Facebook Twitter


Jargon File. The Jargon File is a glossary of computer programmer slang.

Jargon File

The original Jargon File was a collection of terms from technical cultures such as the MIT AI Lab, the Stanford AI Lab (SAIL) and others of the old ARPANET AI/LISP/PDP-10 communities, including Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Carnegie Mellon University, and Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 1975 to 1983[edit] In 1976, Mark Crispin, having seen an announcement about the File on the SAIL computer, FTPed a copy of the File to the MIT AI Lab. He noticed that it was hardly restricted to "AI words" and so stored the file on his directory, named as "AI:MRC;SAIL JARGON" ("AI" lab computer, directory "MRC", file "SAIL JARGON").

The File expanded by fits and starts until 1983. 1983 to 1990[edit] Shortly after the publication of Steele-1983, the File effectively stopped growing and changing. The Stanford AI Lab had effectively ceased to exist by 1980, although the SAIL computer continued as a computer science department resource until 1991. The Jargon File. The Jargon File (version 4.4.7) Table of Contents Welcome to the Jargon FileI.

The Jargon File

Introduction 1. Verb DoublingSoundalike SlangThe -P ConventionOvergeneralizationSpoken inarticulationsAnthropomorphizationComparatives 5. II. Glossary III. A. The Meaning of ‘Hack’TV Typewriters: A Tale of Hackish IngenuityA Story About ‘Magic'Some AI Koans Tom Knight and the Lisp MachineMoon instructs a studentSussman attains enlightenmentDrescher and the toaster OS and JEDGARThe Story of Mel B. General AppearanceDressReading HabitsOther InterestsPhysical Activity and SportsEducationThings Hackers Detest and AvoidFoodPoliticsGender and EthnicityReligionCeremonial ChemicalsCommunication StyleGeographical DistributionSexual HabitsPersonality CharacteristicsWeaknesses of the Hacker PersonalityMiscellaneous C.

The Original Hacker's Dictionary. [This file, jargon.txt, was maintained on MIT-AI for many years, before being published by Guy Steele and others as the Hacker's Dictionary.

The Original Hacker's Dictionary

Many years after the original book went out of print, Eric Raymond picked it up, updated it and republished it as the New Hacker's Dictionary. Unfortunately, in the process, he essentially destroyed what held it together, in various ways: first, by changing its emphasis from Lisp-based to UNIX-based (blithely ignoring the distinctly anti-UNIX aspects of the LISP culture celebrated in the original); second, by watering down what was otherwise the fairly undiluted record of a single cultural group through this kind of mixing; and third, by adding in all sorts of terms which are "jargon" only in the sense that they're technical.

This page, however, is pretty much the original, snarfed from MIT-AI around 1988. -- jpd.] Verb doubling: a standard construction is to double a verb and use i as a comment on what the implied subject does. ARG n. BANG n. William Gibson. William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction novelist who has been called the "noir prophet" of the cyberpunk subgenre.[2] Gibson coined the term "cyberspace" in his short story "Burning Chrome" (1982) and later popularized the concept in his debut novel, Neuromancer (1984).

William Gibson

In envisaging cyberspace, Gibson created an iconography for the information age before the ubiquity of the Internet in the 1990s.[3] He is also credited with predicting the rise of reality television and with establishing the conceptual foundations for the rapid growth of virtual environments such as video games and the World Wide Web. Having changed residence frequently with his family as a child, Gibson became a shy, ungainly teenager who often read science fiction. After spending his adolescence at a private boarding school in Arizona, Gibson evaded the draft during the Vietnam War by emigrating to Canada in 1968, where he became immersed in the counterculture.

Sprawl trilogy. The Sprawl trilogy (also known as the Neuromancer, Cyberspace, or Matrix trilogy) is William Gibson's first set of novels, composed of Neuromancer (1984), Count Zero (1986), and Mona Lisa Overdrive (1988).

Sprawl trilogy

The novels are all set in the same fictional future, and are subtly interlinked by shared characters and themes (which are not always readily apparent). The Sprawl trilogy shares this setting with Gibson's short stories "Johnny Mnemonic," "New Rose Hotel," and "Burning Chrome," and events and characters from the stories appear in or are mentioned at points in the trilogy. Setting and themes[edit] The novels are set in a near-future world dominated by corporations and ubiquitous technology, after a limited World War III. The events of the novels are spaced over 16 years, and although there are familiar characters that appear, each novel tells a self-contained story.

Story elements[edit] Glossary[edit] Cobra Cyberspace Cyberspace Deck Derm Fletcher Freeside Hosaka Microsofts Octagon Simstim. Bridge trilogy. Setting[edit] The first book of the Bridge trilogy is set in an imaginary 2006, with the subsequent books set a few years later.[1] The books deal with the race to control the beginnings of cyberspace technology and are set on the United States' West coast in a post-earthquake California (divided into the separate states of NoCal and SoCal), as well as a post-earthquake Tokyo, Japan, that had been rebuilt using nanotechnology.

Bridge trilogy

The trilogy derives its name from the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge, which was abandoned in an earthquake and has become a massive shantytown and a site of improvised shelter. The bridge becomes a pivotal location in Virtual Light and All Tomorrow's Parties. The 'bridge' may also be interpreted as a metaphor for the nascent technologies bridging contemporaneous life and the highly advanced future depicted in the Sprawl trilogy, where cyberspace and nanotechnology are fully developed and commonplace. [citation needed] Characters[edit] Major themes[edit] Request for Comments. A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Society, the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet.

Request for Comments

An RFC is authored by engineers and computer scientists in the form of a memorandum describing methods, behaviours, research, or innovations applicable to the working of the Internet and Internet-connected systems. It is submitted either for peer review or simply to convey new concepts, information, or (occasionally) engineering humour. The IETF adopts some of the proposals published as RFCs as Internet standards. History[edit] The inception of the RFC format occurred in 1969 as part of the seminal ARPANET project.[2] Today, it is the official publication channel for the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), and — to some extent — the global community of computer network researchers in general.

Production and evolution[edit] Sub-series[edit] Status[edit] Request for Comments. Official Internet Protocol Standards.

Request for Comments

This list is updated daily. Search RFCs by number, title, keywords, author, and more. Includes the STD, BCP, and FYI subseries identifiers. Hyperlinks to RFCs and errata, if any. Useful for finding all RFCs on a particular topic and tracing the relationships among them. RFC Errata Published RFCs never change. RFC Bibliographic Listing Listing of bibliographic entries for all RFCs, formatted for use in a References section of an RFC. Hyperlinked index of RFCs or subseries: Get RFCs by category and maturity level (Internet Standard, Proposed Standard, and more) View a list of RFCs that have changed status (i.e., category or maturity level) after publication.

Download the RFC collection (tar or zip files). Download the RFC index file (large!) Alternative RFC repositories, many with search capability, distributed around the Internet and around the world.