What is a Rootkit Virus? | Security News. Know the Different Types of Malware. Malicious + Software = Malware. In other words, malware is the all-encompassing term to describe programs that can do damage to you or your computer. The best way to prevent malware from intruding on your life is to understand how the different types of malware work. Here’s a quick overview: Phishing: The phishing scam masquerades as a legitimate website or link to a site, but what it’s really trying to do is “fish” for information. Spyware: Like its name says, spyware monitors your movements on the Internet, sending information back to a central computer that then targets you with advertising.
Trojan horse: The Trojan program is malware that masquerades as a legitimate program. Virus: Like its living counterpart, a computer virus infects your computer, taking control over some or all of its functions. Worm: Officially, a worm is a virus that replicates itself over a network. PCs Glossary AC power Power that comes from an electrical outlet in the wall or power strip. adapter card all-in-one. PoS (point-of-sales) malware - Definition. What are PoS? A PoS device is designed to complete a retail transaction.
It calculates the amount customers must pay for their purchases and provide options for customers to make said payment. PoS devices are connected to the Internet to authorize transactions by sellers. Most PoS devices run on some variant of Windows and Unix. How do PoS malware work? The goal of PoS malware is to steal information related to financial transactions, including credit card information. However, because of the nature of PoS devices, routines of PoS malware differ from other data stealing malware. In order to perform RAM scraping, PoS malware often look for security lapses to enter the system. PoS malware do come with limitations. Notable PoS Malware PoS malware received a lot of attention from the public after it was revealed that US retailer Target suffered a massive data breach that affected an estimated 110 million customers—nearly a third of the US population.
Protection Against PoS Malware. What is a Rootkit Virus? | Security News. Know the Different Types of Malware. Techniques. Phishing is the method used to steal personal information through spamming or other deceptive means. There are a number of different phishing techniques used to obtain personal information from users. As technology becomes more advanced, the phishing techniques being used are also more advanced. To prevent Internet phishing, users should have knowledge of various types of phishing techniques and they should also be aware of anti-phishing techniques to protect themselves from getting phished. Let’s look at some of these phishing techniques. Email / Spam Phishers may send the same email to millions of users, requesting them to fill in personal details.
Web Based Delivery Web based delivery is one of the most sophisticated phishing techniques. Instant Messaging Instant messaging is the method in which the user receives a message with a link directing them to a fake phishing website which has the same look and feel as the legitimate website. Trojan Hosts Link Manipulation Key Loggers. Human based social engineering in the workplace. Human based social engineering in the workplace. Pete Cortez, Technical Instructor, New Horizons Computer Learning Centers, EC-Council Circle of Excellence 2010, EC-Council Instructor of the Year 2011, EC-Council Circle of Excellence 2012 One of the most frequently asked questions from my students is topic regarding social engineering employees.
There are two basic types of Social Engineering attacks. One type of attack involves computer- based attacks and the other is human- based which is the focus of this article. What is human-based social engineering (SE)? Simply, SE is the art of convincing people to reveal corporate secrets and confidential information. Social Engineers lure people to divulge information by promising something for nothing. One of my favorite slides in my Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) course is titled “Social Engineering - There is no patch to human stupidity”. What would one need to successfully launch a SE attack on an individual or target of evaluation? The Social Engineering Threat to IT Security. Computer technicians know all too well of the security threats in the cyber world. Virus and malware removal is usually on the most in-demand services for computer repair businesses, especially companies that service residential PC’s. Technicians who service small businesses know the importance of securing networks, configuring firewalls, spam filters, frequent software patches, and virus definition updates in order to keep the vulnerabilities of the computing environment at a minimum.
There are a number of hardware and software tools that are designed to create a “secure fortress” of protection, with their main goals to keep the bad guys from infiltrating a system and malicious software from taking over. While these tools are necessary, there is one element that they still can’t protect – the human element. Social engineering is one the biggest threats (if not the biggest threat) to computer security, whether in residential or business environments. What is Social Engineering? Stats. What is Social Engineering? Examples and Prevention Tips. Social engineering is the art of manipulating people so they give up confidential information. The types of information these criminals are seeking can vary, but when individuals are targeted the criminals are usually trying to trick you into giving them your passwords or bank information, or access your computer to secretly install malicious software–that will give them access to your passwords and bank information as well as giving them control over your computer.
