talking about a massive number of children.” To be more specific, we are talking about 70 unaccompanied minors, arriving from the Calais camp in accordance with the Dubs amendment, which was passed in April. The children arrived to find a panicked Home Office planning to house them in a detention centre and there waiting, the rightwing press, baying for blood after previous child arrivals with family members failed to look young enough. The Border Agency in Croydon had to erect an emergency facade to prevent tabloid photographers catching and shaming the children, for the crime of needing help. Meanwhile in Calais at the weekend, as the threat of the camps’ clearance loomed, the air was thick with teargas. Perhaps it sounds abstruse to even discuss these interlinked crises of an institution we’ve just walked away from.