Sufi Penseurs 1
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Shāh Nimatullāh or Shāh Ni'matullāh Wali (1330–1431) ( Persian : شاه نعمتالله ولی Shāh Ni'matullāh-i Valī ), also spelled as Ne'matollah , Ni'matallah and Ni'mat Allah , was a Sufi Master and poet from the 14th and 15th centuries. Today there is a Sufi order Nimatullahi that considers him its founder. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Biography
Shaikh Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar Panipati (1209-1324 CE , born at Ganja , Azerbaijan ) was a Sufi saint of the Chishtī Order who lived in India . His dargah (mausoleum) in the town of Panipat is a place of pilgrimage . His real name was Shaykh Sharfuddin but he is famous by the title Bu Ali Shah. His father, Shaykh Fakhar Uddin was a great scholar and saint of his time. He completed his studies at an early age and subsequently taught near the Qutub Minar in Delhi for 20 years.
Carl W. Ernst (born September 8, 1950, Los Angeles, California ) [ 1 ] is the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Islamic studies at the Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . [ 2 ] He is also the director of the Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations. [ 3 ] Ernst received his A.B. in comparative religion at Stanford University in 1973, and his Ph.D. at Harvard University in 1981. [ 3 ] He taught at Pomona College from 1981 to 1992. [ 4 ] Ernst's recent book, Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World (UNC Press, 2003), has received several international awards, including the 2004 Bashrahil Prize for Outstanding Cultural Achievement. [ 3 ]
Other important Muslim mystics carry the name Suhrawardi , particularly Abu 'l-Najib al-Suhrawardi and his paternal nephew Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi . "Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī ( Persian : شهابالدین سهروردی , also known as Sohrevardi ) was an Iranic ( Persian or Kurdish ) [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] philosopher, a Sufi and founder of the Illuminationist philosophy or "Oriental Theosophy", an important school in Islamic mysticism that drew upon Zoroastrian and Platonic ideas. The "Orient" of his "Oriental Theosophy" symbolises spiritual light and knowledge. He is sometimes given the honorific title Shaikh al-Ishraq or "Master of Illumination" and sometimes is called Shaikh al-Maqtul , the "Murdered Sheikh", referring to his execution for heresy .
Mausoleum of Sheikh Rukn-e-Alam in Multan Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fath (1251–1335) commonly known by the title Rukn-e-Alam (pillar of the world) commonly called Shah Rukne Alam was among the eminent Sufi saints from Multan , India (now in Pakistan). The Shaikh was the son of Pir Sadar-Al-Din Arif born at Multan on Friday, the 9th of Ramadan 649 Hijri (26 November 1251). [ 1 ] He was the grandson and successor of Shaikh Baha-Ud-Din Zakariya . Shaikh Rukn-e-Alam (Rukn-al-Din) died on Friday, the 7th of Jumada al-awwal 735 Hijri (3 January 1335). He was buried in the mausoleum of his grandfather, according to his own will.
Dhikr (or Zikr , "Remembrance [of God]", "pronouncement", "invocation"; Arabic : ذکر ḏikr , plural أذكار ʾaḏkār , Arabic pronunciation: [ðɪkr, ʔæðˈkɑːr] ), is an Islamic devotional act , typically involving the recitation—mostly silently—of the Names of God , and of supplications taken from hadith texts and Qur'anic verses, according to Sunni Islam. Essentially, the practice of dhikr is a form of prayer in which the Muslim will express his or her remembrance of God either within or overtly; this may come in the form of recitation or simply always remembering God in one’s heart. The word dhikr is commonly translated as "remembrance" or "invocation". [ edit ] Origins
Bulleh Shah (1680–1757) ( Punjabi : بلہے شاہ , ਬੁੱਲ੍ਹੇ ਸ਼ਾਹ ) was a Punjabi Sufi poet, humanist and philosopher . His full name was Abdullah Shah [ 1 ] [ edit ] Early life Bulleh Shah is believed to have been born in 1680, in the small village of Uch , Bahawalpur , Punjab , in present day Pakistan . [ 2 ] His father, Shah Muhammad Darwaish, was a teacher and preacher in a village mosque .
Illustration from Jami's Rose Garden of the Pious , dated 1553. The image blends Persian poetry and Persian miniature into one, as is the norm for many works of Persian literature. Nur ad-Dīn Abd ar-Rahmān Jāmī ( Persian : نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامی ) also known as DJāmī, Mawlanā Nūr al-Dīn 'Abd al-Rahmān or Abd-Al-Rahmān Nur-Al-Din Muhammad Dashti who is commonly known as Jami (August 18, 1414 – November 17, 1492), is known for his achievements as a scholar, mystic, writer, composer of numerous lyrics and idylls, historian, and the greatest Persian and Sufi poets of the 15th century.
