Plato ( pron.: / ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ / ; Greek : Πλάτων , Plátōn , "broad"; [ 2 ] 424/423 BC [a] – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece . He was also a mathematician , student of Socrates , writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in the Western world . Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle , Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science . [ 3 ] In the words of A. N. Whitehead :
Plato ~427 - 348 BC Greek Philosopher Wisdom of the Ancient Sages Philosopher & Sage An Introduction to Plato
by Plato Written 360 B.C.E Socrates And now, I said, let me show in a figure how far our nature is enlightened or unenlightened: --Behold! human beings living in a underground den, which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all along the den; here they have been from their childhood, and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move, and can only see before them, being prevented by the chains from turning round their heads. Above and behind them a fire is blazing at a distance, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a raised way; and you will see, if you look, a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets.
Plato Famous Quotes "How can you prove whether at this moment we are sleeping, and all our thoughts are a dream; or whether we are awake, and talking to one another in the waking state?"