Brazilian Jiujitsu

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Grappling Positions A grappling position refers to the positioning and holds of combatants engaged in grappling. Combatants are said to be in a neutral position if neither is in a more favourable position. If one party has a clear advantage such as in the mount they are said to be in a "dominant position". Conversely, the other party is considered to be in an inferior position, in that case sometimes called the "under mount". Stand-up positions[edit] Grappling Positions
North-South Position North-South Position Kami shiho gatame[edit] A Brazilian Jiu Jitsu practitioner works north south position in tournament Kami shiho gatame (上四方固, "upper four quarter hold down"), and its variations kuzure kami shiho gatame (崩上四方固, "broken upper four quarter hold down"), are the most common pinning holds applied from the north–south position in combat sports using a gi[citation needed].
Side Control In grappling, side control (often also called side mount or sometimes cross mount) is a dominant ground grappling position where the top combatant is lying perpendicularly over the face-up bottom combatant in such a way that the legs are free and he or she exerts considerable control over the combatant on the bottom. The top combatant is referred to as having side control, and is in a stable position, with the other combatant pinned beneath him or her. From there the top combatant can proceed with elbows, knees, various armlocks, or transition into a mounted position. It is high priority for the bottom combatant to sweep the top combatant or otherwise escape the position, for instance by entangling the opponent's free legs and trying to obtain the half guard or guard. Kata-gatame[edit] Side Control
Half Guard
Back Mount Back Mount Offense[edit] Defense[edit] To remove chest to back contact, the mounted opponent can grab an attacker's wrist with two hands and move it over his head to the other side. If the mounted opponent is much larger/stronger than the mounting fighter, he may actually be able to stand up and slam his opponent into a nearby wall or fall backwards onto his back (and opponent). Doing this with enough force may knock the wind out of the dominant opponent, or at least enable one to break free.
A choke applied from the mount Many chokes, especially collar chokes, are also available from the mounted position. Such chokes are generally limited to sporting contestants who wear a gi or, in real-life combat, opponents wearing thick jackets, which provide a collar as an aid to choking, but attempting them at a gi-less situation can be successful if the performer manages to hold his opponent. Other submissions such as the Triangle Choke, Arm Triangle and the Gogoplata can be used from the mount but are less common. Pinning holds in budō from the mount include tate shiho gatame (縦四方固, "horizontal four quarters hold", also called hon-tate-shiho-gatame,[1] 本縦四方固), which is similar to kata-gatame except that it is performed from the mount. Mount Mount
A grappling hold (commonly referred to simply as a hold; in Japanese referred to as katame-waza, 固め技, "grappling technique") is a grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts term for a specific grip that is applied to an opponent. Holds are principally used to control the opponent, and to advance in points or positioning. Holds may be categorized by their function such as clinching, pinning, pain compliance or submission, while others can be classified by their anatomical effect: chokehold, joint-lock or compression lock. Submissions Submissions
Joint Locks Joint Locks A joint lock is a grappling technique involving manipulation of an opponent's joints in such a way that the joints reach their maximal degree of motion. In budō these are referred to as, 関節技 kansetsu-waza, "joint locking technique"[1]) and in Chinese martial arts as chin na which literally means "catching and locking". These typically involve isolating a particular joint and leveraging it in an attempt to force the joint to move past its normal range of motion. Joint locks usually involve varying degrees of pain in the joints and, if applied forcefully and/or suddenly, may cause injury, such as muscle, tendon and ligament damage and even dislocation or bone fracture.
Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit] Spinal Locks Spinal Locks
Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit] Cattle Catch (Reverse Crucifix) Cattle Catch (Reverse Crucifix)
Can Opener Can Opener Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit]
Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit] A neck crank (sometimes also referred to as a neck lock, and technically known as a cervical lock) is a spinal lock applied to the cervical spine causing hyperextension, hyperflexion, lateral hyperflexion, hyperrotation or extension-distraction, either through bending, twisting or elongating. Crucifix
Neck Cranks Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit]
Spinal locks can be separated into two categories based on their primary area of effect on the spinal column: spinal locks on the neck are called neck cranks and locks on the lower parts of the spine are called spine cranks. Primarily a feature of some martial arts and wrestling, a 2007 news article reported the dangerous use of spinal locks in Australia's National Rugby League.[1] Neck crank[edit] A neck crank (sometimes also referred to as a neck lock, and technically known as a cervical lock) is a spinal lock applied to the cervical spine causing hyperextension, hyperflexion, lateral hyperflexion, hyperrotation or extension-distraction, either through bending, twisting or elongating. Twister
Armbar[edit] A fighter attempts to escape from an armbar by slamming the opponent to the ground. Judo black belt applying a jūji-gatame (armbar) against her opponent. Flying armbar[edit] The flying armbar is a version of the jūji-gatame that is performed from a stand-up position. Armlocks
Armbar
Kimura
Kimura from Guard
Keylock
Detailed Americana
Omoplata
Wristlock
Chokeholds
Rear Naked Choke
Rear Naked Choke (Stephen Kesting)
Guillotine Choke
Guillotine Choke (Submissions101)
Ezekiel Choke (Sode Guruma Jime)
Ezekiel from Guard (Koji Komuro)
Ezekiel from Mount
Ezekiel Choke (Koji Komuro)
NoGi Ezekiel (Erik Paulson)
Arm Triangle Choke
Arm Triangle Theory (Sub101)
Arm Triangle Choke 101
5 Triangle Options
Triangle Choke
Intro to Triangle Choke
Triangle Choke 101
Triangle Choke: 4 Most Common Errors
D'arce Choke
Peruvian Neck Tie
Peruvian Necktie with Head and Arm Control
Peruvian Necktie (Submissions101)
Anaconda Choke
Anaconda Choke (Submissions101)