Criminals use social engineering tactics because it is usually easier to exploit your natural inclination to trust than it is to discover ways to hack your software. For example, it is much easier to fool someone into giving you their password than it is for you to try hacking their password (unless the password is really weak). Security is all about knowing who and what to trust. Common social engineering attacks Email from a friend. These messages may use your trust and curiosity: Phishing attempts. Baiting scenarios. PRETEXTING-Waller-FULL.pdf. The Truth Behind Pretexting: In-house Investigations and Professional Responsibility Concerns | Robins, Kaplan, Miller & Ciresi L.L.P.
The Truth Behind Pretexting: In-house Investigations and Professional Responsibility Concerns To this day, The Wall Street Journal, New York Times, and internet blogs continue to run new articles and queries focusing on the growing scandal involving H-P's investigation and its pretexting techniques. While many of these reports inquire about criminal liability for those involved, this article discusses the professional responsibility consequences for lawyers involved with pretexting. The simple truth is that lawyers are held to a higher bar than just avoiding criminal conduct. This article, thus, briefly explains what pretexting is and what H-P did, highlights relevant rules of professional conduct, and discusses the impact these rules have on internal investigations.
Pretexting and HP: The Background What is Pretexting? Pretexting is a practice where an individual lies about her identity in order to obtain confidential or privileged information that she is not entitled to. Conclusion. Social engineering: My career as a professional bank robber. Jim Stickley got his first computer at age 12, and he was chatting with other computer "nerds" on bulletin board sites by the time he was 16. A wannabe hacker, Stickley said his first foray into playing the system was with free codes — codes that would exclude his phone and computer time from racking up charges that would incur the wrath of his parents.
"I started learning the phone systems early. I ended up getting my hands on a lot of old PacBell manuals and I figured out how systems work," said Stickley, now the CTO of TraceSecurity, a security consultancy based in both Louisiana and California. Learn more about social engineering tricks and tactics As an adult, Stickley channeled his computer and hacking passions into a legitimate career in network security, but soon realized that hardware and software were only part of the security equation. [Read about the latest scams in 5 more dirty tricks: Social engineers' latest pick-up lines "Ten years ago it was a whole different world. Social engineering techniques - ECU Libraries: One Search. Abstract In information security terms, social engineering (SE) refers to incidents in which an information system is penetrated through the use of social methods. The literature to date (40 texts), which was reviewed for this article, emphasises individual techniques in its description of SE.
This leads to a very scattered, anecdotal, and vague notion of SE. In addition, due to the lack of analytical concepts, research conducted on SE encounters difficulties in explaining the success of SE. In such explanations, the victim's psychological traits are overemphasised, although this kind of explanation can cover only a small portion of SE cases. Publication Title Behaviour & Information Technology Publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Pdf/1303.3764v3.pdf. ECU Libraries Article Linker. Joyner Library Proxy Login. Www.emeraldinsight.com.jproxy.lib.ecu.edu/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/IMCS-09-2012-0053. Rabies, a neglected, fatal disease - Gauteng. THE STARDr Jacqueline Weyer of the National Institute for Communicable Diseases and Human Rabies in South Africa in a laboratory at her workplace in Sandringham, Joburg. Photo: Boxer Ngwenya Johannesburg - A child foaming at the mouth, holding on to bed rails while having a violent convulsion; a seemingly violent, delirious dog growling with saliva dripping from its sharpened teeth. This is the picture often used to illustrate one of the world’s most fatal diseases - rabies. It claims more than 55 000 lives worldwide each year. In South Africa, up to 30 cases are confirmed each year. Speaking at a World Rabies Day symposium at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) on Tuesday, researchers all echoed the same sentiment that what was needed was a shift to having more vaccinations and awareness education.
Rabies is a zoonosis, meaning it can spread from animals to humans through exposure to saliva or nervous tissue from a rabid animal. “Rabies is a neglected disease. The Star. Why the world’s technology giants are investing in Africa. 14 October 2013Last updated at 19:00 ET By Fiona Graham Technology of business reporter, BBC News, Accra Young people gaining access to technology is key for Africa, tech companies say "I don't understand. Why is it that the media only seems to talk about Africa when bad things happen?
