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Title - mayet_antbots.pdf. Symbiotic Multi-Robot Organisms: Reliability, Adaptability, Evolution - Paul Levi, Serge Kernbach. A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science. It’s a question that’s perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? We know it exists, at least in ourselves. But how it arises from chemistry and electricity in our brains is an unsolved mystery. Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he might know the answer. According to Koch, consciousness arises within any sufficiently complex, information-processing system.

“The electric charge of an electron doesn’t arise out of more elemental properties. What Koch proposes is a scientifically refined version of an ancient philosophical doctrine called panpsychism — and, coming from someone else, it might sound more like spirituality than science. Koch’s insights have been detailed in dozens of scientific articles and a series of books, including last year’s Consciousness: Confessions of a Romantic Reductionist.

WIRED: How did you come to believe in panpsychism? Go Back to Top. Google and Neural Networks: Now Things Are Getting REALLY Interesting,… | shockwaveriderblog. Back in October 2002, I appeared as a guest speaker for the Chicago (Illinois) URISA conference. The topic that I spoke about at that time was on the commercial and governmental applicability of neural networks. Although well-received (the audience actually clapped, some asked to have pictures taken with me, and nobody fell asleep) at the time it was regarded as, well, out there. After all, who the hell was talking about – much less knew anything about – neural networks. Fast forward to 2014 and here we are: Google recently (and quietly) acquired a start-up - DNNResearch – whose primary purpose is the commercial application and development of practical neural networks.

Before you get all strange and creeped out, neural networks are not brains floating in vials, locked away in some weird, hidden laboratory - ala The X Files - cloaked in poor lighting (cue the evil laughter BWAHAHAHA!) That’s about it; no big announcement, little or no mention in any major publications. Like this: 11 Extinct Animals That Have Been Photographed Alive. Animals Published on April 2nd, 2009 | by Bryan Nelson The current rate of extinction is 100 to 1000 times higher than the average, or background rate, making our current period the 6th major mass extinction in the planet’s history.

Although fossil reconstructions or pictorial representations can sometimes be difficult to connect with, it’s impossible to ignore the experience of seeing a photograph of an animal on the brink of extinction. Thus, what follows is a list of 11 extinct animals that were photographed while still alive. Tasmanian Tiger The last Tasmanian Tiger, or Thylacine, known to have existed died in the Hobart Zoo, in Tasmania, Australia, on September 7th, 1936. Although commonly referred to as ‘tigers’, and despite having the look of a canid, the Thylacine isn’t remotely related to cats or dogs.

>> Also see our latest post: 10 Animals on the Brink of Extinction Quagga Passenger Pigeon Colonial hunters happened. Golden Toad About the Author. Book.dvi - Eiben-Smith-Intro2EC-Ch2.pdf. Evolutionary algorithm. Evolutionary algorithms often perform well approximating solutions to all types of problems because they ideally do not make any assumption about the underlying fitness landscape; this generality is shown by successes in fields as diverse as engineering, art, biology, economics, marketing, genetics, operations research, robotics, social sciences, physics, politics and chemistry[citation needed].

In most real applications of EAs, computational complexity is a prohibiting factor. In fact, this computational complexity is due to fitness function evaluation. Fitness approximation is one of the solutions to overcome this difficulty. However, seemingly simple EA can solve often complex problems; therefore, there may be no direct link between algorithm complexity and problem complexity.

A possible limitation [according to whom?] Implementation of biological processes[edit] Evolutionary algorithm types[edit] Related techniques[edit] Swarm algorithms, including: [edit] See also[edit] References[edit] The Skeptics Society Forum • View topic - PEMF nonsense. I find it interesting that these so-called skeptic forums are suppose to be about science and evidence and facts.

Then I read these posts about PEMFs and I realize that this forum (and others like it) are just about people's personal opinions and have very little to do with science. The ignorance on this particular subject is disappointing and revealing. Don't look now but your bias is showing! Now I'll admit, four years ago I had never heard of PEMFs and didn't have a clue what they were or how they worked.

Four years later and I have seen firsthand that they work and more importantly there is overwhelming scientific evidence to back it up. Did you know that Olympic athletes have been successfully using PEMF for decades? So the question is this - once you skeptics read all of this PEMF research will you have the integrity to change your mind? You see, this skeptical attitude you wear like a badge is not all that noble or useful in the end. Nonsense indeed!! -Tedd. Installatiedraad. Vier kleuren installatiedraad in een lasdoos Installatiedraad is elektriciteitsdraad dat gebruikt wordt in een elektrische installatie.

Die draden hebben een massieve koperen kern en een isolatie die meestal bestaat uit vinyl. Men spreekt dan ook over vinyldraad (afgekort VD). Via die draden vloeit stroom van de meterkast naar elektrische installaties en apparaten. De diameter van de draad dient aangepast te zijn aan de maximale stroom die erdoor vloeit en aan de zekering - die de geleider beschermt. Maximaal toelaatbare stroomsterkte[bewerken] De maximaal toelaatbare stroomsterkte van installatiedraad is afhankelijk van de diameter, die wordt opgegeven als oppervlakte van de doorsnede. Kleurgebruik van installatiedraden[bewerken] Het is altijd belangrijk direct te kunnen zien welke functie een draad heeft. *De oude kleuren worden niet meer toegepast, maar zijn wel in woninginstallaties van voor 1970 aanwezig.

Fasedraad[bewerken] Nuldraad[bewerken] Spanning op de nul[bewerken] Zie ook[bewerken] Scientists make largest ever quantum circuit board. A team of international researchers has been able to create the largest quantum circuit board ever, taking a big step toward truly useful quantum computers. Before this work, the largest number of quantum systems ever strung together in a single component was 14 — the record is now 10,000. Scientists working on the project likened this breakthrough to the move from vacuum tubes to transistors. This system is not technically a “board” in the strictest sense of the word. Rather, the researchers employed a split laser that contained all 10,000 individually addressable quantum wave packets — photons, essentially.

The transistors in a traditional computer are only capable of being a 1 or a 0 at any given time. Scalability and control of many quantum simultaneous systems have long held back quantum computing, but maybe not for long. The authors of the study do, however, admit that the massive scale of the quantum board has made control of the model tricky. Scientists prove that fears and memories can be inherited via sperm. Darwin’s theory of evolution, that of blind mutation and natural selection, is a pillar of modern day science.

Yet to many, it remains deeply dissatisfying for one simple reason — it lacks biological provisioning to pass to our children anything that we have won, or lost, by our exertions through the course of life. While scientists have documented numerous cases where the children of significantly traumatized parents have in fact inherited specific predispositions, direct experimental evidence for this phenomenon, and a plausible mechanism, has until now been lacking. Reporting in the current issue of Nature Neuroscience, researchers have now shown that mice can inherit the acquired fears of their fathers through some mysterious reprogramming occurring within the family jewels. The way that the researchers were able to constrain the range of possible influences of parent upon child, or in this case from mouse to pup, was to separate them entirely by doing artificial insemination.

Why can't we get down to absolute zero?