This article describes the Sufism philosopher, for the Sri Lankan architect see Geoffrey Bawa . Muhammad Raheem Bawa Muhaiyaddeen (died December 8, 1986) was a saintly Tamil -speaking teacher [ 1 ] and Sufi mystic from the island of Sri Lanka who first came to the United States on October 11, 1971 [ 2 ] and established the Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship in Philadelphia. From Philadelphia, with its approximately 1,000 followers, [ 3 ] branches of the Fellowship have spread throughout the United States and Canada, [ 3 ] as well Australia and the UK. Societies of followers were already in Jaffna and Colombo, [ 4 ] Sri Lanka before his arrival in the USA.
A Dervish or Darvesh [ 1 ] (from Persian درویش, Darvīsh [ 2 ] via Turkish , [ 3 ] Somali : Daraawiish , Arabic : درويش , Darwīš ) is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or " Tariqah ", known for their extreme poverty and austerity. In this respect, Dervishes are most similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu / Buddhist / Jain sadhus . [ 4 ] [ edit ] Etymology The Persian word darvīsh (درویش) is of ancient origin and descends from a Proto-Iranian word that appears in Avestan as drigu- , "needy, mendicant", via Middle Persian driyosh [ 5 ] The Iranian word is probably a cognate with the Vedic Sanskrit word adhrigu- , an epithet of uncertain meaning applied to several deities. The Vedic word is probably to be analysed as a-dhrigu- , that is "not dhrigu- ," perhaps "not poor", i.e.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya ( Persian : بہاؤ الدین زکریا ) (1170-1267) was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order ( tariqa ). His full name was Al-Sheikh Al-Kabir Sheikh-ul-Islam Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria Al-Qureshi. Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya known as Bahawal Haq was born at Kot Kehror ( Karor Lal Eason ), a town of the Layyah District near Multan , Punjab , Pakistan , around 1170. His grandfather Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi arrived in Multan from Mecca en route to Khwarezm where he stayed for a short while. In Tariqat he was the disciple of renowned Sufi master Shaikh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqah in Baghdad . For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings Bahawal Haq settled in Multan in 1222.
Bayazid Bastami ( Persian : بايزيد بسطامى ; also known as Abu Yazid Bistami or Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bustami , (804-874 or 877/8 [ 2 ] CE) was a Persian [ 3 ] Sufi . He was born in Bastam , Iran . [ edit ] Background
Baqaa ( Arabic : بقاء baqāʾ ), with literal meaning of permanency, is a term in Sufi philosophy which describes a particular state of life with God, through God, in God, and for God. It is the summit of the mystical manazil , that is, the destination or the abode. Baqaa comprises three degrees, each one referring to a particular aspect of the divine theophanies as principle of existence and its qualitative evolution, consisting of faith, knowledge, and grace. [ edit ] Aspects [ edit ] First aspect: the level of acts
The Bektashi Order ( Turkish : Bektaşi Tarikatı ), or the ideology of Bektashism ( Turkish : Bektaşilik ), is an Islamic Sufi order ( tariqat ) founded in the 13th century by the Persian [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Wali (saint) Haji Bektash Veli . The order is particularly found throughout Anatolia and the Balkans . In addition to the spiritual teachings of Haji Bektash Veli, the Bektashi order was later significantly influenced during its formative period by the Hurufis (in the early 15th century), the Qalandariyya stream of Sufism, and to varying degrees the Ghulat Shia beliefs circulating in Anatolia during the 14th to 16th centuries.
Makhdoom-ul-Alam Hazrat Alauddin Ali Ahmed Kaliyari , also known as Sabir Kaliyari ("Patient Saint of Kaliyar"), was a prominent South Asian Sufi saint in the 13th century, nephew and khalifa (successor) to Baba Fareed (1188–1280), [ 1 ] and the first in the Sabiriya branch of the Chishti Order . [ 2 ] Today, his dargah (Sufi mausoleum ) at Kaliyar village, near Haridwar , is one of the most revered shrines for Muslims in India, after Ajmer Sharif at Ajmer , Rajasthan , and is equally revered by Hindus and Muslims in South Asia . [ 3 ] [ edit ] Biography Hazrat Syed Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kaliyari was born in Kohtwaal, a town in the district of Multan on 19 Rabi' al-awwal , 592 Hijri (1196). He was the son of Jamila Khatun, who was the elder sister of Baba Fareed. After the death of his father, Syed Abul Rahim, [ 4 ] his mother brought him to Pakpattan in 1204 to Baba Fareed. [ 3 ] The story of his being given the title Sabir is as follows: