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The Jargon File is a glossary of computer programmer slang . The original Jargon File was a collection of terms from technical cultures such as the MIT AI Lab , the Stanford AI Lab (SAIL) and others of the old ARPANET AI / LISP / PDP-10 communities, including Bolt, Beranek and Newman , Carnegie Mellon University , and Worcester Polytechnic Institute . [ edit ] 1975 to 1983 The Jargon File (referred to here as "jargon-1" or "the File") was made by Raphael Finkel at Stanford in 1975. From that time until the plug was finally pulled on the SAIL computer in 1991, the File was named "AIWORD.RF[UP,DOC]" ("[UP,DOC]" was a system directory for "User Program DOCumentation" on the WAITS operating system).
The Jargon File (version 4.4.7) Table of Contents Welcome to the Jargon File I. Introduction 1.
[This file, jargon.txt, was maintained on MIT-AI for many years, before being published by Guy Steele and others as the Hacker's Dictionary. Many years after the original book went out of print, Eric Raymond picked it up, updated it and republished it as the New Hacker's Dictionary. Unfortunately, in the process, he essentially destroyed what held it together, in various ways: first, by changing its emphasis from Lisp-based to UNIX-based (blithely ignoring the distinctly anti-UNIX aspects of the LISP culture celebrated in the original); second, by watering down what was otherwise the fairly undiluted record of a single cultural group through this kind of mixing; and third, by adding in all sorts of terms which are "jargon" only in the sense that they're technical.
William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction novelist who has been called the "noir prophet" of the cyberpunk subgenre. [ 17 ] Gibson coined the term " cyberspace " in his short story " Burning Chrome " (1982) and later popularized the concept in his debut novel , Neuromancer (1984). In envisaging cyberspace, Gibson created an iconography for the information age before the ubiquity of the Internet in the 1990s. [ 18 ] He is also credited with predicting the rise of reality television and with establishing the conceptual foundations for the rapid growth of virtual environments such as video games and the World Wide Web . Having changed residence frequently with his family as a child, Gibson became a shy, ungainly teenager who often read science fiction.
The Sprawl trilogy (also known as the Neuromancer , Cyberspace , or Matrix trilogy) is William Gibson 's first set of novels , composed of Neuromancer (1984), Count Zero (1986), and Mona Lisa Overdrive (1988). The novels are all set in the same fictional future, and are subtly interlinked by shared characters and themes (which are not always readily apparent). The Sprawl trilogy shares this setting with Gibson's short stories " Johnny Mnemonic ," " New Rose Hotel ," and " Burning Chrome ," and events and characters from the stories appear in or are mentioned at points in the trilogy. [ edit ] Setting and themes The novels are set in a near-future world dominated by corporations and ubiquitous technology, after a limited World War III .
The Bridge trilogy is a series of novels by William Gibson , his second after the successful Sprawl trilogy . The trilogy comprises the novels Virtual Light (1993), Idoru , (1996) and All Tomorrow's Parties (1999). [ edit ] Setting The first book of the Bridge trilogy is set in an imaginary 2006, with the subsequent books set a few years later. [ 1 ] The books deal with the race to control the beginnings of cyberspace technology and are set on the United States ' West coast in a post- earthquake California (divided into the separate states of NoCal and SoCal), as well as a post- earthquake Tokyo , Japan , that had been rebuilt using nanotechnology .
In computer network engineering, a Request for Comments ( RFC ) is a memorandum published by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) describing methods, behaviors, research, or innovations applicable to the working of the Internet and Internet-connected systems. Through the Internet Society , engineers and computer scientists may publish discourse in the form of an RFC, either for peer review or simply to convey new concepts, information, or (occasionally) engineering humor. The IETF adopts some of the proposals published as RFCs as Internet standards . Request For Comments documents were invented by Steve Crocker in 1969 to help record unofficial notes on the development of the ARPANET .