" The man behind the counter at my hotel in the Ghanaian capital, Accra, was talking to me about my job, and why I was visiting. He looked genuinely pained. It's arguably a fair point. In fact, Africa is booming, with growth of 5.6% predicted for 2013, according to the World Bank - although research suggests this has yet to trickle down to the very poorest on the continent. The middle class in sub-Saharan Africa is expanding rapidly. So it's no surprise that the big technology companies are investing in Africa. Is it driven by philanthropy or a desire to get in on the ground before their competitors? Continue reading the main story “Start Quote End QuoteDr Kamal BhattacharyaIBM Research - Africa. Social engineering (security)
Social engineering, in the context of information security, refers to psychological manipulation of people into performing actions or divulging confidential information. A type of confidence trick for the purpose of information gathering, fraud, or system access, it differs from a traditional "con" in that it is often one of many steps in a more complex fraud scheme. The term "social engineering" as an act of psychological manipulation is also associated with the social sciences, but its usage has caught on among computer and information security professionals. All social engineering techniques are based on specific attributes of human decision-making known as cognitive biases. These biases, sometimes called "bugs in the human hardware", are exploited in various combinations to create attack techniques, some of which are listed.
The attacks used in social engineering can be used to steal employees' confidential information. Quid pro quo means something for something: U.S. 5 Types of Social Engineering Attacks | The Cloud to Cloud Backup Blog. What is social engineering? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Social engineering is a non-technical method of intrusion hackers use that relies heavily on human interaction and often involves tricking people into breaking normal security procedures.
It is one of the greatest threats that organizations today encounter. Why social engineering is performed Social engineering is a component of many -- if not most -- types of exploits. Virus writers use social engineering tactics to persuade people to run malware-laden email attachments, phishers use social engineering to convince people to divulge sensitive information, and scareware vendors use social engineering to frighten people into running software that is useless at best and dangerous at worst. How social engineering is performed A social engineer runs what used to be called a "con game. " How to counter social engineering Security awareness training can go a long way in preventing social engineering attacks. Examples of social engineering attacks Margaret Rouse asks: Social engineering. Techniques. Top 5 Social Engineering Exploit Techniques. If you want to hack a corporation fast, Social Engineering (SE) techniques work every time and more often than not it works the first time.
I'm talking about in your face, Mano-a-mano, live in the flesh social engineering techniques. Securing the information that is in the human mind is a monumental, colossal, epic, task compared with securing digital data! So it is no surprise that it is also the largest gap in a corporations IT security. The security industry is constantly trying to create techno widgets to help us with this hu man problem, but to date there are not bona fide solutions available.
I've collected a list of my top 10 social engineering techniques. 1) Familiarity Exploit – This is one of the best and is a corner stone of social engineering. 2) Creating a hostile situation – People withdraw from those that appear to be mad, upset or angry at something or someone other than themselves. So the last part is how do you defend against social engineering attacks? Social Engineering | iamzuzu. Social engineering. Social engineering. Social engineering. Social engineering. Social engineering attacks: Is security focused on the wrong problem? Malicious social-engineering attacks are on the rise and branching out far beyond simply targeting the financial sector. While some organizations develop employee-awareness training or solicit pen testing, or use some combination of the two, these preventive tactics can only go so far. Adopting a "know thy data" approach -- in terms of what it is, how valuable it is and where it is -- and then focusing on securing it may be the key to surviving the relentless onslaught of attacks.
It's nearly impossible to detect you've been socially engineered.Daniel Cohen, RSA FraudAction group Remember the ancient Greeks' "gift" horse to the city of Troy? While a social-engineering attack is by no means new, today this highly effective tool snares its victims through phishing, elicitation and impersonation. Anyone -- even pros -- can become a victim of a social-engineering attack. Money is the main reason malicious social engineering is so pervasive. And it's easy money. New targets emerging. What is phishing? (definition of phishing, with examples) SOCIAL ENGINEERING, HACKING THE HUMAN OS. Social engineering: 3 examples of human hacking. Social Engineering: A Hacking Story - InfoSec Institute.
What is Social Engineering? | Information Technology. What is Social Engineering? Examples and Prevention Tips. What is social engineering? - Definition from WhatIs.com. The Official Social Engineering Portal - Security Through Education.